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UCL Home  /  Geography  /  People  /  Academic Staff  /  Caroline Bressey

Dr Caroline Bressey

1.jpgDr Caroline Bressey

Reader in Cultural and Historical Geography

Department of Geography
University College London
26 Bedford Way


My interests are focused on historical and cultural geographies of the black presence in Britain particularly London, theories of racism and anti-racism and the links between contemporary identity and the diverse histories of London in local and national sites of heritage.






Opening of London, Sugar and Slavery

Image courtesy of Museum of London


Caroline Bressey was born and grew up in London.  In 1997 she graduated from the University of Cambridge with BA Honours in Geography. In 1998 she joined the UCL Geography department as postgraduate student and was awarded her PhD Forgotten Geographies: Historical Geographies of Black Women in Victorian and Edwardian London in 2003. Between 2003 and 2007 Caroline continued to research the Black Presence in Victorian Britain and the role of the anti-racist community as an ESRC postdoctoral student and research fellow. In 2007 she became a lecturer in human geography and founded the Equiano Centre to support research into the Black Presence in Britain. In 2009 she was awarded a Philip Leverhulme Prize.

View Caroline Bressey's UCL mini lecture for Black History Month 2010


My interests are focused on historical and cultural geographies of the black presence in Britain (particularly London), Victorian theories of race and anti-racism and the links between contemporary identity and the diverse histories of London.

The Black presence in Victorian London To date my research has focused upon Black women and their experiences in four arenas of Victorian life: institutions, imperial elite society, work and anti-racist politics.  I am now working to recover biographies of Black Victorian men and integrate these into a new historical geography of London.

Empire Race

Historical geographies of Anti-Caste Edited and distributed by Catherine Impey, Anti-Caste was a journal of early forms of anti-racist/race prejudice literature in Britain. First published in March 1888, Impey eventually oversaw the transfer of Anti-Caste the journal to a Society for the Recognition of the Brotherhood of Man, and passed the editorship of its newly named journal Fraternity to the Dominican born Celestine Edwards in 1893.  The following year Edwards died and Catherine began to republish her own journal once again, but she only managed to publish three issues, before, for some reason, she fell silent. My book Empire, Race and the Politics of Anti-Caste, which focuses upon the geographical imagination of Impey's writings in Anti-Caste,  as well as the geography of Anti-Caste's readership and its place in the   history of the anti-racist movement in Britain, was published by Bloomsbury Academic in 2013.

Looking for Blackness: race, representation and photography The absence of so-called racial or ethnic descriptions in British national records such as the census means there is no way to tell how many black men and women walked the streets of our cities, towns and villages, and slip past our eyes and through our fingers because we cannot see them in printed texts. In addition to attempting to reconstruct the biographies of individual black men and women, I am interested in the theoretical issues raised from using photographs in the research of black history.

Public history and urban landscapes I am also interested in the representation of black history in London’s urban landscape and the relationship between British identity, public history and the place of black history within urban and rural landscapes.

Photograph of images from Sites of Africa by Joy Gregory

Public histories and geographies

Engaging the public with my research on black historical geographies is a key part of my scholarship.  Below are some examples of projects I have worked on with colleagues at UCL and museums and galleries in London.  For more examples and resources visit the Equiano Centre online.

Research from the AHRC funded project (2012-2013) 'Drawing over the Colour Line: geographies of art and cosmopolitan politics in London 1919-1939' can be found in two walking tour maps of Bloomsbury and Soho which are available from the UCL Map Room.  For more information about events see the project blog.

Walk Around SohoA walk around Bloomsbury


Online Audio slide show for Newspapers on Campaign! A  British Library and MLA Council  initiative that brings museums, archives and schools together to inspire young people into active citizenship, launched summer 2009.

Co-curator for the gallery London, Sugar and Slavery, Museum in Docklands.

LSS cover

Portraits, People and Abolition4.jpgGallery trail to highlight connections to the Slave Trade and its abolition in the images at the National Portrait Gallery, London, April 2006.

Geographies of Race and Labour 1880 – 1920.  A workshop bringing together geographers, historians and sociologists from throughout the UK, Research Development Fund, Department of Geography, UCL, March 2006.

Unlocking the Archives, Royal Geographical Society.  Research project to find Black and Asian sitters to form a part of National Lottery funded exhibition, Royal Geographical Society, March 2004.

Diversity – Images of Black and Asian people in the National Portrait Gallery
A leaflet introducing the representation of Black and Asian Sitters in the collections of the National Portrait Gallery. National Portrait Gallery and the Hollick Trust, July 2003.


Co-Curator 'Before Windrush: Images of Black and Asian Figures, 1890s-1930s'.  An exhibition of images taken from the National Portrait Gallery Collection. National Portrait Gallery, London, 14 September 2002 – 23 March 2003.

Research Study of Representations of ‘Ethnic Minorities’ in the NPG Collection National Portrait Gallery, London and the Hollick Trust, January 2001.






I convene the 2nd year undergraduate course Cultural and Historical Geography (GEOG0029) which is a research-let and object-led course in which students work with UCL collections and undertake independent research on themes such as cultural and urban landscapes, museum geographies and geographies of reading.  I also convene the final year 'Independent Study' module. I also teach on the first year modules Global Events and Geography in the Field II.

Spring Term 2023 ASF Hours:

Monday:  2-4pm online via the online booking link on the departments ASF Bookings webpage

Tuesday: 12-1pm on campus via the departments ASF Bookings webpage


If you are interested in researching the Black presence in Britain, issues of critical heritage or research themes interrogating racisms and strategies of antiracism please get in touch.

Current students

Nathaniel Télémaque: (2019- FT) 'Everyday Things White City: Generations 88 - 98', a practice-led PhD working with Black Millennials (aged 23 to 32) currently living on London's White City estate (Primary supervisor, with Prof. Ben Campkin, The Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL).

Abira Hussein: (2019 - PT) The Archive and the Community: using digital technologies and participatory approaches to co-create new archival spaces and knowledge within Somali communities in the Britain, (Secondary supervisor with Dr Andrew Flinn and Dr Anna Sexton, Department for Information Studies, UCL).


Dr Hannah Ishmael : The Development of Black-Led Archives in London (2015-2020; Co-supervisor with Andrew Flinn, Department of Information Studies, UCL).

Dr Murray McKenzie: Coming Together and Apart in Heiqiao Village, Beijing: Urban Life, Artistic Practices, and the Making of Social Worlds (2014 - 2019, UCL Overseas Research Scholarship, Chinese Government Scholarship and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Scholarship, Secondary supervisor, with Dr Andrew Harris, Department of Geography).

Dr Tom Brocket: Between West Bank and East Coast: Making Palestinian heritage in and from the United States (2016 - 2018, ESRC-funded; Primary supervisor, with Elena ey, UCL Geography).