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UCL Home  /  Geography  /  People  /  Academic Staff  /  Ayona Datta

Professor Ayona Datta



The City Inside Out

Editor: Urban Geography | Trustee: IJURR Foundation

Editorial board member: Antipode, Digital Geography and Society and Society and Space


My broad research interests are in postcolonial urbanism, smart cities, gender citizenship and urban futures.  In particular, I am interested in how cities seek to transform themselves through utopian urban visions of the future and their impacts on everyday social, material and gendered geographies. I use interdisciplinary approaches from architecture, planning, feminist and urban geography, combining qualitative, digital/mapping and visual research methods to examine urbanisation and urban development as experiments in urban ‘futuring’. For my contributions to understanding of smart cities through fieldwork I received the Busk Medal from Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) in 2019.

Please contact me if you are interested in a PhD in the following themes:

  • Smart cities and urban futures
  • Fast urbanism, speed, time and acceleration
  • ‘Digital turn’ in postcolonial urbanism
  • Cities, infrastructures and the gendered body
  • Gender citizenship and digital lives in the urban margins

I have a Bachelor’s degree in Architecture (Delhi) and a MPhil in Environmental Design (Cantab.) funded by the Overseas Development Administration (ODA) and Cambridge Commonwealth Scholarship. I practised as an architect in New Delhi for a year and as RIBA chartered architect in London for three years, after which I left professional practice to pursue a PhD.

I pursued my PhD in Environmental Design and Planning from Arizona State University (ASU) from 2000-2003. I was placed on the Dean's list and awarded the King Medal from the Architectural Research Centers Consortium upon graduation. During my time in ASU, I worked as a Graduate Research Assistant in the Center for Architecture and Environmental Design.

This was followed by Lectureships in the Department of Architecture at Queen’s University Belfast (2003-2005), the Cities Programme in London School of Economics (2005-2012) and Senior Lectureship in Department of Geography, University of Leeds (2012-2016). I moved to King’s College London as Reader (subsequently Professor) in Urban Futures in 2016. While at King’s, I was Chair of the Urban Futures research domain and Convenor of the MA/MSc Sustainable Cities degree programme. I joined UCL as Chair of Urban Geography in September 2019.

I am author of ‘The Illegal City: Space, law and gender in a Delhi squatter settlement (2012 Ashgate), co-editor of ‘Mega-urbanization in the global South: Fast cities and new urban utopias of the postcolonial state (2017 Routledge) and ‘Translocal Geographies: Spaces, places, connections (2011 Ashgate). I am also author of over 40 articles in peer reviewed journals and several book chapters. For my contributions to understanding of smart cities through fieldwork I received the Busk Medal from Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) in 2019.

My work has shaped UK research funding policies through invitations to scoping meetings for GCRF and Newton funded programmes. In 2016, I was invited to be part of a closed ESRC UK-India scoping meeting for their ‘Urban Transformations’ programme. In 2017, I was invited to be part of a closed AHRC UK-India delegation to scope their ‘Rapid urbanization and cultural heritage’ programme. In March 2017, I contributed to shaping the ‘Urban Futures’ and ‘Addressing Violence’ themes of British Academy via participation in their policy roundtables and through a film on ‘Habitat and Living in Plural Cities’.

I am a publicly engaged scholar with a strong media presence, engaging through regular blogs, podcasts and op-eds the ConversationUK, Guardian and openDemocracy as well as producer/director of two films ‘City Bypassed’ and ‘City Forgotten’. I am regularly invited to international lectures and keynotes including invitations to speak at several themed UN meetings in Geneva and New York.

Two crosscutting themes of my research are:

Postcolonial and feminist urban futures: I have received international recognition as one of the few scholars working on feminist urban futures in the global south pioneering an original research agenda linking digital geographies, urban infrastructures and Violence Against Women (VAW) in urban India. This work has opened up important new research horizons around a gendered right to urban technology from the urban peripheries. This has attracted GCRF funding from British Academy (PI) titled ‘Disconnected Infrastructures and VAW’ and AHRC (PI) titled ‘Gendering the Smart city’. This work has used creative practices and co-production (of films, hip-hop music video, exhibitions and Storymaps) as a tool for empowerment of marginal social actors and has also transformed the work of NGOs and activists in India. On the basis of this work, I was invited to present in a high-level policy roundtable organised by Indian National Institute of Urban Affairs to feedback into policy on urban governance.

