Dr Peter JS Jones
Department of Geography
University College London (UCL)
Pearson Building (Room G24)
London WC1E 6BT
- Critique of proposed Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) Directive: see recent paper and blog that criticises the European Commission's proposed MSP Directive as being an unnecessary addition to an already crowded and fractured marine policy landscape
- Governing marine protected areas: towards social-ecological resilience through institutional diversity - Special Issue of Marine Policy published based on Marine Protected Area Governance (MPAG) research project: see overview and contents list
- Invited to give opening plenary talk at the Global Marine Protected Area Enforcement conference, San Francisco. The presentation, based on the findings of the MPA Governance project, highlighted that governance systems tend to be more resilient to the driving forces that can challenge the fulfillment of conservation objectives where a larger diversity of different incentives are used in combination
- Invited to present at a conference in London on ‘Marine Conservation, Marine Protected Areas and Sustainable Development'. My presentation stressed the differences between MPAs under European and UK legislation, and discussed some key governance challenges and questions that will to need to be addressed as more MPAs are designated in coming years, over a period when ports will need to expand. Related MESMA news article
- Invited to provide a briefing and answer questions at the opening session of an Inquiry into Marine Policy in Wales: Thursday 4 October, National Assembly for Wales - News Article - Video recording of session (starts at 6 mins and 40 secs)
- Review and analysis published of progress and issues arising in process to designate a network of marine protected areas (MPAs) around the UK, . See also an that discusses some of the points from this paper.
1985 - BSc Biological Sciences, Portsmouth Polytechnic, specialising in marine ecology
1988 - MSc Marine Resource Development and Protection, Heriot-Watt University
1997 - PhD Value conflicts underlying the governance of marine protected areas, Heriot-Watt University
1997 - Research Fellow, Jackson Environment Institute, University College London
2000 - Senior Research Fellow, Jackson Environment Institute, University College London
2001 - Lecturer, Dept of Geography, University College London
2010 - Senior Lecturer, Dept of Geography, University College London
Peter specialises in research on different approaches to governing human uses of marine ecosystems. He is internationally recognised as an authority on marine protected area, marine spatial planning and fisheries governance issues, with a particular focus on how state, market and participative approaches can be combined to achieve strategic conservation objectives. He has been an advisor to the European Common Fisheries Policy and England's conservation agency on marine protected area governance and recently undertook a project for the United Nations Environment Programme to analyse how different approaches can be combined to effectively govern marine protected areas, based on 20 case studies around the world (www.mpag.info). He is also leading a work programme on governance as part of a project on the monitoring and evaluation of spatially managed marine areas (www.mesma.org) to support the development and implementation of marine spatial planning in Europe's seas
I convene one core module for the MSc Conservation: Rural Matrix (GEOGG055), as well as one optional module: Marine Conservation (GEOGG061). I also contribute to the module Conservation and Environmental Management (GEOGG069)
I convene and teach on the 2nd year BA/BSc Geography module Environment & Society (GEOG2009).
Seeof Peter teaching on a field study looking at managing coastal change, Tollesbury Marshes, Blackwater estuary, Essex.
Other academic roles
Marine MSc programme: Marine Resource Development & Protection/Marine Biodiversity & Biotechnology/Climate Change: Managing the Marine Environment, Heriot-Watt University (2010/11-2012/13); BSc Environmental Management/Biology/Science, Imperial College (2003/04-2006/07); BSc Marine Resource Management, University of Aberdeen (2003/04-2005/06); Diploma in Ecology and Conservation, Birkbeck College ( 2002/03-2006/07);
Carter C (2012) Tourism, conservation and development around a marine protected area in Kenya. Department of Anthropology, UCL (internal examiner)
Kusakabe E. (2011) Renascent social capital in Japanese communities: networks for building a sustainable society. The Bartlett School of Architecture, Building, Environmental Design & Planning, UCL (internal examiner)
Ponnampalam L.S. (2008) Ecological studies and conservation of small cetaceans in the Sultanate of Oman, with special reference to spinner dolphins, Stenella longirostris. Millport Marine Biological Station, University of London (internal examiner)
Leujak W. (2006) Monitoring of coral communities in South Sinai with particular reference to visitor impacts. Millport Marine Biological Station, University of London (internal examiner)
Smith T.F. (2002) Australian estuary management: drivers and perspectives. University of New South Wales (external examiner).
