Dr Peter JS Jones
Reader in Environmental Governance
Department of Geography
University College London (UCL)
Pearson Building (Room G24)
London WC1E 6BT
- "The scientific case for Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) is now overwhelming. The bigger question is how can they be managed more effectively?" Special Report by Horatio Morpurgo published in The Ecologist based on my book
- Evidence provided at Commons Environmental Audit Select Committee Inquiry - Marine Protected Areas Revisited (Wednesday 13 December). Transcript of evidence session (Q37 onwards for Peter's panel session) & video of evidence session on Parliament TV (Peter’s session begins at 11:40:34). Dept News Article
- Quoted in Nature news article 'World's largest marine reserve hailed as diplomatic breakthrough'
- The race for vast remote ‘marine protected areas’ may be a diversion: article in The Conversation and The Guardian based on a new paper in Marine Policy (published version and copy of paper). Department of Geography news article and press release on media coverage of this paper.
- Recent critical analysis Open Access paper: Marine Spatial Planning in Reality: introduction and discussion paper in a special section of Marine Policy. Open Access link to paper
- Coordinated the governance stream of recent international conference 10X20 (7-9 March 2016, Rome), including , drawing on the MPAG project. Led to Call to Action and Scientists' Consensus Statement. Further information
- Paperback version of
- Invited contribution to commissioned book published, based on MPAG project: pp.623-626 of ‘Chapter 20 - Marine Protected Area Management’ in (2015). Legacy document from the World Parks Congress, entire and available as free download
1985 - BSc Biological Sciences, Portsmouth Polytechnic, specialising in marine ecology
1988 - MSc Marine Resource Development and Protection, Heriot-Watt University
1997 - PhD Value conflicts underlying the governance of marine protected areas, Heriot-Watt University
1997 - Research Fellow, Jackson Environment Institute, University College London
2000 - Senior Research Fellow, Jackson Environment Institute, University College London
2001 - Lecturer, Dept of Geography, University College London
2010 - Senior Lecturer, Dept of Geography, University College London
2015 - Reader in Environmental Governance, Dept of Geography, University College London
Peter specialises in research on different approaches to governing human uses of marine ecosystems. He is internationally recognised as an authority on marine protected area, marine spatial planning and fisheries governance issues, with a particular focus on how state, market and participative approaches can be combined to achieve strategic conservation objectives. He has been an advisor to the European Common Fisheries Policy and England's conservation agency on marine protected area governance and recently undertook a project for the United Nations Environment Programme to analyse how different approaches can be combined to effectively govern marine protected areas, based on 20 case studies around the world (www.mpag.info). He also led a work programme on governance as part of a project on the monitoring and evaluation of spatially managed marine areas (www.mesma.org) to support the development and implementation of marine spatial planning in Europe's seas
Jones P.J.S. (2014) Governing Marine Protected Areas - resilience through diversity. Earthscan/Routledge, pp.256. See Earthscan site for seven very positive reviews and to use 20% discount code DC361 to buy book of this book and invited the comment . Nature has published a Assess Governance Structures, based on this book. Also see - review by Bob Earll - article on scale challenges for MPA networks - Living Seas blog - MPA News interview, and MPAG project web site for more information on this book.,
Journal papers (40)
Katsanevakis S., Mackelworth P., Coll M., Fraschetti. S, Mačić V., Giakoumi S., Jones P.J.S et al. (2017) Advancing marine conservation in European and contiguous seas with the MarCons Action. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3: e11884. doi:10.3897/rio.3.e11884
Jones P.J.S and De Santo E.M. (2016) Viewpoint – Is the race for remote, very large marine protected areas (VLMPAs) taking us down the wrong track? Marine Policy 73, 231-234. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2016.08.015 - copy of paper. See article in The Conversation and The Guardian. Department of Geography news article and press release on all media coverage of this paper.
Jones P.J.S., Lieberknecht L.M. and Qiu W. ( Marine Policy 71, 256-264, Open Access doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2016.04.026. Draws on 12 case studies, including eight case study papers in the special section Marine Spatial Planning in Reality, based on the governance stream of the MESMA project.) Marine Spatial Planning in reality: introduction to case studies and discussion of findings.
Lieberknecht L.M. and Jones P.J.S. (2016) From stormy seas to the doldrums: The challenges of navigating towards an ecologically coherent MPA network through England’s Marine Conservation Zone process. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2016.05.023 - Copy of paper. One of eight case study papers in the special section on Marine Spatial Planning in Reality, based on the governance stream of the MESMA project.71, 275-284.
