Dr. Richard Taylor
UCL Department of Geography
Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
Tel: +44 (0)207 679 0591
Fax: +44 (0)207 679 0565
Office: Room 109, Pearson Building
1991 - 1998 Ph.D., Department of Geology, University of Toronto, Canada
thesis: Tectonically controlled landscape evolution and its relation to the lithology, hydrology and hydrogeology of weathered crystalline rock in Uganda
1986 - 1990 B.Sc. (Hons.) Chemistry, Queen's University, Canada
2009 - present, Reader in Hydrogeology, Department of Geography, University College London, UK
2000 - 2009, Lecturer in Physical Geography, Department of Geography, University College London, UK
2009 - 2011, Adjunct Professor, European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights & Democratisation, Italy
2002 - present, Adjunct Prof. in Geology, Dept. of Geology & Petroleum Studies, Makerere University, Uganda
1998 - 2000, NERC Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, Robens Centre for Public & Environmental Health, UK
1995 - 1999, Independent Hydrogeological Consultant, Uganda
- Eastern Centres Water and Sanitation Project (DANIDA)
- Small Towns Water and Sanitation Project (World Bank)
1995 Course Lecturer, Environmental Sciences Division, University of Toronto, Canada
1994 Course Lecturer, Department of Geology, Makerere University, Uganda
1994 Water Supply Advisor, Canadian Physicians for Aid and Relief, Uganda & Rwanda
Professional bodies & committees
- Co-Chair, IAH Commission on Groundwater & Climate Change
- Expert Panel, UNESCO-IHP GRAPHIC Programme (Groundwater Resources Assessment under the Pressures of Humanity & Climate Change)
- Co-Chair, Groundwater & Climate in Africa Conference (2009)
- Fellow, Geological Society (FGS)
- Member, International Association of Hydrologeologists
- Fellow, Royal Geographical Society
- Member, National Ground Water Association
Peer review for academic journals
- Environmental Research Letters, Geophysical Research Letters, Hydrology & Earth System Science, Hydrological Sciences Journal, Journal of Hydrology, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Hydrological Processes, Applied Geochemistry, Quaternary Science Reviews, Hydrogeology Journal, International Journal of Climatology, Water Policy, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Waterlines, Water International
Peer review of grants
- The Belmont Forum (2013)
- The Royal Society International Exchanges Programme (2012-2014)
- START Grants for Global Environmental Change Research in Africa (2009)
- The British Academy (2008)
- STEREOII programme, Belgian Science Policy (2006)
- The Leverhulme Trust (2003)
- European Commission (DG X11/DI-2) Grant Applications (2000)
Term 2 (2012-2013) office hours: Tuesdays (2pm to 4pm) & Fridays (10am to 11am)
BA/BSc First-year courses
, Term 1 (Convenor: Richard Taylor)
, Term 1 (Convenor: Jon Holmes)
, Term 1 (Convenor: Richard Taylor)
BA/BSc Second-year courses
, Term 1 (Convenor: Julian Thompson)
BA/BSc Third-year courses
, Term 1 (Convenor: Julian Thompson)
MSc Climate Change
, Term 2 (Convenor: Richard Taylor)
MSc Environmental Modelling
, Term 1 (Convenor: Jon French)
- Taylor, R.G., Scanlon, B.R., Doell, P., Rodell, M., van Beek, L., Wada, Y., Longuevergne, L., LeBlanc, M., Famiglietti, J.S., Edmunds, M., Konikow, L., Green, T., Chen, J., Taniguchi, M., Bierkens, M.F.P., MacDonald, A., Fan Y., Maxwell, R., Yechieli, Y., Gurdak, J., Allen, D., Shamsudduha, M., Hiscock, K., Yeh, P., Holman, I. and Treidel, H., 2013. Groundwater and climate change. Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, 322-329.
- Taylor, R.G., Todd, M., Kongola, L., Nahozya, E., Maurice, L., Sanga, H. and MacDonald, A., 2013. Evidence of the dependence of groundwater resources on extreme rainfall in East Africa. Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, 374-378.
- MacDonald, A., Taylor, R.G. and Bonsor, H.C., 2012. Groundwater in Africa – is there sufficient water to support the intensification of agriculture from Land Grabs? In: J.A. Allan, M. Keulertz, S. Sojamo and J. Warner (Eds.), Handbook on Land and Water Grabs in Africa: foreign direct investment and food and water security. Routledge, Section IV, Chapter 3, pp. 376-383.