Journal papers (Chronological Order)
Jones P.J.S., De Santo E.M., Qiu W and Vestergaard O. (2013) Introduction: an empirical framework for deconstructing the realities of governing marine protected areas. Marine Policy 41, 1-4. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.12.025 - Copy of paper, introductory article to special issue drawing on Marine Protected Area Governance Project
Jones P.J.S., Qiu W. and De Santo E.M (2013) Governing Marine Protected Areas: social-ecological resilience through institutional diversity. Marine Policy 41, 5-13. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.12.026 - Copy of paper, synthesis article of special issue drawing on Marine Protected Area Governance Project
Jones P.J.S. (2013) A Governance Analysis of the Galápagos Marine Reserve. Marine Policy 41, 14-24 doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.12.019 - Copy of paper, case study in special issue drawing on Marine Protected Area Governance Project
Roberts T and Jones P.J.S. (2013) North East Kent European Marine Site: overcoming barriers to conservation through community engagement. Marine Policy 41, 33-40. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.12.016; case study in special issue drawing on Marine Protected Area Governance Project
Jones P.J.S. (2013) Governing protected areas to fulfil biodiversity conservation obligations: from Habermasian ideals to a more instrumental reality. Environment, Development and Sustainability 15(1), 39-50. doi:10.1007/s10668-012-9375-3 - Copy of paper
Stelzenmüller V., Breen P., Thomsen F., Badalamenti F., Borja A., Buhl-Mortensen L., Carlstöm J., D’Anna G., Dankers N., Degraer S., Dujin M., Fiorentino F., Galparsoro I., Giakoumi S., Gristina M., Johnson K., Jones P.J.S., Katsanevakis S., Knittweis L. Kyriazi Z., Pipitone C., Piwowarczyk J., Rabaut M., Sørensen T.K., Stamford T., van Dalfsen J., Vassilopoulou V., Fernández T.V., Vincx M., Vöge S., Weber A., Wijkmark N., Jak R., Qiu W. and ter Hofstede, R. (2013) Monitoring and evaluation of spatially managed areas: a generic framework for implementation of ecosystem based marine management and its applications. Marine Policy 37(1),149-164. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.04.012
Jones P.J.S. (2012) Marine Protected Areas in the UK: challenges in combining top-down and bottom-up approaches to governance. Environmental Conservation 39(3), 248-258. Open Access - doi:10.1017/S0376892912000136. See also an article in Fishing News that discusses some of the points from this paper.
Fenburg P.B., Caselle J., Claudet J., Clemence M., Gaines S., García-Charton J.A., Gonçalves E., Grorud-Colvert K., Guidetti P., Jenkins S., Jones P.J.S., Lester S., McAllen R., Moland E., Planes S. and Sørensen T.K. (2012) The science of European marine reserves: status, efficacy and needs. Marine Policy 36(5), 1012-1021. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.021 - Copy of paper. Based on European edition of PISCO Science of Marine Reserves series
Fleming D.M. and Jones P.J.S. (2012) Challenges to achieving greater and fairer stakeholder involvement in marine spatial planning as illustrated by the Lyme Bay scallop dredging closure. Marine Policy 36(2), 370-377. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2011.07.006
Appleby T. and Jones P.J.S. (2012) The marine and coastal access act - A hornets’ nest? Marine Policy 36(1), 73-77. doi:10.1016/ j.marpol.2011.03.009
McCay B.J. and Jones P.J.S. (2011) Marine protected areas and the governance of marine ecosystems and fisheries. Conservation Biology 25(6), 1130-1133. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2011.01771.x - Copy of paper. Invited essay in special issue marking 25th anniversary of this journal.