Geijer C.K.A and Jones P.J.S. (2015) A network approach to migratory whale conservation: are MPAs the way forward or do all roads lead to the IMO? Marine Policy 51, 1-12. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2014.06.002
Solandt J.L.S., Jones P.J.S., Duval-Diop D., Kleiven A.R. and Frangoudes K. (2014) Governance challenges in scaling up from individual MPAs to MPA networks. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 24 (S2), 145-152. doi:10.1002/aqc.2504
Jones P.J.S (2014) Assess Governance Structures. Nature, 515, 31. doi:10.1038/515028a. Invited comment as part of a “to-do list for the world's parks” to coincide with the World Parks Congress, Sydney, November 2014
Jones P.J.S., De Santo E.M., Qiu W and Vestergaard O. (2013) Introduction: an empirical framework for deconstructing the realities of governing marine protected areas. Marine Policy 41, 1-4. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.12.025 - Copy of paper, introductory article to special issue drawing on Marine Protected Area Governance Project
Jones P.J.S., Qiu W. and De Santo E.M (2013) Governing Marine Protected Areas: social-ecological resilience through institutional diversity. Marine Policy 41, 5-13. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.12.026 - Copy of paper, synthesis article of special issue drawing on Marine Protected Area Governance Project
Jones P.J.S. (2013) A Governance Analysis of the Galápagos Marine Reserve. Marine Policy 41, 14-24 doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.12.019 - Copy of paper, case study in special issue drawing on Marine Protected Area Governance Project
Roberts T. and Jones P.J.S. (2013) North East Kent European Marine Site: overcoming barriers to conservation through community engagement. Marine Policy 41, 33-40. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.12.016; case study in special issue drawing on Marine Protected Area Governance Project
Jones P.J.S. (2013) Governing protected areas to fulfil biodiversity conservation obligations: from Habermasian ideals to a more instrumental reality. Environment, Development and Sustainability 15(1), 39-50. doi:10.1007/s10668-012-9375-3 - Copy of paper
Stelzenmüller V., Breen P., Thomsen F., Badalamenti F., Borja A., Buhl-Mortensen L., Carlstöm J., D’Anna G., Dankers N., Degraer S., Dujin M., Fiorentino F., Galparsoro I., Giakoumi S., Gristina M., Johnson K., Jones P.J.S. et al. (2013) Monitoring and evaluation of spatially managed areas: a generic framework for implementation of ecosystem based marine management and its applications. Marine Policy 37(1),149-164. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.04.012
Jones P.J.S. (2012) Marine Protected Areas in the UK: challenges in combining top-down and bottom-up approaches to governance. Environmental Conservation 39(3), 248-258. Open Access - doi:10.1017/S0376892912000136. See also an article in Fishing News that discusses some of the points from this paper.
Fenburg P.B., Caselle J., Claudet J., Clemence M., Gaines S., García-Charton J.A., Gonçalves E., Grorud-Colvert K., Guidetti P., Jenkins S., Jones P.J.S. et al. (2012) The science of European marine reserves: status, efficacy and needs. Marine Policy 36(5), 1012-1021. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.021 - Copy of paper. Based on European edition of PISCO Science of Marine Reserves series
Fleming D.M. and Jones P.J.S. (2012) Challenges to achieving greater and fairer stakeholder involvement in marine spatial planning as illustrated by the Lyme Bay scallop dredging closure. Marine Policy 36(2), 370-377. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2011.07.006
Appleby T. and Jones P.J.S. (2012) The marine and coastal access act - A hornets’ nest? Marine Policy 36(1), 73-77. doi:10.1016/ j.marpol.2011.03.009
McCay B.J. and Jones P.J.S. (2011) Marine protected areas and the governance of marine ecosystems and fisheries. Conservation Biology 25(6), 1130-1133. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2011.01771.x - Copy of paper. Invited essay in special issue marking 25th anniversary of this journal.