- MacDonald, A., Bonsor, H.C., O Dochartaigh, B.E. and Taylor, R.G., 2012. Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa. Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 7, 024009.
- Shamsudduha, M., Taylor, R.G., and Longuevergne, L., 2012. Monitoring groundwater storage changes in the Bengal Basin: validation of GRACE measurements. Water Resources Research, Vol. 48, W02508.
- Flynn, R. Taylor, R.G., Kulabako, R., and Miret-Gaspa, M., 2012. Haematite in lateritic soils aids groundwater disinfection. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, Vol. 223, 2405-2416.
- Taylor, R.G. and Tindimugaya, C., 2012. The impacts of climate change and rapid development on weathered crystalline rock aquifer systems in the humid tropics: evidence from southwestern Uganda. In: International Contributions to Hydrogeology, Vol. 27, Climate change effects on groundwater resources: a global-scale synthesis of findings and recommendations, (eds. H. Treidel, J. Luis-Bordes and J. Gurdak). CRC Press (Chapter 2), pp. 17-32.
- Owor, M., Taylor, R.G., Mukwaya, C. and Tindimugaya, C., 2011. Groundwater - surface water interactions on deeply weathered surfaces of low relief: evidence from Lakes Victoria and Kyoga. Hydrogeology Journal, Vol. 19, 1403-1420.
- Shamsudduha, M., Taylor, R.G., Ahmed, K.M. and Zahid, A., 2011. The impact of intensive groundwater abstraction on recharge to a shallow regional aquifer system: evidence from Bangladesh. Hydrogeology Journal, Vol. 19, 901-916.
- Todd, M.C., Taylor, R.G., Osborn, T., Kingston, D., Arnell, N.W. and Gosling, S., 2011. Quantifying the impact of climate change on water resources at the basin scale on five continents – a unified approach. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 15, 1035-1046.
- Gosling, S.N., Taylor, R.G., Arnell, N.W. and M. C. Todd, 2011. A comparative analysis of projected impacts of climate change on river runoff from global and catchment-scale hydrological models. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 15, pp. 279-294.
- Xu, H., Taylor, R.G. and Y. Xu, 2011. Quantifying uncertainty in the impacts of climate change on river discharge in sub-catchments of the River Yangtze and Yellow Basins, China. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 15, pp. 333-344.
- Taylor, R., Longuevergne, L., Harding, R., Todd, M., Hewitson, B., Lall, U., Hiscock, K., Treidel, H., Dev Sharma, K., Kukuric, N., Struckmeier, W. and Shamsudduha, M., 2010. Groundwater and global hydrological change – current challenges and new insight. In: Hydrocomplexity: New Tools for Solving Wicked Water Problems, Proceedings of the Xth Kovacs Colloquium, edited S. Khan and H. Savenije. IAHS Publication No. 338, pp. 48-58.
- Kingston, D. and Taylor, R.G., 2010. Projected impacts of climate change on groundwater and stormflow in a humid, tropical catchment in the Ugandan Upper Nile Basin. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 14, pp. 1297-1308.
- McGlynn, G., Mackay, A.W., Rose, N.L., Taylor, R.G., M. Leng and Engstrom D.R., 2010. Palaeolimnological evidence of environmental change over the last 400 years in the Rwenzori Mountains of Uganda. Hydrobiologia, Vol. 648, pp. 109-122.
- Xu, H., Taylor, R.G., Kingston, D.G., Jiang, T., Thompson, J. and Todd, M.C., 2010. Hydrological modeling of the River Xiangxi (China) using SWAT2005: a comparison of model parameterizations using station and gridded meteorological observations. Quaternary International, Vol. 226, pp. 54-59.
- Todd M.C., Andersson, L., Ambrosino, C., Hughes, D., Kniveton, D., Mileham, L., Murray-Hudson, M., Raghavan, S., Taylor, R.G., and Wolski, P., 2010. Climate change impacts on hydrology in Africa: Case studies of river basin water resources. In: African Climate and Climate Change: Physical, Social and Political Perspectives, edited by C. Williams and D. Kniveton. Springer, Chapter 6, pp. 123-154.
- Taylor, R.G., Tindimugaya, C., Barker, J.A., Macdonald, D. and Kulabako, R., 2010. Convergent radial tracing of viral and solute transport in gneiss saprolite. Ground Water, Vol. 48, pp. 284-294.