Katsanevakis S., Stelzenmüller V., South A., Sørensen T.K., Jones P.J.S., Kerr S., Badalamenti F., Anagnostou C., Breen P., Chust G., D’Anna G., Duijn M., Filatova T., Fiorentino F., Hulsman H., Johnson K., Karageorgis A.P., Kroencke I., Mirto S., Pipitone C., Portelli S., Qiu W., Reiss H., Sakellariou D., Salomidi M., van Hoof L., Vassilopoulou V., Fernández T.V., Vöge S., Weber A., Zenetos A. and ter Hofstede, R. (2011) Ecosystem-based marine spatial management: review of concepts, policies, tools, and critical issues. Ocean and Coastal Management 54(1), 807-820. doi:10.1016/ocecoaman.2011.09.002
Gerhardinger L.C., Godoy E.A.S., Jones P.J.S., Sales, G. and Ferreira, B.P. (2011) Marine Protected Dramas: the flaws of the Brazilian system of marine protected areas. Environmental Management 47(4), 630-643. doi:10.1007/s00267-010-9554-7
Roberts T. and Jones P.J.S. (2009) Shellfishing, eider ducks and nature conservation on the Wash: questions raised by a fractured partnership. Society & Natural Resources 22(6), 538-553. doi:10.1080/08941920802029706 - Copy of paper
Jones P.J.S. and Carpenter A. (2009) Crossing the divide: the challenges of designing an ecologically coherent and representative network of MPAs for the UK. Marine Policy 33(5), 737-743. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2009.02.006 - Copy of paper
Gerhardinger L.C., Godoy E.A.S. and Jones P.J.S. (2009) Local ecological knowledge and the management of marine protected areas in Brazil. Ocean & Coastal Management 52(3-4), 147-232. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2008.12.007
Brunner E.J., Jones P.J.S., Friel S. and Bartley M. (2009) Fish, human health and marine ecosystem health: policies in collision? International Journal of Epidemiology 38(1), 93-100. doi:10.1093/ije/dyn157
Jones P.J.S. (2008) Fishing industry and related perspectives on the issues raised by no-take marine protected area proposals. Marine Policy 32(4), 749-758. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2007.12.009 - Copy of paper
De Santo E.M. and Jones P.J.S. (2007) The Darwin Mounds – from undiscovered coral to the development of an offshore marine protected area regime. Bulletin of Marine Science 81(s1), 147-156. Copy of paper
Jones P.J.S. (2007) Point of View - Arguments for conventional fisheries management and against no-take marine protected areas: only half of the story? Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 17(1), 31-43. doi:10.1007/s11160-006-9016-8 - Copy of paper
De Santo E.M. and Jones P.J.S. (2007) Offshore marine conservation policies in the North East Atlantic: emerging tensions and opportunities. Marine Policy 31(3), 336-347. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2006.10.001 - Copy of paper
Jones P.J.S. (2006) The Marine Bill: cornucopia or Pandora’s Box? ECOS: A Review of Conservation 27(2), 1-6 (Editorial in a special issue on the Marine Bill of the journal of the British Association of Nature Conservationists). Copy of edited paper - Original full version of paper
Jones P.J.S. and Burgess J. (2005) Building partnership capacity for the collaborative management of marine protected areas in the UK: a preliminary analysis. Journal of Environmental Management 77(3), pp 227-243. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.04.004 - Copy of paper
Davos C.A., Jones P.J.S, Side J.C. and Siakavara K. (2002) Attitudes towards participation in cooperative coastal management: four European case studies. Coastal Management 30(3), pp 209-220. doi:10.1080/08920750290042165 - Copy of paper
Jones P.J.S (2001) Marine protected area strategies: issues, divergences and the search for middle ground. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11(3), pp 197-216. doi:10.1023/A:1020327007975 - errata - Copy of paper. Note that this paper is classified by the publishers and ISI Web of Knowledge as being a 2001 paper so 2001 is the correct citation date, not 2002.
