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UCL Home  /  Geography  /  People  /  Academic Staff  /  Anson Mackay

Professor Anson W. Mackay

Anson Mackay

Freshwater ecosystems are some of the most threatened environments on our planet. Globally, water quality has deteriorated rapidly since the 19th century, while water quantity is especially vulnerable in semi-arid regions. This has led to almost 80% of the world’s population being exposed to substantial water security threats.

For over 20 years I have worked on assessing human and climatic impacts on some of the world’s most important freshwater ecosystems, including Lake Baikal and the Aral Sea in central Asia, and the Okavango Delta in southern Africa. Key to much of this work is the use biological organisms and stable isotopes to reconstruct past environments.

I work in the Environmental Change Research Centre and the Palaeoclimate Research Group within the Department of Geography at UCL, one of the world’s leading universities. I teach at all levels of the curriculum, including undergraduates, MSc and PhD students. I am currently Vice-Dean for Research in the Faculty of Social and Historical Sciences. I have authored and co-authored over 100 peer-reviewed articles and have been PI on almost 30 projects.

 

Recent News

 

Our new project on the effects of differential dissolution on the δ18O composition of diatom silica has just been funded by NERC BGS Stable Isotope Facility. The project is in collaboration with Professor Melanie Leng, Dr Andi Smith and Dr George Swann.

I am collaborating with Professor John Birks on his recently funded project IGNEX: Interglacials and glacials - natural experiments in biodiversity dynamics.

Together with Gail Davies (University Exeter) I am now co-Editor of a new Open Access, on-line journal Geo: Geography and Environment. This is being published by the RGS-IBG in conjunction with Wiley.

Our NERC-funded research on Lake Baikal has taken centre stage in a special edition of Radio 4's Costing the Earth (16th+17th April 2013). You can listen to the 30 minute programme here. Whilst on fieldwork we were also filmed by national Russian news channel Rossiya 24, which was aired on 9th March 2013 - watch the report here.

 

Recent projects:

 

  • 2016-2017: The effects of differential dissolution on the δ18O composition of diatom silica. Funded by NERC. Reference IP-1584-1115. The project is in collaboration with Professor Melanie LengDr Andi Smith and Dr George Swann.
  • 2012-2015: Silicon isotope records of recent environmental change and anthropogenic pollution from Lake Baikal, Siberia. Funding sourceNERC. Reference NE/J010227/1. Amount awarded £710,000. PI, Lead RO: George Swann; PIs: Matthew Horstwood.

 

New papers published in 2014-2016:

Hampton, S.E, Galloway, A.W.E., Powers, S.M., Ozersky, T., Woo, K.H., Batt, R.D., Labou, S.G., O’Reilly, C.M., Sharma, S., Lottig, N.R., Stanley, E.H., North, R.L., Stockwell, J.D., Adrian, R., Weyhenmeyer, G.A., Arvola, L., Baulch, H.M., Bertani, I., Bowman, L.L. Jr., Carey, C.C., Catalan, J., Colom-Montero, W., Domine, L.M., Felip, M., Granados, I., Gries, C., Grossart, H.-P., Haberman, J., Haldna, M., Hayden, B., Higgins, S.N., Jolley, J.C., Kahilainen, K.K., Kaup, E., Kehoe, M.J., MacIntyre, S., Mackay, A.W., Mariash, H.L., McKay, R.M., Nixdorf, B,. Nõges, P., Nõges, T., Palmer, M., Pierson, D.C., Post, D.M., Pruett, M.J., Rautio, M., Read, J.S., Roberts, S.L., Rücker, J., Sadro, S., Silow, E.A., Smith, D.E., Sterner, R.W., Swann, G.E.A., Timofeyev, M.A., Toro, M., Twiss, M.R., Vogt, R.J., Watson, S.B., Whiteford, E.J., Xenopoulos, M.A. (in press) Ecology under lake ice. Ecological Letters

Marazzi, L., Gaiser, E.E., Jones, V.J., Tobias, F., Mackay, A.W. (in press) Algal richness and life history strategies are influenced by hydrology and phosphorus in two subtropical wetlands. Freshwater Biology.

Fitchett, J.M., Mackay, A.W., Grab, S.W., Bamford, M.K., (2016) Holocene climatic variability indicated by a multi-proxy record from southern Africa’s highest wetland. The Holocene

Fitchett, J.M., Grab, S.W., Bamford, M.K., Mackay, A.W. (2016) A multiproxy reanalysis of late Quaternary palaeoenvironments, Sekhokong Range, Eastern Lesotho. Journal of Quaternary Science

Fitchett, J.M., Grab, S.W., Bamford, M.K., Mackay, A.W. (2016) A multi-disciplinary review of late Quaternary palaeoclimates and environments for Lesotho. South African Journal of Science 112(7/8), 9 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/ sajs.2016/20160045

2016

Timofeyev, M.A., Silow, E.A., Mackay, A.W., Moore, M.V., Likens, G.E. (2016) Monitoring: Safe-guarding the world’s largest lake. Correspondence published in Nature 538, 41 doi:10.1038/538041a

Panizzo, V.N., Swann, G.E.A., Mackay, A.W., Vologina, E., Sturm, M., Pashley, V., Horstwood, M.S.A. (2016) Insights into the transfer of silicon isotopes into the sediment record. Biogeosciences 13, 147-157doi:10.5194/bg-13-147-2016

Smith, A.C., Leng, M.J., Swann, G.E.A., Barker, P., Mackay, A.W., Ryves, D.B., Sloane, H., Chenery, S.R.N., Hems, M. (2016) An experiment to assess the effects of diatom dissolution on oxygen isotope ratios. Rapid Communications of Mass Spectrometry 30, 293-300. DOI: 10.1002/rcm.7446

2015

Legaspi, K., Lau, A.Y., Jordan, P., Mackay, A., McGowan, S., McGlynn, G., Baldia, S., Donne Papa, R., Taylor, D. (2015) Establishing the impacts of freshwater aquaculture in tropical Asia: the potential role of palaeolimnology. Geo: Geography and Environment 2, 148-163. doi: 10.1002/geo2.13

Mackay, A.W. (2015.) Anthropocene Epoch. In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 1. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 722–727

2014

Dean, J.R., Leng, M.J., Mackay, A.W. (2014) Is there an isotopic signature of the AnthropoceneThe Anthropocene Review 1, 276-287

Wilson, K.E., Maslin, M.A., Leng, M.J., Kingston, J.D., Deino, A.L., Edgar, R.K., Mackay, A.W. (2014. ) East African lake evidence for Pliocene millennial-scale climate variability. Geology 42, 955-958 doi: 10.1130/G35915.1.http://bit.ly/XTEP5Q

Wilson, K.E., Leng, M.J., Mackay, A.W. (2014) The use of multivariate statistics to resolve multiple contamination signals in the oxygen isotope analysis of biogenic silica. Journal of Quaternary Science 29, 641-649. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.2729 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jqs.2729/abstract

Davies, G. & Mackay, A.W. (2014) Introducing Geo: Geography and EnvironmentGeo: Geography and Environment, 1, 1. DOI: 10.1002/geo2.1

Dearing, J.A., Dyke, J.G., Haberl, H., Hossain, S.M., Langdon, P.G., Lenton, T.M., Raworth, K., Wang, R., Zhang, K., Brown, S., Carstensen, J., Cole, M.J., Cornell, S.E., Dawson, T.P., Doncaster, C.P., Eigenbrod, F., Flörke, M., Jeffers, E., Mackay, A.W., Nykvist, B., Poppy, G.M. (2014) Safe and just operating spaces for regional social-ecological systemsGlobal Environmental Change 28, 227-238.