Katsanevakis S., Stelzenmüller V., South A., Sørensen T.K., Jones P.J.S. et al. (2011) Ecosystem-based marine spatial management: review of concepts, policies, tools, and critical issues. Ocean and Coastal Management 54(1), 807-820. doi:10.1016/ocecoaman.2011.09.002
Gerhardinger L.C., Godoy E.A.S., Jones P.J.S., Sales, G. and Ferreira, B.P. (2011) Marine Protected Dramas: the flaws of the Brazilian system of marine protected areas. Environmental Management 47(4), 630-643. doi:10.1007/s00267-010-9554-7
Roberts T. and Jones P.J.S. (2009) Shellfishing, eider ducks and nature conservation on the Wash: questions raised by a fractured partnership. Society & Natural Resources 22(6), 538-553. doi:10.1080/08941920802029706 - Copy of paper
Jones P.J.S. and Carpenter A. (2009) Crossing the divide: the challenges of designing an ecologically coherent and representative network of MPAs for the UK. Marine Policy 33(5), 737-743. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2009.02.006 - Copy of paper
Gerhardinger L.C., Godoy E.A.S. and Jones P.J.S. (2009) Local ecological knowledge and the management of marine protected areas in Brazil. Ocean & Coastal Management 52(3-4), 147-232. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2008.12.007
Brunner E.J., Jones P.J.S., Friel S. and Bartley M. (2009) Fish, human health and marine ecosystem health: policies in collision? International Journal of Epidemiology 38(1), 93-100. doi:10.1093/ije/dyn157
Jones P.J.S. (2008) Fishing industry and related perspectives on the issues raised by no-take marine protected area proposals. Marine Policy 32(4), 749-758. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2007.12.009 - Copy of paper
De Santo E.M. and Jones P.J.S. (2007) The Darwin Mounds – from undiscovered coral to the development of an offshore marine protected area regime. Bulletin of Marine Science 81(s1), 147-156. Copy of paper
Jones P.J.S. (2007) Point of View - Arguments for conventional fisheries management and against no-take marine protected areas: only half of the story? Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 17(1), 31-43. Open Access doi:10.1007/s11160-006-9016-8
De Santo E.M. and Jones P.J.S. (2007) Offshore marine conservation policies in the North East Atlantic: emerging tensions and opportunities. Marine Policy 31(3), 336-347. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2006.10.001 - Copy of paper
Jones P.J.S. (2006) The Marine Bill: cornucopia or Pandora’s Box? ECOS: A Review of Conservation 27(2), 1-6 (Editorial in a special issue on the Marine Bill of the journal of the British Association of Nature Conservationists). Copy of edited paper - Original full version of paper
Jones P.J.S. and Burgess J. (2005) Building partnership capacity for the collaborative management of marine protected areas in the UK: a preliminary analysis. Journal of Environmental Management 77(3), pp 227-243. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.04.004 - Copy of paper
Davos C.A., Jones P.J.S, Side J.C. and Siakavara K. (2002) Attitudes towards participation in cooperative coastal management: four European case studies. Coastal Management 30(3), pp 209-220. doi:10.1080/08920750290042165 - Copy of paper
Jones P.J.S (2001) Marine protected area strategies: issues, divergences and the search for middle ground. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11(3), pp 197-216. Open Access - errata. This paper is classified by the publishers and ISI as being a 2001 paper so 2001 is the correct citation date, not 2002.
Edwards S.D., Jones P.J.S. and Nowell D.E. (1997) Participation in coastal zone management initiatives: a review and analysis of examples from the UK. Ocean & Coastal Management 36(1-3), pp 143-165. Main & contact author of this paper. doi:10.1016/S0964-5691(97)00011-2 - Copy of paper
Day J.C., Laffoley D., Zischka K., Gilliland P., Gjerde K., Jones P.J.S., Knott J., McCook L., Milam A., Mumby P. and Wilhelm A. (2015) ‘’ in (eds) Worboys G.L., Lockwood M., Kothari A., Feary S. and Pulsford I. (2015) , Australian National University Press, Canberra. Invited contribution to commissioned book as a legacy document from the World Parks Congress, pp.623-626 based on MPAG project; entire book and the are available as a free download.
Jones P.J.S. (1999) Economic and sociocultural priorities for marine conservation. pp 354 -365 in (Kaiser, M.J. and de Groot S.J., Eds) Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats: biological, conservation and socio-economic issues. Blackwell Science, Oxford. Copy of chapter
Jones P.J.S. (2014) Progress, challenges and prospects for marine protected areas in the UK. Keynote presentation at 2nd Marine and Coastal Policy Forum.
Jones P.J.S. (2012) Governing marine protected area: resilience through diversity. Opening plenary talk at the Global Marine Protected Area Enforcement conference, San Francisco. Based on findings of the MPA Governance project.
Jones P.J.S., Qiu, W. and De Santo E.M. (2011) Governing marine protected areas: getting the balance right. Invited keynote address at Nordic Council of Ministers and Food and Agriculture Organisation conference Exploring the Role of MPAs in Reconciling Fisheries Management with Conservation. 29-31 March 2011, Institute of Marine Research, Norway. Based on UNEP report
Jones P.J.S. (2008) Governing protected areas to fulfil biodiversity conservation obligations: from Habermasian ideals to a more instrumental reality? Paper presented at the 12th Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons - Governing shared resources: connecting local experience to global challenges. 14-18 July 2008, University of Gloucestershire, UK. Subsequently revised and published as paper - Jones (2013).