Edwards S.D., Jones P.J.S. and Nowell D.E. (1997) Participation in coastal zone management initiatives: a review and analysis of examples from the UK. Ocean & Coastal Management 36(1-3), pp 143-165. Main & contact author of this paper. doi:10.1016/S0964-5691(97)00011-2 - Copy of paper
Jones P.J.S. (1999) Economic and sociocultural priorities for marine conservation. pp 354 -365 in (Kaiser, M.J. and de Groot S.J., Eds) Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats: biological, conservation and socio-economic issues. Blackwell Science, Oxford. Copy of chapter
Jones P.J.S. (2012) Governing marine protected area: resilience through diversity. Opening plenary talk at the Global Marine Protected Area Enforcement conference, San Francisco. Copy of presentation; based on findings of the MPA Governance project.
Jones P.J.S., Qiu, W. and De Santo E.M. (2011) Governing marine protected areas: getting the balance right. Invited keynote address at Nordic Council of Ministers and Food and Agriculture Organisation conference Exploring the Role of MPAs in Reconciling Fisheries Management with Conservation. 29-31 March 2011, Institute of Marine Research, Norway. Based on UNEP report
Jones P.J.S. (2008) Governing protected areas to fulfil biodiversity conservation obligations: from Habermasian ideals to a more instrumental reality? Paper presented at the 12th Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons - Governing shared resources: connecting local experience to global challenges. 14-18 July 2008, University of Gloucestershire, UK. Published as paper in Jones (2012) in Environment, Development and Sustainability
Jones P.J.S. (2007) Arguments for conventional fisheries management and against no-take marine protected areas: only half of the story? Invited keynote address, European Symposium on Marine Protected Areas as a Tool for Fisheries Management and Ecosystem Conservation, 25-28 Sept 2007, Murcia, Spain. Based on published paper: doi:10.1007/s11160-006-9016-8. Copy of paper
Richardson J., Reilly J. and Jones P.J.S. (2003) Community and public participation: risk communication and improving decision making in flood and coastal defence. Presentation at 38th DEFRA Flood & Coastal Management Conference, Keele University, 16-18 July 2003; based on report to DEFRA/EA from Scott-Wilson on R&D project under the Flood & Coastal Defence Research Programme: Policy Development theme. PDF of conference paper
Jones P.J.S. (2000) Stakeholder participation in coastal management: horses for courses. Atlantic Living Coastlines Conference, University of Plymouth, 3-4 Feb 2000.
Jones P.J.S., Side J.C., Kerr S., Brooksbank J and Pelling M. (1995) The use and appropriateness of contingent valuation in the context of the strategic management of the Forth Estuary. pp 195-196 in (McLusky, D.S., Ed.) Coastal zone topics: process, ecology & management, 3. The estuaries of central Scotland. Natural History Book Service, Totnes, Devon
Jones P.J.S and Kerr S. (1995) The potential role of environmental management and conflict resolution techniques in the coastal zone. pp 57-75 in proceedings (Whitmarsh, D., Ed.) Management techniques in the coastal zone. Centre for Coastal Zone Management, 24-25 October 1994, University of Portsmouth.
Jones P.J.S., Qiu, W. and De Santo E.M. (2011) Governing marine protected areas: getting the balance right. Nature news feature 'Ocean Conservation: uncertain sanctuary' discusses some of the findings of this report and the editorial of this issue of Nature discusses this news feature: 'Troubled Waters'
Jones P.J.S. (2007) Fishing industry and related views on no-take marine protected area proposals in SW England. Research Report, Department of Geography, UCL. Download
Stevens T., Jones P.J.S., Howell K. and Mee L. (2006) Methods for managing Marine Protected Areas: options for establishing and managing a marine protected area system in the UK. Report to Natural England. Download Report
Richardson J., Floyd P., Jones P.J.S., Sheate W (2003) Community and public participation: risk communication and improving decision making in flood and coastal defence. Report to DEFRA/EA from Scott-Wilson on R&D project under the Flood & Coastal Defence Research Programme: Policy Development theme.See DEFRA project web site. PDF of project report.