Smart Cities and the Digital urban age: I am known internationally for pioneering theoretical and empirical work on India’s smart cities and the ‘digital turn’ in urban studies. This work has opened up important new research horizons in conceptualising speed and time in postcolonial urban futures. This has attracted ESRC Newton funds (PI) titled ‘Learning from Small Cities’, AHRC GCRF funds (PI) titled ‘Learning from the Utopian City’, and SNSF funded (CoI) titled 'Smart Cities: Provincializing the global urban age in India and South Africa'. This led to several publications in international refereed journals as well as op-eds and podcasts, numerous keynotes and significant recognition in international policy through presentations in the United Nations in Geneva and New York.

Funded Research (selected)


All my publications can be downloaded from IRIS here.




Journal articles


Book chapters

  • Datta, A (2019) Social media and the City: Of the people, for the people, by the people, in Mark Graham, Rob Kitchin, Shannon Mattern and Joe Shaw (eds.) If the city were run like a company. Meatspace.
  • Datta, A (2018) ‘Cityzens become Netizens’: Hashtag citizenships in the making of India’s 100 smart cities, in Claudio Coletta, Leighton Evans, Liam Heaphy and Rob Kitchin (eds.) Creating Smart Cities. London: Routledge.
  • Datta, A (2017) “Introduction”, in Datta, A and Shaban, A eds. Mega-urbanization in the Global South: Fast cities and new urban utopias of the postcolonial state. London: Routledge.
  • Shaban, A and Datta, A (2017) “Slow: Towards a Decelerated Urbanism”, in Datta, A and Shaban, A eds. Mega-urbanization in the Global South: Fast cities and new urban utopias of the postcolonial state. London: Routledge
  • Datta, A (2016) The Smart Entrepreneurial City: Dholera and a 100 other utopias in India, in Colin McFarlane, Andrés Luque and Simon Marvin (eds) Smart Urbanism: Utopian Vision or False dawn? London: Routledge.
  • Datta, A (2013) Diaspora and Transnationalism in Urban Studies, in Ato Quayson and Girish Daswani (eds.) Blackwell Companion to Diaspora and Transnationalism Studies, Oxford: Blackwell, 88-105.
  • Datta, A (2011) Translocal Geographies of London: Belonging and otherness among Polish migrants after 2004, in Katherine Brickell and Ayona Datta (eds.) Translocal Geographies: Spaces, Places, Connections, London Ashgate, 73-91.
  • Brickell, K and Datta, A (2011) ‘Introduction’, in Katherine Brickell and Ayona Datta (eds.) Translocal Geographies: Spaces, Places, Connections, London Ashgate.
  • Datta, A (2009) ‘Making Space for Muslims: Housing Bangladeshi Families in East London’ in Richard Phillips (ed.) Muslim Spaces of Hope: Geographies of Possibility in Britain and the West, London: Zed Books, 120-138.
  • Datta, A (2009) ‘This is Special Humour: Visual Narratives of Polish Masculinities in London’s Building Sites’, in Kathy Burrell (ed.) After 2004: Polish Migration to the UK in the ‘New’ European Union, London: Ashgate, 189-210.

My work has high translatability into policy/industry and public/lay knowledge and has gained international recognition through invited presentations in United Nations headquarters in Geneva and New York. I have garnered major impact by building and consolidating international research networks across stakeholders in global policy, third sector, creative industries and grassroots organisations, delivering cutting-edge scholarship and impactful research towards fulfilling SDGs #5 (gender equality) and #11 (sustainable cities and communities).

A key impact of my work has been in the curation and co-production of knowledge through long-term involvement with participants in low-income settlements and partnerships with NGOs and grassroots organisations in the global south. My work has transformed marginal lives and the methods of NGO partners by including gendered local knowledge (through editathons and a Wikipedia page) within digital platforms and data commons from which they are usually excluded. In 2018, I co-produced a hip-hop music video (called ‘Khadar Girls’) with research participants, which was reported in all major national newspapers. I co-curated this work into an exhibition titled #AanaJaana [#ComingGoing] in Delhi’s Mandi House Metro station throughout January 2019, that was developed later into an online storymap. Its research method ‘WhatsApp diaries’ has informed NGO practices in building digital capacities of youth. The song and exhibition were used by a national newschannel to produce a film for the 2019 Delhi election agenda around gender safety in public spaces and a gender-sensitive Delhi masterplan.