- Taylor, R.G., M. Miret-Gaspa, J. Tumwine, L. Mileham, R. Flynn, G. Howard, and R. Kulabako, 2009. Increased risk of diarrhoeal diseases from climate change: evidence from communities supplied by groundwater in Uganda. In: Groundwater and Climate in Africa, edited by R. Taylor, C. Tindimugaya, M. Owor and M. Shamsudduha. IAHS Publication No. 334, pp. 15-19.
- Owor, M., Taylor, R.G., Thompson, J., Mukwaya, C. and Tindimugaya, C., 2009. Monitoring groundwater - surface water interactions in the Upper Nile Basin of Uganda. In: Groundwater and Climate in Africa, edited by R. Taylor, C. Tindimugaya, M. Owor and M. Shamsudduha. IAHS Publication No. 334, pp. 68-75.
- Kingston, D., Todd, M., Taylor, R.G., Thompson, J.R. and Arnell, N., 2009. Uncertainty in PET estimation under climate change. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, L20403, doi:10.1029/2009GL040267.
- Owor, M., Taylor, R.G., Tindimugaya, C. and Mwesigwa, D., 2009. Rainfall intensity and groundwater recharge: evidence from the Upper Nile Basin. Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 4, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/4/3/035009
- Taylor, R.G., 2009. Rethinking water scarcity: role of storage. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Vol. 90(28), pp. 237-238.
- Taylor, R.G., Koussis, A. and Tindimugaya, C., 2009. Groundwater and climate in Africa: a review. Hydrological Sciences Journal Vol. 54(4), pp. 655-664.
- Mileham, L., R.G. Taylor, Todd M., Tindimugaya, C. and J. Thompson, 2009. Climate change impacts on the terrestrial hydrology of a humid, equatorial catchment: sensitivity of projections to rainfall intensity. Hydrological Sciences Journal Vol. 54(4), pp. 727-738.
- Shamsudduha, M., Chandler, R.E., Taylor, R.G. and Ahmed, K.M., 2009. Recent trends in groundwater levels in a highly seasonal hydrological system: the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Delta. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 13, pp. 1-13.
- Taylor, R.G., L. Mileham, C. Tindimugaya and L. Mwebembezi, 2009. Recent glacial recession and its impact on alpine riverflow in the Rwenzori Mountains of Uganda. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Vol. 55, pp. 205-213.
- Dennis, P.D, Hirsch, P.R., Smith, S.J., Taylor, R.G., Valsami-Jones, E. and Miller, A.J., 2009. Linking rhizoplane pH and bacterial density at the microhabitat scale. Journal of Microbiological Methods, Vol. 76, pp. 101-104.
- Russell, J., Eggermont, H., Taylor, R.G., Verschuren, D., 2009. Paleolimnological records of recent glacial recession in the Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda-DR. Congo. Journal of Paleolimnology, Vol. 41, pp. 251-273.
- Mileham, L., Taylor, R.G., Thompson, J., Todd, M. and Tindimugaya, C., 2008. Impact of rainfall distribution on the parameterisation of a soil-moisture balance model of groundwater recharge in equatorial Africa. Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 359, pp. 46-58.
Dennis, P.D, Miller, A.J., Clark, I.M., Taylor, R.G., Valsami-Jones, E., Hirsch, P.R., 2008. A novel method for sampling bacteria on plant root and soil surfaces at the microhabitat scale. Journal of Microbiological Methods, Vol. 75, pp. 12-18.
- Panizzo, V.N., Mackay, A.W., Ssemmanda, I., Taylor, R.G., Rose, N. and Leng, M., 2008. A 140-year record of recent changes in aquatic productivity in a remote, tropical alpine lake in the Rwenzori Mountain National Park, Uganda. Journal of Paleolimnology, Vol. 40, pp. 325-338.
- Taylor, R.G., Cronin, A.A. and Rueedi, J., 2007. Groundwater flow velocities indicated by anthropogenic contaminants in urban sandstone aquifers. IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology, Vol. 8, pp. 95-105.