Jones P.J.S., Burgess J. and Bhattachary D. (2001) An evaluation of approaches for promoting relevant authority and stakeholder participation in European marine sites in the UK . English Nature (UK Marine SACs Project). ISBN 1 85716 584 5. Download a pdf copy of the Final Report or the Summary Final Report. See Abstract or copy of paper that analyses these findings.
Jones P.J.S. (2001) Recommendations concerning approaches for promoting relevant authority and stakeholder participation in marine SACs in the Azores. Report to the LIFE MARÉ Project. Download a pdf copy of the Final Report
Fry V.E and Jones P.J.S. (2000) The development of meaningful indicators of estuary management partnership success. Report to English Nature (Estuaries Initiative). Download a pdf copy of the Final Report or the Summary Final Report
Fry V.E and Jones P.J.S. (2000) A workshop on information sources and needs for the Essex Estuaries Initiative. Report to the Essex Estuaries Initiative of workshop, 7 Sept 2000, Colchester.
Brooksbank J.C. and Jones P.J.S. (1999) A research strategy for the Essex Estuaries European marine site. Report to the Essex Estuaries Initiative of workshop, 15 April 1999, Colchester.
Clark J.V., Jones P.J.S. and Brown J. (1998) Stakeholder decision analysis process: a report of the Severn Estuary Strategy workshops.
Clark J., Burgess J., Dando N., Bhattachary D., Heppell K., Jones P., Murlis J. and Wood P. (1998) Prioritising the issues in Local Environment Agency Plans through consensus building with stakeholder groups. Environment and Society Research Unit, Dept of Geography, University College London. R&D Project Record W4/001/1, Environment Agency, Bristol. Copies available from the Environment Agency R&D Dissemination Centre.
Davos C.A., Side J.C., Jones P.J.S., Siakavara K., La Roca, F. Garcia E., Burone F. and Kerkhove G. (1997) The role of Value Conflict Assessment Techniques (VALCOAST) in the formulation of implementable and effective coastal zone management policies. A Report to the European Commission (DG XII-D5). Volume 1 - Main report of the study. Volume 2 - Appendices: (1) Case study reports; (2) The research instrument.
Jones P.J.S., Side J.C., Kerr S., Brooksbank J.C. and Pelling M. (1995) The use and appropriateness of environmental valuation in a strategic coastal management initiative. Report to Scottish Natural Heritage under the Firths Initiative by the Institute of Offshore Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh.
Jones P.J.S. (1991) An assessment of the long term fate and environmental consequences of the oily cuttings pile beneath the Valhall Platform and a review of potential treatment/disposal options. Report to Amoco (Norway) Oil Company by the Institute of Offshore Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh.
Jones P.J.S (1988) An investigation into the bacterial Beggiatoa mats covering the experimental oily cuttings pile in Loch Ewe. Report to the Institute of Petroleum.
My research is focused on marine ecosystem governance issues, with a particular focus on those raised by marine protected area and marine spatial planning initiatives as a means of achieving biodiversity and fisheries conservation objectives. It is both inter-disciplinary, crossing social-natural sciences, and translational, bringing theoretical perspectives to real challenges, contributing to both theories and practices. In terms of environmental sociology, rather than adopting a structure or agency approach to analysing governance issues, my research adopts a realist institutional analysis approach, whereby the interactions between structure and agency and their co-evolution are the focus. In terms of environmental governance, my research challenges the widely held view that people-focused (neo-institutional) and/or market-focused (neoliberal) approaches should be the focus of governance. My empirical work on marine ecosystem governance is premised on arguments that a combination of governance approaches is required, and that state-focused (neo-Hobbesian) approaches are also of critical importance. My research is recognised as challenging the current dominance of neo-institutional and neoliberal views, employing empirical analyses of marine protected area and marine spatial planning governance case studies to support the argument that whilst both people and market-focused governance approaches are important, the state plays a key role in steering markets and people, and that the state’s role is critically important if strategic conservation objectives and obligations are to be fulfilled and institutuional resilience to the potentially perturbing effects of driving forces is to be developed.