Seddon, A.W.R., Mackay, A.W., Baker, A.G. et al. (2014) Looking forward through the past: Identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology. Journal of Ecology 102, 256-267.  DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12195

Ringrose, S., Cassidy, L., Diskins, S., Coetzee, S., Matheson, W., Mackay, A.W., Harris, C. (2014) Diagenetic transformations in Boteti palaeo-estuary sediments, north central Botswana, with implications for silcrete-calcrete intergrade duricrust formation. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 39, 1167- 1187. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/esp.3516/abstract

 

Contact details

Tel: +44 (0)20 7679 0558; Fax: +44 (0)20 7679 0565

E-mail: a.mackayATucl.ac.uk; Web: http://about.me/ansonmackay

Twitter: @ansonmackay

 

 

2013 - 2016 Vice-Dean Research, Faculty Social and Historical Science, UCL

2013 Professor in Environmental Change, UCL

2007 Reader in Environmental Change, UCL

2000 Lecturer in Environmental Change, UCL
1992 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, UCL
1989 NERC PhD Student, University of Manchester
1984 B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences (Botany), University of Edinburgh

 

Membership of professional bodies

 

Royal Geographical Society No. 455488
British Ecological Society No. 69850
Quaternary Research Association
International Diatom Society
The International Biogeography Society No. 11722069

      Hampton, S.E, Galloway, A.W.E., Powers, S.M., Ozersky, T., Woo, K.H., Batt, R.D., Labou, S.G., O’Reilly, C.M., Sharma, S., Lottig, N.R., Stanley, E.H., North, R.L., Stockwell, J.D., Adrian, R., Weyhenmeyer, G.A., Arvola, L., Baulch, H.M., Bertani, I., Bowman, L.L. Jr., Carey, C.C., Catalan, J., Colom-Montero, W., Domine, L.M., Felip, M., Granados, I., Gries, C., Grossart, H.-P., Haberman, J., Haldna, M., Hayden, B., Higgins, S.N., Jolley, J.C., Kahilainen, K.K., Kaup, E., Kehoe, M.J., MacIntyre, S., Mackay, A.W., Mariash, H.L., McKay, R.M., Nixdorf, B,. Nõges, P., Nõges, T., Palmer, M., Pierson, D.C., Post, D.M., Pruett, M.J., Rautio, M., Read, J.S., Roberts, S.L., Rücker, J., Sadro, S., Silow, E.A., Smith, D.E., Sterner, R.W., Swann, G.E.A., Timofeyev, M.A., Toro, M., Twiss, M.R., Vogt, R.J., Watson, S.B., Whiteford, E.J., Xenopoulos, M.A. (in press) Ecology under lake ice. Ecological Letters

      Marazzi, L., Gaiser, E.E., Jones, V.J., Tobias, F., Mackay, A.W. (in press) Algal richness and life history strategies are influenced by hydrology and phosphorus in two subtropical wetlands. Freshwater Biology.

      Fitchett, J.M., Mackay, A.W., Grab, S.W., Bamford, M.K., (2016) Holocene climatic variability indicated by a multi-proxy record from southern Africa’s highest wetland. The Holocene

      Fitchett, J.M., Grab, S.W., Bamford, M.K., Mackay, A.W. (2016) A multiproxy reanalysis of late Quaternary palaeoenvironments, Sekhokong Range, Eastern Lesotho. Journal of Quaternary Science

      Fitchett, J.M., Grab, S.W., Bamford, M.K., Mackay, A.W. (2016) A multi-disciplinary review of late Quaternary palaeoclimates and environments for Lesotho. South African Journal of Science 112(7/8), 9 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/ sajs.2016/20160045

      2016

      Timofeyev, M.A., Silow, E.A., Mackay, A.W., Moore, M.V., Likens, G.E. (2016) Monitoring: Safe-guarding the world’s largest lake. Correspondence published in Nature 538, 41 doi:10.1038/538041a

      Panizzo, V.N., Swann, G.E.A., Mackay, A.W., Vologina, E., Sturm, M., Pashley, V., Horstwood, M.S.A. (2016) Insights into the transfer of silicon isotopes into the sediment record. Biogeosciences 13, 147-157 doi:10.5194/bg-13-147-2016

      Smith, A.C., Leng, M.J., Swann, G.E.A., Barker, P., Mackay, A.W., Ryves, D.B., Sloane, H., Chenery, S.R.N., Hems, M. (2016) An experiment to assess the effects of diatom dissolution on oxygen isotope ratios. Rapid Communications of Mass Spectrometry 30, 293-300. DOI: 10.1002/rcm.7446

      2015

      Legaspi, K., Lau, A.Y., Jordan, P., Mackay, A., McGowan, S., McGlynn, G., Baldia, S., Donne Papa, R., Taylor, D. (2015) Establishing the impacts of freshwater aquaculture in tropical Asia: the potential role of palaeolimnology. Geo: Geography and Environment 2, 148-163. doi: 10.1002/geo2.13

      Mackay, A.W. (2015.) Anthropocene Epoch. In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 1. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 722–727

      2014

      Dean, J.R., Leng, M.J., Mackay, A.W. (2014) Is there an isotopic signature of the AnthropoceneThe Anthropocene Review 1, 276-287

      Wilson, K.E., Maslin, M.A., Leng, M.J., Kingston, J.D., Deino, A.L., Edgar, R.K., Mackay, A.W. (2014. ) East African lake evidence for Pliocene millennial-scale climate variability. Geology 42, 955-958 doi: 10.1130/G35915.1.http://bit.ly/XTEP5Q

      Wilson, K.E., Leng, M.J., Mackay, A.W. (2014) The use of multivariate statistics to resolve multiple contamination signals in the oxygen isotope analysis of biogenic silica. Journal of Quaternary Science 29, 641-649. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.2729 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jqs.2729/abstract

      Davies, G. & Mackay, A.W. (2014) Introducing Geo: Geography and EnvironmentGeo: Geography and Environment, 1, 1. DOI: 10.1002/geo2.1

      Dearing, J.A., Dyke, J.G., Haberl, H., Hossain, S.M., Langdon, P.G., Lenton, T.M., Raworth, K., Wang, R., Zhang, K., Brown, S., Carstensen, J., Cole, M.J., Cornell, S.E., Dawson, T.P., Doncaster, C.P., Eigenbrod, F., Flörke, M., Jeffers, E., Mackay, A.W., Nykvist, B., Poppy, G.M. (2014) Safe and just operating spaces for regional social-ecological systems. Global Environmental Change 28, 227-238.

      Seddon, A.W.R., Mackay, A.W., Baker, A.G. et al. (2014) Looking forward through the past: Identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology. Journal of Ecology 102, 256-267.  DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12195

      Ringrose, S., Cassidy, L., Diskins, S., Coetzee, S., Matheson, W., Mackay, A.W., Harris, C. (2014) Diagenetic transformations in Boteti palaeo-estuary sediments, north central Botswana, with implications for silcrete-calcrete intergrade duricrust formation. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 39, 1167- 1187.http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/esp.3516/abstract

       

      2013

      Brook, B.W., Ellis, E.C., Perring, M.P., Mackay, A.W., Blomqvist, L. (2013). Does the terrestrial biosphere have planetary tipping points? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28, 396-401

       

      Mackay, A.W. (2013) Large Lakes. In: Elias S.A. (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, vol. 1, pp. 546-553. Amsterdam: Elsevier

       

      Holmes, J.A., Jones, V.J., Mackay, A.W., Rose, N.L. (2013) Editors. Special Issue: A celebration of Prof Rick Battarbee’s contributions to paleolimnology. Journal of Paleolimnology 43, 311-545

      RWB JOPL

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      Holmes, J.A., Jones, V.J., Mackay, A.W., Rose, N.L. (2013) Introduction to ‘A celebration of Prof Rick Battarbee’s contributions to paleolimnology’. Journal of Paleolimnology 43, 311-312

      Mackay, A.W., Swann, G.E.A., Fagel, N., Fietz, S., Leng, M.J., Morley, D.W., Rioual, P. Tarasov, P. (2013) Hydrological instability during the last interglacial in central Asia: a new diatom oxygen isotope record from Lake Baikal. Quaternary Science Reviews 66, 45-54 doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.09.025

      Mackay, A.W., Bezrukova, E., Boyle, J.F., Holmes, J.A., Panizzo, V.N., Piotrowska, N., Shchetnikov, A., Shilland, E.M., Tarasov, P., White, D. (2013) Multiproxy evidence for abrupt climate change impacts on terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems in the Ol'khon region of Lake Baikal, central Asia. Quaternary International 290-291, 46-56 doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2012.09.031

      Panizzo, V.N., Mackay, A.W., Rose, N., Rioual, P., Leng, M. (2013) Recent palaeolimnological change from Lake Xiaolongwan, north-east China: climatic versus anthropogenic forcing. Quaternary International 290-291, 322-334. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2012.07.033

      Li., J., Mackay, A.W., Zhang, Y., Li, J. (2012) A 1000-year record of vegetation change and wildfire from maar Lake Erlongwan in northeast China. Quaternary International. 10.1016/j.quaint.2012.08.2104

      Wang, L., Mackay, A.W., Leng, M.J., Rioual, P., Panizzo, V.N., Lu, H., Gu, Z., Chu, G., Han, J., Kendrick, C.P. (2013) Influence of the ratio of planktonic to benthic diatoms on lacustrine organic matter δ13C from Erlongwan maar Lake, Northeast China. Organic Geochemistry 54, 62-68. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2012.09.010

       

      2012

      Mackay, A.W., Davidson, T.A., Wolski, P., Woodward, S. Mazebedi, R., Masamba, W.R.L. & Todd, M.C. (2012) Diatom sensitivity to hydrological and nutrient variability in a subtropical, flood pulse-wetland. Ecohydrology 5, 491-502. doi: 10.1002/eco.242

      Wang, L., Rioual, P., Panizzo, V.N., Leng, M., Lu, H., Gu, Z., Chu, G., Yang, D., Han, J., Liu, J. Mackay, A.W. (2012) A 1000-yr record of environmental change in NE China indicated by diatom assemblages from Erlongwan maar lake. Quaternary Research 78, 24-34. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2012.03.006

      Davidson, T., Mackay, A.W., Mazebedi, R., Murray-Hudson, M., Todd, M. & Wolski, P. (2012) Seasonal and spatial hydrological variability drives aquatic biodiversity in flood-pulsed, subtropical wetlands. Freshwater Biology 57, 1253-1265. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02795.x pdf

      Mackay, A.W., Bezrukova, E.V., Leng, M.J., Meaney, M., Nunes, A., Piotrowska, N., Self, A., Shchetnikov, A., Shilland, E., Tarasov, P., Wang, L. & White, D. (2012) Aquatic ecosystem responses to Holocene climate change and biome development in boreal central Asia. Quaternary Science Reviews 41, 119-131. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.03.004 pdf

      Wang, L., Li, J., Lu, H., Gu, Z., Rioual, P., Hao, Q., Mackay, A.W., Jiang, W., Cai, B., Xu, B., Han, J., Chu, G., (2012) The East Asian winter monsoon over the last 15,500 years: its links to high-latitudes and tropical climate systems and complex correlation to the summer monsoon. Quaternary Science Reviews 32, 131-142. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.11.003 pdf

       

      2011

      Mackay, A.W., Swann, G.E.A. (2011) A diatom oxygen isotope record from Lake Baikal during MIS5e/5d: an application of XRF and FTIR to accurately account for persistent contaminants. Small grant report to the QRA. Quaternary Newsletter 25, 40-42

      Wischnewski, J., Kramer, A., Kong, Z., Mackay, A.W., Simpson, G.J., Mischke, S. & Herzschuh, U. (2011) Terrestrial and aquatic responses to climate change and human impact on the southeastern Tibetan Plateau during the past two centuries. Global Change Biology 17, 3376-3391 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02474.x

      Mackay, A.W., Davidson, T., Wolski, P., Mazebedi, R., Masamba, W.R.L., Huntsman-Mapila, P. & Todd, M.C. (2011) Spatial and seasonal variability in surface water chemistry in the Okavango Delta, Botswana: a multivariate approach. Wetlands 31, 815-829 DOI: 10.1007/s13157-011-0196-1

      Wischnewski, J., Mackay, A.W., Appleby, P.G., Mischke, S. & Herzschuh, U. (2011) Modest diatom responses to regional warming on the southeast Tibetan Plateau during the last two centuries. Journal of Paleolimnology 46, 215-227

      Mackay, A.W., Swann, G.E.A., Brewer, T., Leng, M.J., Morley, D.W., Piotrowska, N., Rioual, P. & White, D. (2011) A reassessment of late glacial–Holocene diatom oxygen isotope records from Lake Baikal using a mass balance approach. Journal of Quaternary Science 26, 627-634

      2010

      Mackay, A.W., Edlund, M.B. & Khursevich, G. (2010) Diatoms in Ancient Lakes. In: The Diatoms: applications in the environmental sciences.Eds: J.P. Smol & E. Stoermer. CUP, Cambridge. pp 209-228.

      Singh, C.R., Thompson, J.R., French, J.R., Kingston, D. & Mackay, A.W. (2010) Modelling the impact of prescribed global warming on runoff from headwater catchments of the Irrawaddy River and their implications for the water level regime of Loktak Lake, northeast India. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 1745-1765. doi:10.5194/hess-14-1745-2010

      McGlynn, G., Mackay, A.W., Rose, N.L., Taylor, R.G., Leng, M.J. & Engstrom, D.R. (2010) Palaeolimnological evidence of environmental change over the last 400 years in the Rwenzori Mountains of Uganda. Hydrobiologia 648, 109-122

      2009

      Mackay, A.W. (2009) An introduction to Late Glacial - Holocene environments [Chapter 1]. In: “Holocene Extinctions” Ed. Samuel T. Turvey. OUP, Oxford. 1-15.

      Mills, K., Mackay, A.W., Bradley, R.S., Finney, B. (2009) Diatom and stable isotope records of late-Holocene lake ontogeny at Indrepollen, Lofoten, NW Norway: a response to glacio-isostacy and neoglacial cooling. The Holocene, 19, 261-271.

      Boomer, I., Wünnemann, B., Mackay, A.W., Austin, P., Sorrel, P., Reinhardt, C., Keyser, D., Guichard, F., Fontugne, M. (2009) Advances in understanding the late Holocene history of the Aral Sea region. Quaternary International, 194, 79-90. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2008.03.007

      2008

      Panizzo, V., Mackay, A.W., Ssemmanda, I., Taylor, R., Rose, N., Leng, M.J. (2008) Recent changes in aquatic productivity in a remote, tropical alpine lake in the Rwenzori Mountain National Park, Uganda, associated with glacier recession since the 1860s. Journal of Paleolimnology 40, 325-338. doi: 10.1007/s10933-007-9163-5

      Mackay, A.W., Karabanov, E. Khursevich, G., Leng, M., Morley, D.W., Panizzo, G., Sloane, H.J. & Williams, D (2008) Reconstructing hydrological variability in Lake Baikal during MIS 11: an application of oxygen isotope analysis of diatom silica. Journal of Quaternary Science 23, 365-374. doi: 10.1002/jqs.1174

      Brewer, T., Leng, M., Mackay, A.W., Lamb, A., Tyler, J., Marsh, N. (2008) Unravelling contamination signals in biogenic silica oxygen isotope composition: the role of major and trace element geochemistry. Journal of Quaternary Science 23, 365-374. doi: 10.1002/jqs.1174

      Hammarlund, D., Mackay, A.W., Fallon, D.M.J., Pateman, G., Tavio, L.C.,, Leng, M.J. & Rose, N.L. (2008). The rise and fall of metal industry in Bergslagen, south central Sweden, as reflected by geochemistry and pollen content of a lake sediment record. Journal of Paleolimnology 39, 463-475. doi: 10.1007/s10933-007-9124-z

      Holden, P.B., Mackay, A.W. & Simpson, G.L. (2008) A Bayesian palaeoenvironmental transfer function model for acidified lakes. Journal of Paleolimnology, 39, 551-566 doi: 10.1007/s10933-007-9129-7

      Fagel, N. & Mackay, A.W. (2008) Weathering in the Lake Baikal watershed during the Kazantsevo (Eemian) interglacial: evidence from the lacustrine clay record. Palaeogeography Palaeoecology Palaeoclimatology 259, 244-257 doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.10.011

      Kattel, G.R., Battarbee, R.W., Mackay, A.W. & Birks, H.J.B. (2008) Recent ecological change in a remote Scottish mountain loch: an evaluation of a Cladocera-based temperature transfer-function. Palaeogeography Palaeoecology Palaeoclimatology 259, 51-76. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.03.052

      Mackay, A.W., Mazebedi, R., Wolski, P., Davidson, T.A., Huntsman-Mapila, P. & Todd, M. (2008) Monitoring and simulating threats to aquatic biodiversity in the Okavango Delta: field and laboratory methods. Methods report to Darwin Initiative 162/14/029. ECRC Research Report 129, 35 pp.

      Mackay, A.W. (2008) Book review: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, Eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Journal of Environmental Quality 37, 2407

      2007

      Mackay, A.W. (2007) The paleoclimatology of Lake Baikal: a diatom synthesis and prospectus. Earth-Science Reviews 82, 181-215. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2007.03.002

      Mackay, A.W. & Oberhänsli, H. (2007) Editors. Special Issue: Reconstructing past environments from remnants of Human occupation and sedimentary archives in western Eurasia. Quaternary Research 67, pp. 313-410.

      QR 2007  cover.gif






      Mackay, A.W. & Oberhänsli, H. (2007) Reconstructing past environments from remnants of Human occupation and sedimentary archives in western Eurasia: Introduction. Quaternary Research 67, 313-314. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2007.01.008

      Austin, P., Mackay, A.W. , Palushkina, O. & Leng, M. (2007) A high-resolution diatom-inferred palaeoconductivity and sea-level record of the Aral Sea for the last ca. 1600 years. Quaternary Research 67, 383-393. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2007.01.009

      Mackay, A.W. (2007) Quaternary diatom records from Large Lakes. In: Encyclopedia of Quaternary Research. Chief Ed: S. Elias. pp 548-557. Publisher: Elsevier. doi:10.1016/B0-44-452747-8/00240-4

      Kattel, G.R., Battarbee, R.W., Mackay, A.W. & Birks, H.J.B. (2007) Are Cladoceran fossils in lake sediment samples a biased reflection of the communities from which they are derived? Journal of Paleolimnology 38, 157-18. doi: 10.1007/s10933-006-9073-y

      Taylor, R.G., Rose, N.L., Mackay, A.W., Panizzo, V., Mileham, L., Ssemmanda, I., Tindimugaya, C., Nakileza, B., Muwanga, A. & Hau, J. 2007. Climate change and the aquatic ecosystems of the Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda. ECRC Research Report 113, 98 pp.

      2006

      Mackay, A.W., Ryves, D.B.. Morley, D.W., Jewson, D.J. & Rioual, P. (2006) Assessing the vulnerability of endemic diatom species in Lake Baikal to predicted future climate change: a multivariate approach. Global Change Biology, 12, 2297–2315. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01270.x

      Kattel, G.R., Mackay, A.W.& Battarbee, R.W. (2006). Variation in patterns of composition and abundance of cladocerans in littoral and open water habitats of Loch Coire Fionnaraich, Scotland. International Journal of Lakes and Rivers, 1, 35-50

      Swann, G.E.A. & Mackay, A.W. (2006)) Potential limitations of biogenic silica as an indicator or abrupt climate change in Lake Baikal, Russia. Journal of Paleolimnology, 36, 81-89 doi: 10.1007/s10933-006-0005-7

      Huntsman-Mapila, P., Ringrose, S., Mackay, A.W. , Modisi, M., Downey, W.S., Coetzee, S., Tiercelin, J.-J., Kampunzu, A.B., Vink, B. & Vanderpost, C. (2006) Use of the geochemical sedimentary record in establishing palaeo-environments and climate change in the Lake Ngami basin, NW Botswana. Quaternary International, 148, 51-64 doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2005.11.02

      Kattel, G.R., Battarbee, R.W., Mackay, A.W. & Birks, H.J.B. (2006) Recent ecological change in northwest Scotland: evidence from the sub-fossil assemblages of Cladocera in Loch Coire Fionnaraich. In Global Change in Mountain Regions by Price, M.F. Sapiens Publishing, Dumfries & London. pp 37-38

      2005

      Oberhänsli, H .& Mackay, A.W. (2005) Editors. Special Issue: Progress towards reconstructing past climate in Central Eurasia, with special emphasis on Lake Baikal. Global and Planetary Change, 46, Issues 1-4. pp 1-383. doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.11.003

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      Oberhänsli, H .& Mackay, A.W. (2005) Introduction: Progress towards reconstructing past climate in Central Eurasia, with special emphasis on Lake Baikal. Global and Planetary Change, 46, 1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.11.003

      Battarbee, R.W., Mackay, A.W. , Jewson, D., Ryves, D.B. & Sturm, M. (2005) Differential dissolution of Lake Baikal diatoms: correction factors and implications for palaeoclimatic reconstruction. Global & Planetary Change, 46, 75-86. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.11.007

      Rioual, P. & Mackay, A.W. (2005) A diatom record of centennial resolution for the Kazantsevo Interglacial stage in Lake Baikal (Siberia) Global & Planetary Change, 46, 199-219. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.08.002

      Morley, D.W., Leng, M.J., Mackay, A.W. & Sloane, H.J. (2005) Late Glacial and Holocene atmospheric circulation change in the Lake Baikal region documented by oxygen isotopes from diatom biogenic silica. Global & Planetary Change, 46, 221-233. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.09.018

      Swann, G.E.A., Mackay, A.W. , Leng, M. & Demoray, F. (2005) Climatic change in Central Asia during MIS 3: a case study using biological responses from Lake Baikal sediments. Global and Planetary Change, 46, 235-253. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.09.019

      Mackay, A.W. , Ryves, D.B., Battarbee, R.W., Flower, R.J., Jewson, D., Rioual, P. & Sturm, M. (2005) 1000 years of climate variability in central Asia: assessing the evidence using Lake Baikal diatom assemblages and the application of a diatom-inferred model of snow thickness. Global & Planetary Change, 46, 281-297. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.09.021

      2004

      Morley, D.W., Leng, M.J., Mackay, A.W. , Sloane, H., Rioual, P. & Battarbee, R.W. (2004) Cleaning of lake sediment samples for diatom oxygen isotope analysis. Journal of Paleolimnology, 31, 391-401. doi:10.1023/B:JOPL.0000021854.70714.6b

      Mackay, A.W. (2004) Palaeolimnological evidence for recent environmental change in tropical alpine Africa: assessing the palaeolimnological evidence from Lake Bujuku, Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda. Small grant report to the QRA. Quaternary Newsletter, 104, 55-57.

      Mackay, A.W. (2004) Book review: The Climate in Historical Times (KIHZ). Eds: H. Fischer, T. Kumke, G. Lohmann, G. Flöser, H. Miller, H. von Storch, J.F.W. Negendank (Springer). EOS. 85(43) 26th October, 2004.

      2003

      Mackay, A.W. , Battarbee, R.W., Birks, H.J.B. & Oldfield, F. (Eds.) (2003) Global Change in the Holocene. Publisher: Arnold, London.

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      Mackay, A.W. , Jones, V.J. & Battarbee, R.W. (2003) Approaches to Holocene climate reconstruction using diatoms. In Global Change in the Holocene; Eds: Mackay, A.W., Battarbee, R.W., Birks, H.J.B. & Oldfield, F. Published by Arnold. (Chapter 20) pp 294-309

      Todd, M.C. & Mackay, A.W. (2003) Large-scale climate controls on Lake Baikal ice cover. Journal of Climate, 16, 3186-3199. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<3186:LCCOLB>2.0.CO;2

      Mackay, A.W. , Battarbee, R.W., Flower, R.J., Granin, N.G., Jewson, D.H., Ryves, D.B. & Sturm, M. (2003) Assessing the potential for developing internal diatom-based inference models in Lake Baikal. Limnology & Oceanography, 48, 1183-1192.

      Ryves, D.B., Jewson, D.H., Sturm, M., Battarbee, R.W. Flower, Mackay, A.W. & Granin, N.G. (2003) Quantitative and qualitative relationships between planktonic diatom communities and diatom assemblages in sedimenting material and surface sediments in Lake Baikal, Siberia. Limnology & Oceanography, 48, 1643-1661.

      Sier, A.R.J., Parr, T.W., Battarbee, R.W. & Mackay, A.W. (2003) Editors. Detecting environmental change: science and society. Special Issue Science of the Total Environment, 310, Issues 1-3, 1-271. DOI: 10.1016/S0048-9697(03)00257-2

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      Parr, T.W., Sier, A.R.J., Battarbee, R.W., Mackay, A.W. & Burgess, J. (2003) Detecting environmental change: science and society - perspectives on long-term research and monitoring in the 21 st Century. Science of the Total Environment, 310, 1-8. DOI: 10.1016/S0048-9697(03)00257-2

      Mackay, A.W. (2003) A balanced synthesis of peatland research. Book review: Peatlands and Environmental Change, by D. Charman (John Wiley & Sons). Global Ecology & Biogeography, 12, 438-439

      Mackay, A.W. (2003) UK-BICER Final Report: 2000-2003. Report to The Royal Society summarising research achievements supported by the UK-BICER fund. 21 pages.

      2002

      Mackay, A.W. (2002) Lake Baikal. In: Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change: Vol 3 Causes and consequences of global environmental change . Ed.: Ian Douglas. pp. 413-417. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

      Mackay, A.W., Flower, R.J. & Granina, L.Z. (2002) Lake Baikal. In: The Physical Geography of Northern Eurasia: Russia and Neighbouring States. Ed. by M. Shahgedanova & A. Goudie. Published by OUP, Oxford. (Chapter 17) pp 403-421

      Mackay, A.W.(2002) Book review Climates Past & Present, by M.B. Hart (ed). The Holocene, 12, 122-123.

      2001

      Mackay, A.W. (2001) UK-BICER Interim Report: 1998-2000. Report to The Royal Society updating research achievements supported by the UK-BICER fund. 11 pages.

      2000

      Bangs, M., Battarbee, R.W., Flower, R.J., Jewson, D., Lees, J.A., Sturm, M., Vologinova, E. & Mackay, A.W. (2000) Climate change in Lake Baikal: diatom evidence in an area of continuous sedimentation. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 89, 251-259.

      Mackay, A.W. , Battarbee, R.W., Flower, R.J., Jewson, D., Lees, J.A., Ryves, D.B. & Sturm, M. (2000) The deposition and accumulation of endemic planktonic diatoms in the sediments of Lake Baikal and an evaluation of their potential role in climate reconstruction during the Holocene. Terra Nostra, 9, 34-48.

       

      Royal Society SSSI Working Group Members (2000). The Future of Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs). Policy statement and report. Publisher: The Royal Society, London. 17 pp.

      Battarbee, R.W. & Mackay, A.W. (2000) Biogenic composition of recent sediments: diatoms. Abstract. Terra Nostra, 9, 223-225.

      Mackay, A.W.(2000) Book review: Principles of Paleoclimatology, by Thomas Cronin. The Holocene, 10, 537-538.

      1999

      Mackay, A.W., Long, X., Rose, N.L. & Battarbee, R.W. (1999) New approaches to characterizing urban air particles in central London. Journal of Environmental Science, 11(3), 367-372.

      Rose, N.L., Mackay, A.W., Long, X. & Hutton, B. (1999) Morphological and chemical source apportionment of atmospheric particulates and their temporal and spatial distributions in central London. JEI Final Report

      Mackay, A.W. (1999) Pollution & Climate Change in Lake Baikal. Radio interview with Associated Press Television News.

      Mackay, A.W. (1999) Contribution on biological particulates in: Source Apportionment of Airborne Particulate Matter in the United Kingdom. Ed. By Airborne Particles Expert Group. Published by DETR. 158 pp. pp 72-73

      Mackay, A.W. (1999) Characterisation and temporal trends of primary particulate matter in the urban aerosol: functional relationships with traffic-related pollutants and meteorological variables. JEI Working Paper, 4, 95 pp.

      Mackay, A.W. , Battarbee, R.W., Flower, R.J., Jewson, D., Lees, J.A., Ryves, D.B. & Sturm, M. (1999) The deposition and accumulation of endemic planktonic diatoms in the sediments of Lake Baikal and an evaluation of their potential role in climate reconstruction during the Holocene. Final Report to NERC contract No. GR3/10529. ECRC Research Report, 59, 139 pp.

      Maslin, M.A. & Mackay, A.W. (1999) Muddying the Waters. The Guardian. 7-Jan-99, On-Line.

      Mackay, A.W. (1999) NERC-GEOPASS Final Project Review GR3/10529. ECRC Research Report, 54, 17 pp.

      1998

      Mackay, A.W. , Flower, R.J., Rose, N.L., Kuzmina, A.E., Granina, L.Z., Appleby, P.G., Boyle, J.F. & Battarbee, R.W. (1998) Recent trends in diatom succession in surface sediments from Lake Baikal and their relation to atmospheric pollution and to climate change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 353, 1011-1055. Reviewed by Laurence, E. (1998) Diatoms pinpoint pollution in Lake Baikal. Nature Science Update , 6th August, 1998.

      Flower, R.J., Battarbee, R.W., Lees, J., Levina, O., Jewson, D.H., Mackay, A.W., Ryves, D.B., Sturm, M. & Vologina, E.G. (1998) Diatom deposition and sediment accumulation in Lake Baikal, Siberia: on-going inter-related NERC-GEOPASS studies. Freshwater Forum, 11, 16-29.

      Appleby, P.G., Flower, R.J., Mackay, A.W. , Rose, N.L. (1998) Palaeolimnological assessment of recent environmental change in Lake Baikal: sediment chronology. Journal of Paleolimnology, 20, 119-133.

      Boyle, J.F., Mackay, A.W. , Rose, N.L., Flower, R.J., Appleby, P.G. (1998) Sediment heavy metal record in Lake Baikal: natural and anthropogenic sources. Journal of Paleolimnology, 20, 135-150.

      Rose, N.L., Appleby, P.G., Boyle, J.F., Mackay, A.W. & Flower, R.J. (1998) The spatial and temporal distribution of fossil-fuel derived pollutants in the sediment record of Lake Baikal, eastern Siberia. Journal of Paleolimnology, 20, 151-162.

      Dearing, J.A., Boyle, J.F., Appleby, P.G., Mackay, A.W. & Flower, R.J. (1998) Magnetic properties of recent sediments in Lake Baikal, Siberia. Journal of Paleolimnology, 20, 163-173.

      Mackay, A.W. & Rose, N.L. (1998) Characterisation and temporal distribution of atmospheric particulates (PM10s) in central London. Air Pollution VI Eds. C.A. Brebbia, C.F. Ratto & H. Power. Computational Mechanics Publications, Southampton. pp.947-958.

      Mackay, A.W. (1998) NERC - GEOPASS Mid Project Review: GR3/10529: minutes of Workshop 1. ECRC Research Report, 51, 8 pp.

      Mackay, A.W. (1998) Temporal trends of fungal spores in central London, and their functional relationships with environmental factors. JEI Working Paper, 2, 32 pp.

      1997

      Mackay, A.W. (1997) Peat erosion: some implications for conservation and management of blanket mires and heather moorland in the U.K. Conserving Peatlands. Ed by L. Parkyn, R.E. Stoneman & H.A.P. Ingram. Published by CAB International, Oxon. Chapter 8, pp. 81-86.

      Mackay, A.W. & Murlis, J. (Eds.) (1997) Britain’s Natural Environment: a State of the Nation Review. Ensis Publishing: London. 88 pp.

      Mackay, A.W. (ed.) (1997) Surface Water Acidification: the increasing importance of nitrogen. ECRC Research Report, 41, 19pp.

      1996

      Mackay, A.W. & Tallis, J.H. (1996) Summit - type blanket mire erosion in the Forest of Bowland, Lancashire, U.K.: predisposing factors and implications for conservation. Biological Conservation, 76, 31-44.

      Mackay, A.W., Flower, R.J. & Battarbee, R.W. (1996) Stratigraphical evidence of environmental change in Lake Baikal, associated with recent changes in climate. ECRC Research Report, 19, 166 pp.

      1995

      Flower, R.J., Mackay, A.W. , Rose, N., Boyle, J., Dearing, J.D., Appleby, P.G., Kuzmina, A.E. And Granina, L.Z. (1995) Sedimentary records of recent environmental change in Lake Baikal, Siberia. The Holocene, 5, 323-327.

      Flower, R.J., Monteith, D.T., Mackay, A.W. , Chambers, J.M. & Appleby, P.G. (1995) The design and performance of a new box corer for collecting undisturbed samples of soft sub-aquatic sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology, 14, 101-111.

      1994

      Mackay, A.W. & Tallis, J.H. (1994) The recent vegetation history of the Forest of Bowland, Lancashire, UK. New Phytologist, 138, 571-584.

      Mackay, A.W., Flower, R.J. & Battarbee, R.W. (1994) Further high-resolution analyses of surface sediment cores taken from Lake Baikal. ECRC Research Report, 18, 8 pp.

      1993

      Press, M.C., Parsons, A.N., Mackay, A.W. , Vincent, C.A., Cochrane, V. & Seel, W.E. (1993) Ecophysiological characteristics of the Mediterranean root hemi-parasite Bartsia trixago and Parentucellia viscosa. Oecologia, 95, 145-151.

      Mackay, A.W. , Flower, R.J., Appleby, P.G., Boyle, J., Dearing, J.A., Kuzmina, A., Monteith, D., Rose, N. & Battarbee, R.W. (1993) Recent environmental change in Lake Baikal, Eastern Siberia, with special reference to the sedimentary diatom record. ECRC Research Report, 1, 40 pp.

      Mackay, A.W. (1993) Recent vegetational history of the Forest of Bowland, Lancashire, UK. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Manchester, Manchester. GT4/89/TL5/38)

      1992

      Mackay, A.W. & Tallis, J.H. (1992) Possible causes of blanket mire erosion in northwest England. Proceedings International Peat Congress, 9(1), 244 - 255.

      Mackay, A.W. (1992) Peat erosion, Sphagnum and pollution. Quaternary Newsletter, 68, p13.

       

      Research Impact (since 2008)

       

      I led a major interdisciplinary Darwin programme (with Martin Todd, University of Sussex) which investigated hydrological controls on aquatic biodiversity in the Okavango Delta, one of the world’s major flood-pulse ecosystems, and one of the last remaining pristine wetlands in Africa. This was a complex project that sought to build research capacity in Botswana, whilst undertaking geographically challenging fieldwork.

      Our biological, chemical and hydrological data fed directly into the Okavango Delta Information System database, used by all planning and implementation agencies involved in the Okavango Delta Management Plan. Capacity building was central to our project. We provided extensive training in environmental modelling and quantitative data analysis to colleagues both employed on the project and those employed by the Botswana government and Okavango Delta stakeholders. A particularly successful outcome of the project has been subsequent employment of three technical staff gaining permanent full-time employment with the University of Botswana, and the employment of the MPhil student (Richard Mazebedi) on the project securing a teaching job at the newly created Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST).

       

      Media (Recent)

       

      Expert Advice to Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology on Freshwater Trends (17th June 2015). Published as “Trends in the Environment” on 5th Jan 2016.

      Interview with Centre on Global Interests for story on Lake Baikal and COP21. Article published on-line 11-Nov-2015 http://bit.ly/1HMvZY0

      Mackay, A.W. (2015) Lake Baikal: incredible ecosystem threatened by Mongolian dam and pipeline. The Conversation. 14-April-2015

      Interviews with RT (Russian Television): 12th March, 2015; 21st May 2015

      Mackay, A.W. (2014) Human’s drained the Aral Sea once before – but there are no free refills this time round. The Conversation 3rd-October-2014

      Tom Davidson and I recently published an article in The Conversation, in recognition of the Okavango Delta being designated UNESCO's 1000th World Heritage Site.

      I co-produced a special edition of Radio 4's Costing the Earth: The Deepest Lake on Earth (16th+17th April 2013) related to pollution and climate change threats to Lake Baikal. You can listen to the 30 minute programme here. Whilst on fieldwork we were also filmed by national Russian news channel Rossiya 24, which was aired on 9th March 2013 - watch the report here.

      Interviewee and appearance on BBC4/BBC2 Around the World in 60 Minutes which has been aired 15 times since March 2011.

      Recent Knowledge Transfer / Exchange Activity

       

      INQUA 2015 Session: (Ngoya, Japan): What can the Quaternary record tell us about the stability, resilience and sensitivity of landscape systems and the services they provide?

      ASLO Feb 2015 session organised (Granada): Recent ecological change in ancient lakes

      Isotopes in Biogenic Silica May 2015 (London)

      AGU 2014 session organised (San Francisco): Biogeochemical Cycling of Silicon and Isotopes in Biogenic Silica

      2012-2016: Organizer & Chair, UCL Rick Battarbee Lecture Series

      2012: Co-organizer of 50 Priority Questions in Palaeoecology, an agenda-setting workshop which brought together leading academics, stakeholders, funding bodies and graduate students to focus on identifying some of the most pressing questions facing the discipline of palaeoecology today and into the near future.

      2012: Co-organizer of 12th International Paleolimnology Symposium.

      Undergraduate

       

      I contribute to teaching in each of Years 1, 2 and 3 at UCL Geography.

      GEOG1006: Ideas in Geography

      Ideas in Geography is an introduction to the history and philosophy of the discipline. Why does this matter? Because ideas develop in particular times and places; because they change, are forgotten and sometimes rediscovered; and because ideas have consequences – not just for academics but for the rest of the world as well.

      The module aims to do five things:
      • to introduce students to some of the key themes, debates and developments which have shaped the modern discipline of geography;
      • to better understand the relationship between geography and other disciplines;
      • to explore some of the main tensions in the discipline between, for example, physical and human geography and between traditional approaches and more recent developments;
      • to show how changes in the discipline of geography are related to wider social, cultural, economic, scientific and historical developments;
      • to enable students to develop their own ideas about geography as a discipline and to understand the diversity of different approaches used in geographical research.

      I give lectures on the History of Environmental Change Science and Space for Time Modelling

       

      GEOG2008: Reconstructing Past Environments

      The course aims to provide students with an introduction to the concepts and techniques useful for studying the nature of past environmental change since the last glacial period to the Holocene. The following topics are covered: (i) a range of natural archives of environmental change (e.g. lake and marine sediments, ice cores); (ii) chronological techniques used to date these archives; (iii) biological indicators used to reconstruct past environmental change; (iv) palaeoclimatic and human-impact case studies. The course has also been designed to give practical experience in the identification of biological indicators.

       

      GEOG2026: Statistics for Environmental Geographers (Convenor)

      The range of discipline-specific skills developed through a geographical education should normally include statistical analyses. This ensures that students and researchers gain the necessary knowledge to develop a deeper understanding of scientific papers read, and research projects carried out. This course ensures students:


      • Develop an understanding of when and how to use appropriate statistical techniques
      • Gain knowledge in a range of statistical software packages
      • Gain knowledge of univariate and multivariate techniques
      • Gain knowledge of cluster and classification analyses
      • Gain knowledge of transfer functions
      • Gain an understanding in effective data presentation
      • Develop an understanding of theoretical concepts commonly used in statistical techniques

       

      Typical levels of achievement will include:

      1. Effectively and appropriately use and interpret numerical statistical information

      2. Apply basic and more advanced numerical skills effectively and appropriately to geographical information

       

      GEOG3057 / GEOGG131 Global Environmental Change (Convenor)

      The primary aim is to investigate topical environmental themes (important to the well-being of our planet) within the context of a long-term perspective (using palaeoscience approaches). A secondary aim is to encourage students to publicly participate in the themes developed on the course by the creation and maintenance of a weblog (‘blog’) site which counts towards 50% of the assessment.

      Key topics covered include

      • The Anthropocene

      • Biodiversity

      • Global biogeochemical cycles

      • Polar ecosystems

      • Boreal ecosystems and carbon budgets

      • Tipping points

      Rapid climate change

         

        GEOG3040: Undergraduate Dissertation (12,000 words)

        • I regularly supervise up to 5 dissertations every year on most environmental topics.

         

        Postgraduate (Masters)

         

        MSc Conservation

        The MSc Conservation at UCL is widely recognised as the leading course for aspiring nature conservation professionals. This highly successful degree programme saw its first students graduate in 1960, and nearly 80% of its graduates have gone on to secure posts related to conservation.

        The MSc Conservation is strongly interdisciplinary and engages with environmental, social and policy dimensions. It has a vocational orientation, with residential field-classes providing first-hand experience of practical conservation challenges. The programme is unique not only on account of its long history and the resulting extent of its alumni network, but also due to the active involvement of nature conservation professionals in the delivery of course material.

        MSc Climate Change

        There is a pressing national and international need to understand the nature and consequences of climatic change and to develop adaptation strategies. The UCL Climate Change MSc provides rigorous scientific and vocational training for the next generation of climate change professionals. Students will acquire knowledge and understanding of the Earth System (atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, lithosphere) and the nature and causes of climate variability and change.

         

        Postgraduate: PhD

         

        POPPY HARDING: Ecosystem resilience to abrupt climatic and environmental change in southern Siberia since the Last Glacial Maximum (NERC London DTP Scholarship). 10.14 -

        RICHARD MAZEBEDI: Freshwater ecology and ecosystem functioning of the Okavango Delta, Botswana. (Botswanan Government Scholarship) 11.14 -

        JENNIFER FITCHETT: Toward a multiproxy Holocene palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic reconstruction for Easter Lesotho. 2013 -2015

        JENNIFER ADAMS: Climate change and pollution impacts on productivity and biodiversity in the Selenga River Delta: a Siberian, Ramsar wetland of international importance 09.13 - (co-supervision with Prof N.L. Rose and Dr G.E.A. Swann) 09.13 -

        SARAH ROBERTS: Algal community response to recent anthropogenic pollution and environmental change at Lake Baikal, Russia, over the last 1,000 years (Primary supervisors Suzanne McGowan & George Swann, University of Nottingham). 09.12 -

        LUCA MARAZZI: Biodiversity and biomass of algae in the Okavango Delta (Botswana), a subtropical flood-pulsed wetland. 09.08 - 11.14 (co-supervision with Dr V. Jones). (Examiners Marian Yallop & Carl Sayer).

        CHARLOTTE HALL: Trace metal contamination in lakes and ponds in London. Funding body: Big Lottery Fund (via OPAL). 09.08 - 03.13 (co-supervision with Prof N.L. Rose). (Examiners Brian RIppey)

        KATY WILSON: Pliocene climate variability recorded in a series of diatomite beds in the Tugen Hills region of the East African Rift Valley. Funding body: NERC. 09.07 - 09.10. (co-supervision with Prof M. Maslin). (Examiners: Phil Barker)

        JULIANE WISCHNEWSKI: Reconstructing climate variability on the Tibetan Plateau – comparing aquatic and terrestrial signals. Funding body: DFG. Principal supervisor: Prof. Ulrike Herzschuh,  Alfred Wegener Institute, Potsdam. (Examiners: Viv Jones)

        VIRGINIA PANIZZO: Reconstructing Late Holocene climate variability in North East China from varved, maar lake sediments. Funding body: NERC CASE Studentshp with NERC NIGL . Studentship Award No.: NER/S/A/200/14046. 25.09.06– 24.09.09. (co-supervision with Dr P Rioual and Prof MJ Leng) (Examiners: Sarah Metcalf

        CHABUNGBAM SINGH: Hydroecology of Loktak Lake, NE India. Funding body: Ted Hollis Scholarship, UCL. (Primary supervisor: Dr Julian Thompson). (Examiners: )

        PATRICK AUSTIN: Palaeoconductivity, lake level fluctuations and trace element history of the Aral Sea since 400 AD: assessing the impact of natural climatic variation and anthropogenic activity. Funding body: NERC. Studentship Award No.: NER/S/A/2002/10422. 01.10.02 – 30.09.05. (Examiners: Jane Reed & Scott Elias).

        JOANNA THORPE: Records of late Quaternary climatic change from Tswaing crater lake, South Africa, and the Central Kenyan Rift. Funding body: NERC. Studentship. Award No.: NER/S/A/2002/10423. 23.09.02 – 22.09.05. (Examiners: Phil Barker & Alayne Street-Perrott).

        DAVID MORLEY: Reconstructing Past Climate Variability in Continental Eurasia. Funding body: NERC CASE Studentship with NERC NIGL. Studentship Award No.: NER/S/A/2001/06430. 01.10.01 – 30.09.04. (Examiners: Phil Barker & Jane Reed).

        MUSONDA MUMBA: Vegetation and hydrological changes in the Kafue Flats, Zambia before and after the Itezhi-tezhi Dam. Funding body: UCL Hollis Scholarship 24.09.01 – 30.09.04 (co-supervision with Dr J. Thompson) (Examiners: Dr Douglas Taylor & Prof. Edward Maltby).

        GIRI KATTEL: Cladoceran zooplankton in European Mountain lakes: their role in reconstructing climate change. Funding body: ORS / Grad School / ECRC Trust Fund 01.10.00 – 30.09.03 (co-supervision with Prof R.W. Battarbee). (Examiners: Glen George & Sarah Metcalfe).

        Postgraduate: MPhil

        RICHARD MAZEBEDI (University of Botswana; 2007-2008) Environmental controls on the spatial distribution of macro-invertebrates in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Funding body: UK DEFRA Darwin Initiative. Ref: 14-029. (co-supervision with Dr Hillary Masundire, University of Botswana)

        Postgraduate: MSc

        2014-2015

        DARIA KUZNETSOVA (MSc Conservation; Dissertation Distinction) Temporal and spatial variations in ostracod communities in the Selenga Delta, Lake Baikal.

        ROBERT MERRITT (MSc Climate Change) Towards estimating climate change impacts in select Pacific small island developing states (SIDS).

        CORINNE CHAND (MSc Aquatic ScienceS) Diving and foraging behaviour of adult little terns, Sternula albifrons, at Blakeney Point in Norfolk.

        2013-2014

        SAMUEL NORTH (MSc Aquatic Science; Distinction) Interglacial comparisons in the Near East: the palaeoecology of diatoms in Lake Van.

        MIKE HEMS (MGeol, University of Leicester; Dissertation distinction) The effects of differential dissolution on the oxygen isotope composition of diatom silica used in palaeoenviornmental reconstruction

        2011-2013

        ADAM SMITH (MSc Conservation; Dissertation distinction) A baseline study on the presence of agricultural pollutants in the Okavango Panhandle

        2010-2011

        LUKE NEWBY (MSc Conservation) A study into the effects of coppicing on woodland interior habitat and its recovery from these effects

        2008-2009

        HELEN JOURNEAUX (MSc Conservation) A study of possible environmental factors in the spread of invasive species of lowland heath and possible management and restoration techniques

        MIRIAM MEANEY (MSc Quaternary Science) Reconstructing Holocene environmental change in central Asia, with special focus on diatom analysis from a remote, upland lake

        LEIRE PAZ (MSc Conservation) Impact of Bti mosquito treatments on foraging and breeding success of house martins (Delichon urbicum) in the Camargue, France

        ADAM SEARS (MSc Quaternary Science) Bulk organic geochemical and stable isotope environmental change since the Late Glacial from Shara Nur lake sediments, Olkhon Island, Lake Baikal

        2007-2008

        DANIELE LAINEZ (MSc Conservation; Dissertation distinction) Fifty years of crocodile surveys in Africa: a review of the surveys and population trends

        ANDREW HARBY (MSc Conservation) An assessment of the Ballaugh Curragh wallaby population

        HEATHER TWIZZLE (MSc Conservation; Distinction) A study of chalk grassland regeneration following scrub removal on the Devil’s Dyke Estate, Sussex

        JULIA COULSON (MSc Conservation) The impacts of deer grazing on ancient oak woodland regeneration at Roudsea Woods and Mosses National Nature Reserve, Cumbria

        2006-2007

        GAYLE MCGLYNN (MSc Quaternary Science; Distinction) Assessing the evidence for recent environmental change in the Rwenzori mountains of Uganda using palaeolimnological technques

        ANA NUNES (MSc Quaternary Science) A Holocene environmental reconstruction from an upland lake in the Baikal region, Siberia, using chironomid and organic geochemical analyses

        GWILYM NEAL (MSc Conservation) Factors influencing the distribution and diversity of aquatic macrophytes in selected regions of the Okavango Delta, Botswana

        SELINA WOODWARD (MSc Conservation) The distribution, composition and diversity of diatom assemblages in relation to environmental factors in the Okavango Delta: special reference to diatom use in conservation and monitoring

        2005-2006

        PHILIP HOLDEN (MSc Quaternary Science; Distinction) Bayes’ equation applied to palaeoenvironmental reconstructions: a case study in acidification

        GRAEME DUCKWORTH (MSc Conservation) Mapping plant populations using geostatistics

        STUART HAYWARD (MSc Conservation) Amphibian decline in the UK

        2004-2005

        KEELY MILLS (MSc Quaternary Science; Distinction) A sub-centennial diatom record of Late Holocene lake ontogeny at Indrepollen, Lofoten, NW Norway: a response to isostacy and neoglacial cooling

        LUISA TAVIO (MSc Freshwater & Coastal Sciences) Pollutant deposition analysis as an indicator of industrial impact in central south Sweden

        WENDY HAYES (MSc Freshwater & Coastal Sciences) Changes in macrophyte assemblages and environmental factors in a Mediterranean wetland: s’Albufera de Majorca, Balearic Islands, Spain

        DIANE PATTERSON (MSc Conservation) Peatland restoration in Northern Ireland: a hydrological and botanical study of dammed and undammed areas in Ballynahone Bog, Maghera and Peatlands Park, Dungannon

        MALA RAM (MSc Geographical Information Science) Integrating plant dispersal mechanisms in population fragmentation models

        2003-2004

        SARAH COBAIN (MSc Quaternary Science; Dissertation distinction) A reconstruction of Holocene environmental changes at Lake Luanhaizi, Qilian Mountains, China

        KATIE THOMSON (MSc Quaternary Science; Distinction) Earthquakes and associated land / sea-level changes in eastern Hokkaido, Northern Japan

        GABRIEL GRIMSDITCH (MSc Conservation) An analysis Coral Cay data for a coral reef in Fiji

        2002-2003

        GEORGE SWANN (MSc Quaternary Science; Distinction) Climatic change in central Asia during marine isotope stage (MIS) 3

        MEILIN YANG (MSc Quaternary Science) Late Holocene diatom-based reconstructions of environmental change in Bosten Lake, Southern Xinjiang, China

        SIMON BRACEY (MSc Conservation) The geographical distribution, population abundance and global extinction risk in Neotropical primates

        SUSIE MOLONY (MSc Conservation; Dissertation distinction) Primate persistence and extinction in tropical forest fragments

        NICOLA MONSEY (MSc Conservation) Assessment of ground flora at Ham Street Wood and Longrope Wood (Orlestone Forest) in Kent

        KAREN WHEELER (MSc Conservation) A study of temporal and spatial variation in ground flora within various plantation stands of different species at Orlestone Forest, Kent

        2001- 2002

        PATRICK AUSTIN (MSc Quaternary Science; Distinction) Reconstructing early to mid Holocene environmental change from NW Iceland (Efstadalsvatn) using diatom analysis

        KATE BLAZEBY (MSc Conservation) The potential influence of avian predators on breeding Lapwing and Redshank in lowland wet grassland at Slimbridge, Gloucestershire

        LUIS CAYUELA (MSc Conservation) Habitat assessment for the Iberian wolf Canis lupus subsp. signatus in Picos de Europea, Spain

        MABEL CHEUNG (MSc Conservation) Habitat associations of the Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella on the Culm Grasslands in north Devon

        JOHANNA WILLI (MSc Conservation; Distinction) Ancient woodland in an agricultural landscape

        2000 - 2001

        EMILY WOODFIELD (MSc Conservation; Distinction) Jersey’s woodland bird communities: recommendations for management and monitoring

        COLIN GODFREY (MSc Conservation) The green lizard (Lacerta bilineata) in Jersey

        1997 - 1998

        MARK BANGS (MRes Environmental Science 1998; Distinction) Climate change in Lake Baikal: palaeo-indicator evidence in turbidite free zones

        Eurasia

        2016-2019: IGNEX: Interglacials and glacials - natural experiments in biodiversity dynamics. A new inter-disciplinary programme to Prof John Birks at the Ecological and Environmental Change Research Group, Bergen University.

          2016-2017: The effects of differential dissolution on the δ18O composition of diatom silica. Funded by NERC. Reference IP-1584-1115. The project is in collaboration with Professor Melanie Leng, Dr Andi Smith and Dr George Swann. Amount £42,200.

          2012-2015 Silicon isotope records of recent environmental change and anthropogenic pollution from Lake Baikal, Siberia. Funding sourceNERC. Reference NE/J010227/1. Amount awarded £710,000. PI, Lead RO: George Swann; PIs: Matthew Horstwood.

          2009-2010 A diatom oxygen isotope record from Lake Baikal during MIS5e/5d: an application of XRF and FTIR to accurately account for persistent contaminants. Funding body: QRA. Co-investigator George Swann. Amount awarded: £500.

          2007-2010 Reconstructing Late Holocene climate variability in North East China from varved maar lake sediments. Funding body: NERC NIGL. Co-investigators Virginia Panizzo & Melanie Leng. Amount awarded: £13,300. Reference: IP/981/0507.

          2006-2010 Baikal Aracheology Project. Funding body: Major Collaborative Research Initiative (MCRI) program of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Principal Investigator: - Prof. Andrzej Weber, Anthropology, University of Alberta, Canada.

          2006-2007 A diatom reconstruction of the Les Echets Eemian sequence, France. Funding body: Postdoctorat Quadriennal, CNRS program, IMEP (UMR 6116 CDNRS, FST-U3). Principal Investigators: - Dr V. Andrieu-Ponel, CNRS; Dr Anson W Mackay, UCL; Dr P. Rioual, Department of Geology of the University of Beijing (China). Post-doctoral scientist: Dr DW Morley.

          2006-2007 Reconstructing climate variability in Inner Mongolia over the last 1000 years. Funding body: Chinese Academy of Sciences & UCL Simon Li Research Fund. Principal Investigators: Dr Luo Wang & Dr Anson W. Mackay.

          2003-2005 Reconstructing palaeoclimates during MIS 11 in central Asia using oxygen isotope analysis of diatom silica. Funding body: NERC NIGL. Co-investigators Eugene Karabanov & Melanie Leng. Amount awarded: £33,000. Reference: IP/740/0302.

          2003-2005 CLIMAN: Holocene climatic variability and evolution of human settlement in the Aral Sea Basin. With Hedi Oberhaensli + others. Funding body: INTAS. Total award: €120,000. Reference: INTAS Aral 30.

          2001-2004 CONTINENT: High-resolution continental paleoclimate record from Lake Baikal: a key site for Eurasian teleconnections to the North Atlantic Ocean and monsoonal system. With Oberhaensli (co-ordinator) + other co-investigators. Funding body: EU Framework 5. Amount awarded: c. €2,000,000. Reference: EVK2-CT-2000-0057.

          2001-2003 Biological, chemical and physical monitoring of Lake Baikal water column. Funding body: The Royal Society. Amount awarded c. £15,000.

          2001-2002 Climatic change in Central Asia during marine isotope stage 3: biogenic silica analysis . Funding body: NERC ICP-AES Centre. Co-investigator: George Swann. Award No.: OSS/221/050. Amount £1,000.

          2000-2001 Reconstructing Late Glacial - Holocene climate change in Lake Baikal using oxygen isotope analysis of endemic lacustrine diatoms. Funding body: NERC NIGL. Amount awarded: £32,000. Reference: IP/635/0300.

          1996-1999 The deposition and accumulation of endemic planktonic diatoms in the sediments of Lake Baikal and an evaluation of their potential role in climate reconstruction during the Holocene . Funding source NERC. Reference GR3/10529. Amount awarded £121,404. PIs: Prof. R.W. Battarbee & Dr. R.J. Flower.

           

          Africa

          2009-2010 Investigating Pliocene palaeoclimates in East Africa using oxygen isotopes from biogenic silica. Funding body: NERC NIGL. Co-investigator: Mark Maslin, Katie Wilson, Melanie Leng. Ref: IP/1082/1108. Amount awarded: £6,700

          2006-2009 Monitoring and simulating threats to aquatic biodiversity in the Okavango Delta. Funding body: DEFRA DARWIN Programme. co-PI: Martin Todd. Amount awarded c. £188,000.

          2004-2005 Climatic change in tropical Africa during the last interglacial. Funding body: NERC NIGL. Co-investigator: Jo Thorpe, Martin Trauth, Melanie Leng. Ref: IP/816/05-04. Amount awarded: £20,000.

          2004-2005 Climatic change in southern Africa during the last interglacial : chronology development. Funding body: NERC NIGL. Co-investigator: Jo Thorpe & Open University Uranium-Series Facility. Amount awarded: £15,000. Ref: IP/793/1103.

          2004 Late Holocene changes in alpine vegetation of the Rwenzori Mountains: Short Term Visit grant to the UK for Visiting Scientist: Dr Immaculate Ssemmanda, Uganda. Funding body: The Royal Society. Amount £3,360. With Richard Taylor.

          2003-2004 Climate change threatens aquatic ecosystems of the Rwenzori Mountains, East Africa. Funding bodies: various, including Royal Geographical Society £7,500; QRA £360; Grad school & Dean's Fund: c. £2,500 . PI & Expedition leader: Richard Taylor. With Neil Rose, Ginnie Pannizo, Lucinda Mileham and Adinah Shackleton.

          Others: Principal or Co - Investigator

          2012 50 Pressing Questions in Palaeoecology. PIs: Alistair Seddon, Ambroise Baker, University of Oxford. Amount awarded: QRA £500; PAGES £3100; BES £2000; Oxford University £2000.

          2000 - 2005 Biological, chemical and physical monitoring of Lake Baikal water column. Funding bodies: Royal Society and Siberian Branch Russian Academy of Sciences. Amount awarded: c. £10k per year. With Nick Granin (Limnological Institute) and David Jewson.

          1998 Holocene Climate Reconstruction. With Rick Battarbee. Funding Source: EU Framework 4 for an 11 day Advanced Study Course. Amount awarded: €79,000. Reference: ENV4-CT97-4013. Course Dates: 15th June - 25th June, 1998. See Advanced textbook Global Change in the Holocene (2003).

          1992 Dating recent vegetation changes at the Forest of Bowland since the last 2000 yrs. Amount: £3,400. Funding body: NERC Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory

          Others: Recognised Researcher

          1996 -1999 The deposition and accumulation of endemic planktonic diatoms in the sediments of Lake Baikal and an evaluation of their potential role in climate reconstruction during the Holocene. Funding body: NERC (GR3/10529). Amount: £120k. PIs: Rick Battarbee, Roger Flower, Mike Sturm, David Jewson.