- Rueedi, J., Cronin, A.A., Taylor, R.G., and Morris, B.M., 2007. Tracing sources of carbon in urban groundwater using δ13CTDIC. Environmental Geology Vol. 52, 541-557. doi:10.1007/s00254-006-0486-8
- Taylor, R.G., Mileham, L., Tindimugaya, C., Majugu, A., Nakileza, R., Muwanga, A., 2006. Reply to Comment by Mölg et al. on Recent deglaciation in the Rwenzori Mountains of East Africa due to rising air temperatures. Geophysical Research Letters Vol. 33, L20405, doi:10.1029/2006GL027606
- Taylor, R.G., Cronin, A.A., Lerner, D.N., Tellam, J.H., Bottrell, S.H., Rueedi, J. and Barrett, M.H., 2006. Hydrochemical evidence of the depth of penetration of anthropogenic recharge in sandstone aquifers underlying two mature cities in the UK. Applied Geochemistry Vol. 21, 1570-1592. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2006.06.015.
- Taylor, R.G., Mileham, L., Tindimugaya, C., Majugu, A., Nakileza, R., Muwanga, A., 2006. Recent deglaciation in the Rwenzori Mountains of East Africa due to rising air temperatures. Geophysical Research Letters Vol. 33, L10402, doi:10.1029/2006GL025962
- Taylor, R.G.and Allen, A., 2006. Waste disposal and landfill: information needs. In: Protecting Groundwater for Health: Managing the Quality of Drinking-water Sources. World Health Organisation (Geneva), Edited by O. Schmoll, G. Howard, J. Chilton and I. Chorus. IWA (London), pp. 339-362 (Chapter 12).
- Allen, A. and Taylor, R.G., 2006. Waste disposal and landfill: control and protection. In: Protecting Groundwater for Health: Managing the Quality of Drinking-water Sources. World Health Organisation (Geneva), Edited by O. Schmoll, G. Howard, J. Chilton and I. Chorus. IWA (London), pp. 631-652 (Chapter 24).
- Taylor, R.G., 2005. Groundwater protection in sub-Saharan Africa. Waterlines Vol. 24(1), pp. 21-23.
- Taylor, R.G., Cronin, A.A., Pedley, S., Atkinson, T.C. and Barker, J.A., 2004. The implications of groundwater velocity variations on microbial transport and wellhead protection: review of field evidence. FEMS Microbiology Ecology Vol. 49, pp. 17-26.
- Taylor, R.G., Barrett, M.H. and Tindimugaya, C. 2004. Urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa; weathered crystalline aquifer systems. International Contributions to Hydrogeology Vol. 24, pp. 155-179.
- Taylor, R.G., 2004. Water Resources and development challenges in eastern and southern Africa. In: T. Bowyer-Bower and D. Potts (Eds.), East and Southern Africa. Regional Development Text, RGS-IBG Developing Areas Research Group, Addison-Wesley Longman (London), Chapter 7, pp. 198-228.
- Taylor, R.G., Cronin, A.A., Trowsdale, S.A., Baines, O.P., Barrett, M.H., Lerner, D.N.L., 2003. Vertical groundwater flow in Permo-Triassic sediments underlying two cities in the Trent River Basin (UK). Journal of Hydrology Vol. 284, pp. 92-113.
- Cronin, A.A., Taylor, R.G., Powell, K.L., Trowsdale, S.A., Barrett, M.H. and Lerner, D.N., 2003. Temporal variations in the depth-specific hydrochemistry and microbiology of an urban sandstone aquifer - Nottingham, UK. Hydrogeology Journal Vol. 11, pp. 205-216.
- Powell, K.L., Taylor, R.G., Cronin, A.A., Barrett, M.H., Pedley, S., Sellwood, J., Trowsdale, S.A., Lerner, D.N., 2003. Microbial contamination of two urban sandstone aquifers in the UK. Water Research Vol. 37, pp. 339-352.
- Taylor, R.G., 2001. Weathered rock aquifers: vital but poorly developed. Waterlines Vol. 20(2), pp. 3-6.
- Taylor, R.G. and Howard, K.W.F., 2000. A tectono-geomorphic model of the hydrogeology of deeply weathered crystalline rock: evidence from Uganda. Hydrogeology Journal Vol. 8, pp. 279-294.
- Taylor, R.G., 2000. Groundwater - a resource from which we expect so much but know so little. Waterlines Vol. 18(3), p. 32.
- Barrett, M., Howard, G., Pedley, S. Taylor, R.G., and Nalubega, M. 2000. A comparison of the extent and impacts of sewage contamination on urban groundwater in developed and developing countries. Schriftenreihe Des Vereins Fur Wasser-, Boden-Und Lufthygiene Vol. 105, pp. 179-185.