My work has gained significant recognition in international policy through 2 invited presentations in the United Nations.  In 2017, I was invited to speak in the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in New York and in 2016, in the UN Commission for Science Technology and Development (CSTD) in Geneva, which informed the UN Steering Group report.  In 2016, I was cited in UN World Cities Report and my Conversation article was agenda contributor in World Economic Forum.

My research has been documented several times in the national and international media (newspapers and radio), including BBC Radio, Guardian, South China Morning Post, Economic Times,  Hindustan Times, and mentions in LA Times, Reuters, Times of India, FirstPost, Quint, Dainik Jagran, and Times Higher Education.


Datta, A (March 2019) ‘Khadar ki Ladkiyan’: A hip hop music video co-produced with young women in Delhi’s urban peripheries. Guftugu: Indian Writers’ Collective, Vol. 3

Datta, A (1 February 2019) Indian women from the outskirts of Delhi are taking selfies to claim their right to the city. The Conversation UK.[Republished in Scroll.In, Quartz, Firstpost]

Datta, A, Ahmed, N. and Tripathi, R. (26 Oct 2018) #MeToo has arrived in India, and it’s changing how technology is used to fight injustice. The Conversation UK. [Republished in Scroll.In, Quartz]

Datta, A (9 June 2016) Three big challenges for smart cities and how to solve them. The Conversation.

Datta, A (27 January 2016) Will India’s experiment with smart cities tackle poverty or make it worse? The Conversation. [Republished in Scroll.In, Quartz]

Datta, A (22nd May 2015) ‘Smartness Inc.’ openDemocracy digital commons

Datta, A (17th April 2014) ‘India’s smart city craze: Big, green and doomed from the start?’ Guardian.

Datta, A. (7th Jan 2014)   ‘Why Student Fieldtrips make an Impact’, Guardian Higher Education blog.

Datta, A (18th Sept 2013) City forgotten: India’s mega-urbanization and the fate of its towns. openDemocracy digital commons

Datta, A (6th August 2013) City bypassed: The casualties of Mumbai’s urban renewal. openDemocracy digital commons

Datta, A (21st May 2013) The Myth of resettlement in Delhi, openDemocracy digital commons.


Selected Films/Exhibition/Podcasts

My teaching philosophy responds to the changing landscape of HE in the UK addressing skills and employability, widening participation and commitment to service. I have delivered research-led teaching at undergraduate and postgraduate levels using innovative visual and interdisciplinary approaches of digital co-learning, film-making and co-production with students, thus delivering high student satisfaction. My work has fed directly into UK Geography curriculum, by authoring a Higher Education Academy (HEA) resource ‘Negotiating differences: A resource for enhancing learning and capacity building in fieldwork’, which has been adopted by geography departments for use in their field work preparation. Recently I have recorded a podcast on smart cities for Royal Geographic Society in their #AskTheGeographer series, geared towards Geography School teachers.


Thinking Geographically

Development Geography

Geographies of Infrastructure

Postgraduate (MSc Urban Studies)

Cities, Space and Power



  • Simone Veglio 2019 Urban transformations in postcolonial Latin America: Buenos Aires, Mexico City and Brasilia.
  • Alvarez Velasco Soledad 2019 Trespassing the visible: the production of Ecuador as a global transit zone for international migrants moving towards the U.S.-Mexico corridor.
  • Aila Spathapolou 2019 Migrants’ uneven geographies in ‘Greek’ Europe: ‘Routes’, ‘Transit’ points, and troubling categories at the uneasy borderlands.
  • Nabati Ray 2018 Impacts of Retail Transformation on Key Stakeholders in the Indian State of West Bengal
  • James Keddie Negotiating urban change in gentrifying London: experiences of long-term residents and early gentrifiers in Bermondsey.
  • Melissa Fernandez-Arrigoitia - Constructing 'the other', practicing resistance: public housing and community politics in Puerto Rico.