Current Research Projects
Marine protected area governance (MPAG)
This research began when I started my part-time PhD in 1991 (completed 1997) and is ongoing. It recently culminated in the UNEP Technical Report Governing Marine Protected Areas: getting the balance right. Whilst there is currently a range of guidance available on how to manage marine protected areas (MPAs), there is less guidance available that considers MPAs from a governance perspective. This perspective poses a key question – how do we combine top-down, bottom-up and market approaches for reaching and implementing decisions in order to achieve effective and equitable MPAs? It is widely accepted that all three approaches are important, but how might they be combined in different MPA contexts? To tackle this question a new partnership, led by Dr Peter Jones, amongst a group of governance experts and MPA planners and managers has been initiated to analyse MPA case studies and develop guidance on governing MPAs in seas under national jurisdiction. 20 MPA case study from around the world have been brought together in the preliminary phase and subjected to detailed analysis employing a new governance analysis framework, ‘deconstructing’ the complexities of MPA governance employing 40 incentives from five categories. The report describes the findings of this work. It is intended to provide a foundation for further research and learning, employing the governance analysis framework in different contexts on a meta-analysis basis, and providing a preliminary resource for MPA managers to consider how different incentives might be combined to support the governance of their MPA. Report and supporting material available at MPAG website. Also, see discussion of this report in MPAs News; Nature news feature 'Ocean Conservation: uncertain sanctuary' discusses some of the findings of the UNEP report on Governing Marine Protected Areas and the editorial of this issue of Nature discusses this news feature: 'Troubled Waters'
Montoring and evaluation of spatially managed marine areas (MESMA)
November 2009 - October 2013. Dr Peter Jones is part of this consortium of researchers around the EU that was awarded a € 6,569K (UCL € 666K) grant under the European Commission's 7th Framework Programme. This major study will play a key role in the development and implementation of European policies on marine ecosystem-based management, particularly through marine spatial planning and marine protected area initiatives under the Marine Strategy Directive and the Habitats Directive. It will also lead to major contributions to relevant theories/literatures on implementing the ecosystem-based approach to managing our seas. Dr Jones is leading the overarching work programme on governance issues, that will analyse different approaches to implementing marine spatial planning, including through marine protected areas. The project is led by the Institute for Marine Resources & Ecosystem Studies (IMARES, The Netherlands) and involves 21 research organisations from 12 EU and related countries. This project is very relevant to the development and implementation of marine spatial planning (MSP) that is being promoted around the UK through the Marine and Coastal Access Act.
- MESMA website
- MESMA video
- Working Paper on emergence of EU policy landscape for marine spatial planning
European version of The Science of Marine Reserves, working group for which co-chaired by Peter Jones (download from PISCO website)
Current PhD Students
Matthew Fortnam - Transformations of marine governance: an analysis of processes that change the trajectories of social-ecological systems
Christina Geijer - Connecting the nodes: an analysis of MPA networks for migratory whale conservation.
Lucia Perez - A governance analysis of MPAs in Galicia, Spain
Minsuk Jun - An analysis of different perspectives on MPA designation processes in California.
Research related activities
MMO Appointee to the Sussex Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authority
Advisor to the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas/Marine Programme and the UNEP Marine Ecosystems programme on marine protected area governance issues (since November 2007)
DG Fisheries: Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee on Fisheries (STECF) sub-group: Evaluation of Closed Areas (SGMOS) (March – Oct 2007)
Marine Science Technical Advisory Group, English Nature (Dec 2003 – July 2006);
Reviewer of marine research proposals/reports for DEFRA, ESRC, NERC, Natural England, Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Canadian Parks & Wilderness Society, and Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Also review book proposals related to marine ecosystem governance for publishers, particularly Earthscan.
Reviewer of deep sea fisheries assessments for the International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES) (March 2008).
International Editorial Board Member: Marine Policy (since January 2004). Manuscript reviewer for AMBIO; Aquatic Conservation; Biological Conservation; Coastal Management; Conservation Biology; Conservation Letters; Environmental Conservation; Environmental Policy and Governance; Journal of Environmental Assessment, Policy and Management; Journal of Environmental Management; Journal of Environmental Planning and Management; Oryx; The Geographical Journal; Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.