- Taylor, R.G. and Howard, K.W.F., 1999. The influence of tectonic setting on the hydrological characteristics of deeply weathered terrains: evidence from Uganda. Journal of Hydrology Vol. 218, pp. 44-71.
- Taylor, R.G. and Howard, K.W.F., 1999. Lithological evidence for the evolution of weathered mantles in Uganda by tectonically controlled cycles of deep weathering and stripping. CATENA Vol. 35, pp. 65-94.
- Taylor, R.G. and Howard, K.W.F., 1998. Post-Palaeozoic evolution of weathered landsurfaces in Uganda by tectonically controlled cycles of deep weathering and stripping. Geomorphology Vol. 25, pp. 173-192.
- Taylor, R.G. and Howard, K.W.F. 1998. The dynamics of groundwater flow in the regolith of Uganda. International Contributions to Hydrogeology Vol. 18, pp. 97-113.
- Taylor, R.G. and Howard, K.W.F. 1996. Groundwater recharge in the Victoria Nile basin of East Africa: support for the soil-moisture balance method using stable isotope and flow modelling studies. Journal of Hydrology Vol. 180, pp. 31-53.
- Taylor, R.G. and Howard, K.W.F. 1995. Groundwater quality in rural Uganda: Hydrochemical considerations for the development of aquifers within the basement complex of Africa. In: J. McCall and H. Nash (Editors) Groundwater Quality, pp. 31-43.
- Taylor, R.G., Tindimugaya, C. and Aureli, A., 2008. Can groundwater meet Africa's demand for water as climates change? EOS - Transactions of American Geophysical Union, Vol. 89(42), p. 407.
- Taylor, R.G., 2008. UNESCO: Groundwater and Climate in Africa Addressed for the First Time. CLIMATE-L.ORG (July 11).
- Treidel, H. and R.G. Taylor, 2008. GRAPHIC Africa kicks off. World of Science, Vol. 6(4), p. 14.
- Taylor, R.G., 2005. The son of the snow is angry - loss of glaciers threatens indigenous culture. The New Internationalist Vol. 378, p. 6.
- Taylor, R.G., 2004. Review: Groundwater Hydrology - conceptual and computational models. Waterlines, Vol. 23(1), p. 31.
- Taylor, R.G., 2003. Rwenzori glaciers disappearing. The New Vision (Uganda's National Newspaper), October 28th, 2003
- Taylor, R.G. 2003. Will Rwenzori's snow vanish? The New Vision (Uganda's National Newspaper), June 16th, 2003
- Hughes, M. and Taylor, R.G., 2003. Review: Spring Catchment, Volume 4 Series of Manuals on Drinking Water Supply. Waterlines, Vol. 21(4), pp. 31.
- Taylor, R.G., 2003. Monitoring well water quality – how much to purge when sampling groundwater? Waterlines Vol. 21(4), p. 26.
Recent Grants & Fellowships
|Groundwater resources in the Indo-Gangetic Basin: resilience to climate change and pumping
awarding body: Department for International Development (Ref. GA/11F/099/S2)
PIs: Dr. A. MacDonald (BGS), Dr. R.G. Taylor. Dr. W.G. Burgess (UCL)
amount awarded: £565k
|Enhancing Water for Food: poverty reduction through improved management of ecosystem services for sustainable food production in sub-Saharan Africa
awarding body: Natural Environment Research Council (ESPA PPD, No. NE/I00386X/1)
PIs: Professor Nuwagaba (Makerere University) & Dr. R.G. Taylor (UCL)
amount awarded: £48K
|2010-2011||Groundwater resilience to climate change in Africa
awarding body: Department for International Development (Ref. GA/09F/094)
PIs: Dr. A. MacDonald (BGS), R. Calow (ODI), Dr. R.G. Taylor (UCL)
amount awarded: £284K
|2007-2010||Global-scale impacts of climate change: an integrated multi-sectoral assessment
awarding body: Natural Environment Research Council (QUEST Theme 3, No. NE/E001890/1)
PIs: Dr. R. Taylor, Dr. M. Todd, J. Thompson (UCL) (consortium led by Professor N. Arnell, Walker Institute, University of Reading)
amount awarded: £1750K (£177K to UCL)
|2007-2008||Hydrological implications of deglaciation in the Rwenzori Mountains of East Africa
awarding body: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Small Research Grants Programme with the Royal Geographical Society, Ref. 01/07)
PI: Dr. R. Taylor
amount awarded: £2.9K
|2004-2005||Assessing the impacts of climate change and variability on water resources in Uganda: developing an integrated approach at the sub-regional scale