Jones P.J.S. (2007) Arguments for conventional fisheries management and against no-take marine protected areas: only half of the story? Invited keynote address, European Symposium on Marine Protected Areas as a Tool for Fisheries Management and Ecosystem Conservation, 25-28 Sept 2007, Murcia, Spain. Based on published paper: doi:10.1007/s11160-006-9016-8. Copy of paper
Richardson J., Reilly J. and Jones P.J.S. (2003) Community and public participation: risk communication and improving decision making in flood and coastal defence. Presentation at 38th DEFRA Flood & Coastal Management Conference, Keele University, 16-18 July 2003; based on report to DEFRA/EA from Scott-Wilson on R&D project under the Flood & Coastal Defence Research Programme: Policy Development theme. PDF of conference paper
Jones P.J.S. (2000) Stakeholder participation in coastal management: horses for courses. Atlantic Living Coastlines Conference, University of Plymouth, 3-4 Feb 2000.
Jones P.J.S., Side J.C., Kerr S., Brooksbank J and Pelling M. (1995) The use and appropriateness of contingent valuation in the context of the strategic management of the Forth Estuary. pp 195-196 in (McLusky, D.S., Ed.) Coastal zone topics: process, ecology & management, 3. The estuaries of central Scotland. Natural History Book Service, Totnes, Devon
Jones P.J.S and Kerr S. (1995) The potential role of environmental management and conflict resolution techniques in the coastal zone. pp 57-75 in proceedings (Whitmarsh, D., Ed.) Management techniques in the coastal zone. Centre for Coastal Zone Management, 24-25 October 1994, University of Portsmouth.
Jones P.J.S., Qiu W. and Lieberknecht L.M. (2013) Approaches for addressing conflicts in the MESMA case studies. Deliverable 6.2 of MESMA Work Package 6 (Governance). See main points and discussion on them
Jones P.J.S., Qiu W. and Lieberknecht L.M. (2013) Tool box of incentives for the governance of spatially managed marine areas. Deliverable 6.3 of MESMA Work Package 6 (Governance). See main points and discussion on them.
Lieberknecht L.M, Qiu W. and Jones P.J.S. (2013) Celtic Sea Case Study Governance Analysis: Finding Sanctuary and England’s Marine Conservation Zone process - Full Report - Summary Report. Case study contribution to the MESMA project.
Jones P.J.S., Qiu, W. and De Santo E.M. (2011) Governing marine protected areas: getting the balance right. Nature news feature 'Ocean Conservation: uncertain sanctuary' discusses some of the findings of this report and the editorial of this issue of Nature discusses this news feature: 'Troubled Waters'
Jones P.J.S. (2007) Fishing industry and related views on no-take marine protected area proposals in SW England. Research Report, Department of Geography, UCL. Download
Stevens T., Jones P.J.S., Howell K. and Mee L. (2006) Methods for managing Marine Protected Areas: options for establishing and managing a marine protected area system in the UK. Report to Natural England. Download Report
Richardson J., Floyd P., Jones P.J.S., Sheate W (2003) Community and public participation: risk communication and improving decision making in flood and coastal defence. Report to DEFRA/EA from Scott-Wilson on R&D project under the Flood & Coastal Defence Research Programme: Policy Development theme.See DEFRA project web site. PDF of project report.
Jones P.J.S., Burgess J. and Bhattachary D. (2001) An evaluation of approaches for promoting relevant authority and stakeholder participation in European marine sites in the UK . English Nature (UK Marine SACs Project). ISBN 1 85716 584 5. Download a pdf copy of the Final Report or the Summary Final Report. See Abstract or copy of paper that analyses these findings.
Jones P.J.S. (2001) Recommendations concerning approaches for promoting relevant authority and stakeholder participation in marine SACs in the Azores. Report to the LIFE MARÉ Project. Download a pdf copy of the Final Report
Fry V.E and Jones P.J.S. (2000) The development of meaningful indicators of estuary management partnership success. Report to English Nature (Estuaries Initiative). Download a pdf copy of the Final Report or the Summary Final Report
Fry V.E and Jones P.J.S. (2000) A workshop on information sources and needs for the Essex Estuaries Initiative. Report to the Essex Estuaries Initiative of workshop, 7 Sept 2000, Colchester.
Brooksbank J.C. and Jones P.J.S. (1999) A research strategy for the Essex Estuaries European marine site. Report to the Essex Estuaries Initiative of workshop, 15 April 1999, Colchester.
Clark J.V., Jones P.J.S. and Brown J. (1998) Stakeholder decision analysis process: a report of the Severn Estuary Strategy workshops.
Clark J., Burgess J., Dando N., Bhattachary D., Heppell K., Jones P., Murlis J. and Wood P. (1998) Prioritising the issues in Local Environment Agency Plans through consensus building with stakeholder groups. Environment and Society Research Unit, Dept of Geography, University College London. R&D Project Record W4/001/1, Environment Agency, Bristol.
Davos C.A., Side J.C., Jones P.J.S., Siakavara K., La Roca, F. Garcia E., Burone F. and Kerkhove G. (1997) The role of Value Conflict Assessment Techniques (VALCOAST) in the formulation of implementable and effective coastal zone management policies. A Report to the European Commission (DG XII-D5). Volume 1 - Main report of the study. Volume 2 - Appendices: (1) Case study reports; (2) The research instrument.
Jones P.J.S., Side J.C., Kerr S., Brooksbank J.C. and Pelling M. (1995) The use and appropriateness of environmental valuation in a strategic coastal management initiative. Report to Scottish Natural Heritage under the Firths Initiative by the Institute of Offshore Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh.
Jones P.J.S. (1991) An assessment of the long term fate and environmental consequences of the oily cuttings pile beneath the Valhall Platform and a review of potential treatment/disposal options. Report to Amoco (Norway) Oil Company by the Institute of Offshore Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh.
Jones P.J.S (1988) An investigation into the bacterial Beggiatoa mats covering the experimental oily cuttings pile in Loch Ewe. Report to the Institute of Petroleum.
My research is focused on marine ecosystem governance issues, with a particular focus on those raised by marine protected area and marine spatial planning initiatives as a means of achieving biodiversity and fisheries conservation objectives. It is both inter-disciplinary, crossing social-natural sciences, and translational, bringing theoretical perspectives to real challenges, contributing to both theories and practices. In terms of environmental sociology, rather than adopting a structure or agency approach to analysing governance issues, my research adopts a realist institutional analysis approach, whereby the interactions between structure and agency and their co-evolution are the focus. In terms of environmental governance, my research challenges the widely held view that people-focused (neo-institutional) and/or market-focused (neoliberal) approaches should be the focus of governance. My empirical work on marine ecosystem governance is premised on arguments that a combination of governance approaches is required, and that state-focused (neo-Hobbesian) approaches are also of critical importance. My research is recognised as challenging the current dominance of neo-institutional and neoliberal views, employing empirical analyses of marine protected area and marine spatial planning governance case studies to support the argument that whilst both people and market-focused governance approaches are important, the state plays a key role in steering markets and people, and that the state’s role is critically important if strategic conservation objectives and obligations are to be fulfilled and institutuional resilience to the potentially perturbing effects of driving forces is to be developed.
Current Research Projects
Marine protected area governance (MPAG)
This research explores questions relating to the effective and equitable governance of marine protected areas (MPAs) and options for addressing them. A key theme is that MPA governance needs to combine participative, legal and economic approaches. Building on ideas concerning the governance of common-pool resources, this research employs a more holistic and less prescriptive theoretical and empirical framework for analysing case studies on the governance of MPAs. This trans-disciplinary approach is aimed at supporting the development of MPA governance approaches that build social-ecological resilience through both institutional and biological diversity. This builds on the argument that diversity is the key to resilience, both of species in ecosystems and incentives in governance systems. This research originally involved 20 case studies from around the world, funded by UNEP, culminating in the publication of the book Governing Marine Protected Areas: resilience through diversity. Details of previous special issue of the journal Marine Policy and related outputs available at MPAG website, along with news on some more recent initiatives as part of this project (see briefing on all these developments):-
- 23 further MPAG case studies around the world have been undertaken, 16 of which, along with 18 from the original 20 case studies (published in book), are being subject to a new multiple case study analysis of the governance of 34 MPAs for a forthcoming paper and special section;
- drawing on MPAG findings for UN Call to Action and Scientists' Consensus Statement under the 10X20 MPA capacity building initiative by the Government of Italy, the Ocean Sanctuary Alliance and UNEP.
- development of MPAG training and interpretation materials with funding from UNEP.
Monitoring and evaluation of spatially managed marine areas (MESMA)
November 2009 - October 2013. Dr Peter Jones was part of this consortium of researchers around the EU that was awarded a € 6.6 million (UCL € 0.67 million) grant under the European Commission's 7th Framework Programme. Dr Jones led the overarching work programme on governance issues, that analysed different approaches to implementing marine spatial planning. The MESMA project involved 21 research organisations from 12 EU and related countries. The outputs of the special section of Marine Policy, are now available (listed/linked here including key findings), based on 12 case studies in and around the EU on marine spatial planning; builds on previous related blog and presentation at Coastal Futures conference: Emerging tensions between blue growth and good environmental status, keynote at OECD Workshop: Marine Protected Areas and Marine Spatial Planning: co-evolution or competition? and presentation at final MESMA workshop MSP: who is at the helm?; also see transcript of online discussion on these findings.governance analyses, including five papers and a
Journal editorial roles
International Editorial Board Member: Marine Policy (since January 2004). Manuscript reviewer for AMBIO Journal of the Human Environment; Advances in Marine Biology, Aquatic Conservation; Biological Conservation; Coastal Management; Conservation Biology; Conservation Letters; Environmental Conservation; Environmental Policy and Governance; Environmental Politics; Global Environmental Change; Journal of Environmental Assessment, Policy and Management; Journal of Environmental Management; Journal of Environmental Planning and Management; Oryx; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; The Geographical Journal; Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.
Marine Management Organisation (MMO) Appointee to the Sussex Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authority (since October 2010)
Evidence provided at Commons Environmental Audit Select Committee Inquiry - Marine Protected Areas Revisited (Wednesday 13 December). Transcript of evidence session (Q37 onwards for Peter's panel session) - video of evidence session on Parliament TV (Peter’s session begins at 11:40:34) - Dept News Article. The panel was asked to respond to a number of specific questions concerning marine protected areas (MPAs) and related UK policies. Peter emphasised that a more holistic focus on the integrity of MPA ecosystems is needed rather than the present reductive evidence-hungry focus on specific features, such as particular species, and their vulnerability to specific activities, and that no-take zones, where all fishing and other extractive activities is banned, must be implemented for effective ecosystem protection, covering, to start with, at least 10% of the UK’s sea area. He also argued that effective protection must now begin to engage with the EC’s Common Fisheries Policy for all MPAs beyond 6 nautical miles, otherwise Brexit paralysis could fatally stall the process for these offshore MPA designations and they will remain merely as ineffective ‘paper parks’. Overall, he concluded that the UK government should consider and present MPAs as opportunities that can yield benefits, not just as restrictions that represent costs.
Coordinated governance stream of a recent international conference (7-9 March 2016, Rome) to support the achievement of a globally agreed target to conserve at least 10% of coastal & marine areas by 2020 (SDG 14, Target 5). This is part of the Ocean Sanctuary Alliance’s 10X20 initiative, in collaboration with the Government of Italy, the United Nations Environment Programme and the Caribbean Environment Programme. The first two days of the conference involved 25 international experts in discussions on good practice for measures to designate and promote the effectiveness of marine protected areas (MPAs), focusing on science, governance and finance. During the third day, diplomatic representatives from 33 countries from around the world joined the conference to agree a Call to Action and Scientists' Consensus Statement. These outputs aim to provide a “road map” for moving forward on achieving the 10% marine protection target, as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This will help guide national governments, United Nations agencies and development donors in MPA projects around the world, promoting MPAs that are designated on the basis of the best available science, that are effectively and equitably governed, and that contribute to sustainable development and are financially sustainable. Peter was invited to give a and lead the governance stream in order to draw on the findings of the international MPA Governance project that he runs, particularly the rationale and case studies discussed in his recent book Governing Marine Protected Areas: resilience through diversity.
Keynote at OECD Workshop on The Future of Maritime Spatial Planning: What Potential for Economic Tools and Satellite Technology?, Lisbon, Portugal, 4-5 June 2015. My presentation: Marine Protected Areas and Marine Spatial Planning: co-evolution or competition? - discusses the evolutionary links between MPAs & MSP, and argues that integrated-use MSP is becoming a competitor to ecosystem-based MSP, leading to the marginalisation of MPAs.
Invited contribution to legacy document for practitioners and researchers from the World Parks Congress: Day J.C., Laffoley D., Zischka K., Gilliland P., Gjerde K., Jones P.J.S., Knott J., McCook L., Milam A., Mumby P. and Wilhelm A. (2015) ‘’ in (eds) Worboys G.L., Lockwood M., Kothari A., Feary S. and Pulsford I. (2015) , Australian National University Press, Canberra, pp.623-626, based on MPAG project; entire book and the are available as a free download.
Submitted written (pp.240-241) and oral evidence (pp.3-41; video, starts at 4 mins, 10 December 2014) to House of Lords EU Agriculture, Fisheries, Environment and Energy Sub-Committee inquiry on Regional Marine Co-operation - see report (March 2015)
Contributed to (June 2014): Technical Paper for Convention on Biological Diversity: Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) in response to CBD COP 10 decision x/29. Previously an expert reviewer of related report: Marine Spatial Planning in the Context of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD Technical Series No. 68, November 2012, available via the Global Environment Facility) and contributor (see presentation Ecological Connectivity Through Institutional Connectivity) to break-out session on Ecosystem-based Coastal Planning and Management at UNEP Global Conference on Land Ocean Interactions, Manila, The Philippines (January 2012)
The outputs of the Monitoring and Evaluation of Spatially Managed Marine Areas (MESMA) project include analyses of the actual realities of implementing marine spatial planning in Europe (see summary of main points) and provide guidance to MPA practitioners and related policy-makers on how to address the challenges posed by these realities. These outputs are listed here.
Invited to contribute to training event on Social, Economic and Institutional Perspectives in the Co-management of MPAs (September 2013, Murcia, Spain) organised by the EC funded Training Network for Monitoring Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas, which "aims to train the next generation of MPA scientists and managers, equipping them with a flexible set of skills essential within a wide range of professional environments".
Presentation on the implications of MPAs for port development at conference on Marine Protected Area implications: working together to achieve sustainable development (November 2012). High level policy and port operator forum, which included an update from Richard Benyon, (then) Minister for the Natural Environment, Water and Rural Affairs, and was chaired by Lord Ambrose Greenway, joint chair of the All-Party Ports and Maritime Group.
Invited to provide a briefing and answer questions at the opening session of an Inquiry into Marine Policy in Wales (October 2012), Environment and Sustainability Committee, National Assembly for Wales.
Submitted evidence (Ev w1-2) to DEFRA’s Marine Science Co-ordination Committee on the evidence basis for marine conservation zone proposals (August 2012)
Co-chaired working group that produced the European version of the Science of Marine Reserves (2011) in collaboration with Partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans (PISCO, California), funded by Natural England and distributed to marine protected area practitioners all over the EU. Collates and translates research for MPA policy-makers and practitioners. See published and copy version of related paper.
Led research in collaboration with UNEP and the IUCN and production of guidance report Marine Protected Area Governance: getting the balance right (March 2011). Involved over 25 of the world’s experts on MPA governance issues through 20 case studies. Nature news feature 'Ocean Conservation: uncertain sanctuary' discusses some of the findings of this report and the editorial of this issue of Nature discusses this news feature: 'Troubled Waters'. This report has provided guidance on how to combine different approaches in order to more effectively govern MPAs to practitioners all over the world. This report was launched at an invited keynote address at Nordic Council of Ministers and Food and Agriculture Organisation conference Exploring the Role of MPAs in Reconciling Fisheries Management with Conservation, 29-31 March 2011, Institute of Marine Research, Norway.
Presentation on five key challenges for modernised marine management framework to address at Westminster Forum on Fisheries and the Marine Environment, 10 November 2010. High level Whitehall briefing and forum event for senior policy and corporate representatives.
Invited as an expert lecturer on advanced course for professionals - Establishment and management of marine protected areas for fisheries, International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies, Zaragoza, Spain, 8-13 March, 2010.
Contributed to report to DEFRA on Determining how and what to take into account in the planning of marine protected area networks – socio-economic data (ABPMER January 2010)
Submitted Memorandum of Evidence on the role of the precautionary principle in justifying highly protected marine reserves (DMB3, Ev 145-147, Volume II of JCDMB Report) to the Parliament's Joint Committee on the Draft Marine Bill (JCDMB). This evidence was cited in supporting the Joint Committee's Recommendation that the precautionary principle should be employed to select Marine Conservation Zones where there is limited knowledge (para. 126, page 55, Volume I of JCDMB Report (2008).
In relation to the EC's Common Fisheries Policy (DG Fisheries), contributed to deliberations and first author of concluding sections of final report (pp. 128-133) of Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee on Fisheries (STECF) sub-group: Evaluation of Closed Areas (October 2007); also reviewed deep sea fisheries assessments for the International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES, March 2008).
Contributed to guidance document to the government's conservation agency (Natural England) on Methods for managing Marine Protected Areas: options for establishing and managing a marine protected area system (December 2007); feedback from several Natural England marine officers indicates that this guidance has been drawn on by many MPA managers. This guidance builds on previous guidance (2001) produced under the UK Marine SACs project (funded under the EC LIFE programme) to which I contributed on approaches for promoting relevant authority and stakeholder participation in European Marine Sites in the UK. Similar advice was provided in relation to marine SACs in the Azores. In this respect, I was also appointed as a member of English Nature's Marine Science Technical Advisory Group (Dec 2003 – July 2006).
Contributed to report to Countryside Council for Wales Highly Protected Marine Reserves – Evidence of Benefits and Opportunities for Marine Biodiversity in Wales (December 2006)
Wrote a publicity and campaign briefing for Wildlife & Countryside LINK on why the weaknesses of the marine nature reserve provisions should not be repeated in the Marine Bill (November 2006).
Contributed to DEFRA project and report to "identify, develop and evaluate methods for communicating flood and erosion risk and uncertainties to a range of stakeholders. This will lead to consistency and best practice in communicating flood and erosion risk and hazard, and to improve understanding of risk and uncertainty among stakeholders, and support moves to risk-based planning guidance" (DEFRA 2003)
Reviewer of marine research proposals/reports for DEFRA, ESRC, NERC, Natural England, Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Canadian Parks & Wilderness Society, and Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Also review book proposals related to marine ecosystem governance for publishers, particularly Earthscan.
I convene one core module for the : Rural Matrix (), as well as one optional module: Marine Conservation (). I also contribute to the module Conservation and Environmental Management ()
I convene and teach on the 2nd year Geography module Environment & Society () and the 3rd year Geography module Environment & Society II: governing human uses of protected areas (GEOG3070).
Office Hours 12.30 - 2.00 pm Tuesday & 12.30 - 2.00 pm Thursday but as absence during these hours is sometimes unavoidable, please email P.J.Jones@ucl.ac.uk to check availability and make an appointment.
Seeof Peter teaching on a field study looking at managing coastal change, Tollesbury Marshes, Blackwater estuary, Essex.
Other academic roles
Marine MSc programme: Marine Resource Development & Protection/Marine Biodiversity & Biotechnology/Climate Change: Managing the Marine Environment, Heriot-Watt University (2010/11-2013/14); BSc Environmental Management/Biology/Science, Imperial College (2003/04-2006/07); BSc Marine Resource Management, University of Aberdeen (2003/04-2005/06); Diploma in Ecology and Conservation, Birkbeck College ( 2002/03-2006/07).
Current PhD Students
Steve Long - Sustainable fishing in the Arctic: can the harvest of Greenland’s biggest export be compatible with the conservation of benthic ecosystems? (subsidiary supervisor; UCL London NERC DTP)
Ruth Murray - A meta-analysis of MPA governance case studies and in-depth analysis of MPAs in Central America (primary supervisor; self-funded)
Alix Green - Protecting the oceans meadows: increasing the protection of seagrass habitats through diversification of incentives. Assessment of carbon fixing potential of seagrasses and governance analyses of MPAs as designations for Blue Carbon initiatives (primary supervisor; UCL London NERC DTP)
Rosemary De Vos - A governance analysis of Marine Parks in South Australia (primary supervisor; partially funded by Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources)
Daniela Lainez - Articulating Sustainability and Conservation in Marine Protected Areas in Northern Peru (primary supervisor; LASPAU funded with additional fieldwork funds from WWF Russell E Train Fellowship, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo Scott Neotropical Fund and RGS Dudley Stamp Memorial Award)
Matthew Fortnam - Transformations of marine governance: an analysis of processes that change the trajectories of social-ecological systems, with a particular focus on coral reefs in the Philippines (primary supervisor; ESRC funded)
Lucia Perez - A governance analysis of MPAs in Galicia, Spain (primary supervisor; self funded; part-time)
Thuy Duong Khuu - The governance of marine protected areas in Vietnam for sustainable fisheries and biodiversity conservation (subsidiary supervisor, Institute for Sustainable Resources, UCL; BHP Billiton scholarship)
Holly Niner - An analysis of cases and issues related to marine biodiversity offsetting in Australia (subsidiary supervisor, UCL Australia; BHP Billiton scholarship)
Past PhD students
Minsuk Jun (2014) - An analysis of different perspectives on MPA designation processes in California. Thesis
Wanfei Qiu (2010) Governing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in China: towards the repositioning of the central state and the empowerment of local communities. Thesis - Papers: Qiu et al. (2009); Qiu (2013). Now Policy Advisor, China Institute for Marine Affairs, Beijing.
Tom Roberts (2009) People and the Sea: building partnerships to manage European Marine Sites. Thesis - Papers: Roberts and Jones (2009); Roberts and Jones (2013). Now Research Fellow, University of Surrey.
Elizabeth De Santo (2008) Offshore marine conservation in the North-East Atlantic: opportunities and challenges for the developing regime. Thesis - Papers: De Santo and Jones (2007a); De Santo and Jones (2007b); De Santo (2013). Now Assistant Professor, Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Peter Mackelworth (2007) An analysis of issues concerning the designation and management of the Lošinj archipelago MPA, Croatia. Thesis - Paper: Mackelworth et al. (2013). Now Conservation Director, Blue World, Croatia.
Chung HS (2015) Environmental justice and marine protected areas: developing environmental justice-based marine protected areas. Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS), Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts, University of Wollongong, Australia (external examiner)
Miller A (2014) Governance innovation networks for sustainable tuna. Centre for Marine Policy, Wageningen University (external examiner)
Abecasis R (2013) The human dimensions of marine protected area establishment in remote island settings: a case study in the Archipelago of the Azores. School of Earth and Environment, University of Western Australia (external examiner)
Carter C (2012) Tourism, conservation and development around a marine protected area in Kenya. Department of Anthropology, UCL (internal examiner)
Kusakabe E (2011) Renascent social capital in Japanese communities: networks for building a sustainable society. The Bartlett School of Architecture, Building, Environmental Design & Planning, UCL (internal examiner)
Ponnampalam LS (2008) Ecological studies and conservation of small cetaceans in the Sultanate of Oman, with special reference to spinner dolphins, Stenella longirostris. Millport Marine Biological Station, University of London (internal examiner)
Leujak W (2006) Monitoring of coral communities in South Sinai with particular reference to visitor impacts. Millport Marine Biological Station, University of London (internal examiner)
Smith TF (2002) Australian estuary management: drivers and perspectives. University of New South Wales (external examiner)