awarding body: START Africa Small Grants Programme (International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, World Climate Research Programme, International Human Dimensions Programme on global environmental change, project ref. 202 457 5859)
PIs: Dr. Charles Basalirwa (Makerere University), Dr. R. Taylor (UCL)
amount awarded: £12.5K
|2003-2004||Climate change and the aquatic ecosystems of the Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda
awarding body: Royal Geographical Society (co-winner Ralph Brown Award 2003)
PIs: Drs. R. Taylor, N. Rose, A.W. Mackay (UCL)
amount awarded: £7.5K
|2002-2005||Assessing and Improving Sustainability of Urban Water Resources and Systems
awarding body: European Union (Ref. EVK1-CT-2002-00110-AISUWRS, subcontract from Surrey University)
PIs: Dr. Mathias Eiswirth (Universität Karlsruhe)
amount awarded: £1070K (£5K to UCL)
|2004||Late Holocene changes in alpine vegetation of the Rwenzori Mountains
awarding body: The Royal Society (Study Visit Grant, Dr. I. Ssemmanda, Makerere University)
PIs: Drs. A.W. Mackay, R. Taylor (UCL)
|2003||Climate change and the aquatic ecosystems of the Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda
awarding body: The Royal Society (Study Visit Grant)
PIs: Dr. R. Taylor (UCL)
|2001-2002||Canada-UK Millennium Fellowship
awarding body: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
PIs: Dr. R. Taylor (UCL)
amount awarded: £5K
|2000-2002||Impact and sustainability of intensive groundwater abstraction from deeply weathered aquifer systems
awarding body: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Post-Doctoral Fellowship (Ref. PDF-230770-2000)
PIs: Dr. R. Taylor
amount awarded: £35K
|1999||Contaminant transport in weathered crystalline rock aquifers
awarding body: Department for International Development (supplementary grant to ARGOSS project)
PIs: Dr. R. Taylor, Dr. M.H. Barrett (Surrey University), Dr. D. Macdonald (British Geological Survey), Dr. M. Nalubega (Makerere University
amount awarded: £15K
|1994-1996||Sustainability and suitability of shallow groundwater development in the weathered overburden of Uganda
awarding body: International Development Research Centre Canada, Young Canadian Researcher's Award
PIs: Dr. R. Taylor
amount awarded: £6K
Research interests fall primarily into two areas:
1) the impact of climate change and rapid development on freshwater resources with a particular focus on basin stores of freshwater; and
2) the role of groundwater in improving food security and access to safe water.
1. climate change and freshwater stores (groundwater) and fluxes
Current research is focused on the impact of climate variability and change on freshwater resources and water scarcity at the basin scale. Improving the analysis of climate-related impacts on natural freshwater stores including principallygroundwater but also soil moisture and ice, is a key component of on-going research. Although the use of models (analytical, statistical, numerical) plays a critical role in this research, a central aspect of this research is the use of observations, both ground-based and spaceborne (e.g. GRACE), as observations enable the development and testing of our conceptual understanding of the relationship between climate variability and change and terrestrial freshwater stores. This research contributes directly to international scientific programmes including UNESCO-GRAPHIC (Expert Advisory Panel) and IAH Commission on Groundwater and Climate Change (Co-Chair). Through both of these fora, I currently advocate for the establishment of an international programme for the collation and sharing of groundwater data similar to that which exists for precipitation (WMO) and river discharge (GRDC). Current research in this area includes: Groundwater resilience to climate change in Africa and QUEST-GSI: Global-scale impacts of climate change. Recently completed research includes: Hydrological and climatological impacts of deglaciation in the Rwenzori Mountains of East Africa and projected changes in water resources in Uganda (e.g. Climate and Water in Uganda, Impact of climate change on the terrestrial hydrology of a humid, equatorial catchment in Uganda).
2. groundwater - food security & access to safe water
My research is also focused on the role of groundwater in enabling communities in low-income communities to adapt to the pressures of rapid development and climate variability. To date, research has focused primarily on the hydrogeology of weathered crystalline rock (saprolite-saprock) aquifer systems that underlie much of the tropics including 40% of sub-Saharan Africa and the entire Great Lakes Region of Africa (GLRA). More recently, research has been extended to include shallow alluvial aquifers in the Bengal Basin - the largest of the Asian Mega-Deltas. Research is both pragmatic - seeking to resolve the capacity of both aquifer systems to sustain groundwater abstraction for irrigation and urban water supplies (e.g. NERC/ESRC/DFID ESPA: Enhancing Water for Food: poverty reduction through improved management of ecosystem services for sustainable food production in sub-Saharan Africa) - and fundamental (evolutionary hydrogeology) - seeking to understand how the long-term geomorphological evolution of aquifers in both environments determines their characteristics and interactions between groundwater and surface water:
- Groundwater resilience to climate change in Africa;
- Shallow groundwater dynamics in the Bengal Basin and their implications for arsenic mobilisation and sustainable irrigation; and
- Groundwater/surface water interactions on deeply weathered surfaces of low relief in the Upper Nile Basin of Uganda).
|Drs. Shamsudduha (2011) and Owor (2010) with Richard|
DAN LAPWORTH (PhD, 2013-)
Thesis: to be decided
Co-supervision: Dr. Willy Burgess, UCL Earth Sciences
GRAHAM BRADLEY (PhD, 2007-2011): Thermochronology, landscape evolution, and hydrogeology of the Katonga Valley in south-west Uganda. UCL Geography TA Studentship
Co-supervision: Dr. Andy Carter & Dr. Charlie Bristow, UCL Earth Sciences
- Graham is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences, SUNY Oswego.
MOHAMMAD SHAMSUDDUHA (PhD, 2007-2011): Groundwater dynamics and arsenic mobilisation in Bangladesh: a national-scale characterisation. Dorothy Hodgkin EPSRC PhD Studentship
Co-supervision: Dr. Richard Chandler, UCL Department of Statistics; Professor K.M. Ahmed (Department of Geology, University of Dhaka)
- 'Shams' is a Post-Doctoral Research Associate in the UCL Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction.
CRYSTAL FENWICK (PhD, 2006-2010): Identifying the water poor - an indicator approach to assessing water poverty in rural Mexico. EPSRC PhD Studentship,
Co-supervision: Dr. Sarah Bell, UCL Civil, Environmental & Geomatic Engineering (primary supervisor)
- Crystal is based in the US and engaged in environmental consultancy.
MICHAEL OWOR (PhD, 2006-2010): Groundwater/surface-water interactions on deeply weathered surfaces of low relief in the Upper Nile Basin of Uganda. Commonwealth Academic Staff Scholarship, Co-supervision: Dr. Julian Thompson, UCL Geography
- Michael is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Geology and Petroleum Studies, Makerere University in Kampala.
LUCINDA MILEHAM (PhD, 2004-2008): Impact of climate change on terrestrial hydrology in a humid, equatorial catchment in Uganda. NERC PhD Studentship, Co-supervision: Dr. Martin Todd, Dr. Julian Thompson, UCL Geography
- Lucinda is based in the UK.
SRIVATSAN VIJAYARAGHAVAN (PhD, 2004-2008): Climate change impacts over the Okavango Delta region of southern Africa using Regional Climate Models - quantifying errors and uncertainties. Dorothy Hodgkin NERC PhD Studentship, Co-supervision: Dr. Martin Todd, UCL Geography (primary supervisor)
- Sri is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the National University of Singapore where he is developing and assessing projections of future climate change in SE Asia using Regional Climate Models.
CALLIST TINDIMUGAYA (PhD, 2004-2008): Groundwater flow and storage in weathered crystalline rock aquifer systems of Uganda: evidence from environmental tracers and aquifer responses to hydraulic stress. International Atomic Energy Agency PhD Fellowship, Co-supervision: Professor John Barker and Professor Tim Atkinson, UCL Earth Sciences
- Callist is the Commissioner for Water Resources Regulation in the Ministry of Water and Environment, Uganda.
PAUL DENNIS (PhD, 2003-2007): How do rhizosphere bacteria interact with their environment at the microhabitat scale? BBSRC CASE Doctoral Studentship, Co-supervision: Dr. Tony Miller, Dr. Penny Hirsch, Rothamsted Research; Dr. Eva Valsami-Jones, Natural History Museum
- Paul is a Post-Doctoral Researcher in the Australian Centre for Ecogenomincs at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia.