UCL Department of Geography
Professor Chronis Tzedakis
  
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Professor Chronis Tzedakis

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Chronis Tzedakis.jpgProfessor of Physical Geography

Room 107
Pearson Building
UCL Department of Geography
University College London
Gower Street
London.
WC1E 6BT.

E-Mail: p.c.tzedakis@ucl.ac.uk
Tel: 020 7679 0583 (ex 30583)
Fax: 020 7679 0565

Biography

I hold the Chair of Physical Geography at UCL, where I have been based since September 2009. I joined UCL from the University of Leeds, where I was Professor of Global Change Palaeoecology (2004-2009), Leverhulme Trust Research Fellow (2006-2007) and Senior Lecturer in Geography (2001-2004). Before that, I was at Cambridge as a NERC Advanced Research Fellow in Geography (1995-2000) and a Fellow of Robinson College (1995-2000), and as post-doctoral researcher in Plant Sciences (1992-1994). I was educated at Boston University (BA, 1985), Brown University (ScM, 1987) and Cambridge (PhD, 1991).

Education:

1987-1991       University of Cambridge
Ph.D. in Quaternary Research
Dissertation Title: Vegetation Dynamics in Northwest Greece in
Response to Quaternary Climatic Cycles (K.D. Bennett, supervisor)

1985-1987       Brown University, USA
Sc.M. in Geological Sciences (T.Webb III, supervisor)

1981-1985       Boston University, USA
B.A. First Class honours (Magna Cum Laude) in Geology

Appointments held:

2006-2007       Leverhulme Trust Research Fellow
2004-2009       University of Leeds, Professor of Global Change
2001-2004       Senior Lecturer, School of Geography, University of Leeds
2001-               Senior Member, Robinson College, University of Cambridge
1995-2000       Fellow, Robinson College, University of Cambridge
1995-2000       NERC Advanced Fellow, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge
1992-1994       Post-doctoral Research Associate, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge
1985-1987       Research Assistant, Department of Geological Sciences, Brown University
1983                Research Assistant, Department of Geology, Boston University

Professional Service:

Outside University

2009-               Member, Editorial Board of Journal of Quaternary Science
2008-               Leader of the PAGES project on “Past Interglacials"
2007-               Member, Editorial Board of Earth and Planetary Science Letters
2004-2007       Co-leader, INQUA “MIS 11” core project
2003-2007       Member, INQUA Commission on Palaeoclimate
2003-2008       Editorial Board of Quaternary Science Reviews
2001-2004       Member, INQUA Working Group on MIS 11
1999-2003       Member, INQUA Subcommission on European Quaternary Stratigraphy
1997-2003       Member, European Pollen Database Advisory Board

University

2014-               Chair, Research Committee, Department of Geography, UCL
2010-2013       Chair, REF2014 Committee, Department of Geography, UCL
2005-06/2007-08 Cluster Leader, Ecology and Global Change, School of Geography, Leeds
2004-2005       Member, Strategy Group, School of Geography, Leeds
2004-2005       Member, Earth and Biosphere Institute Advisory Panel, Leeds
2003-2005       Member, Research Committee, School of Geography, Leeds
2003-2004       Leader, Earth System Science group, School of Geography, Leeds
2002-2004       Chair, Laboratory Committee, School of Geography, Leeds
1997-2000       Member, College Council, Robinson College, Cambridge
1995-2000       Member, Governing Body, Robinson College, Cambridge
1995-1997       Chair, Lectures and Seminars Committee, Godwin Institute, Cambridge
1993-1997       Organizer, Quaternary Discussion Group, Cambridge
1996                Member, Working Party on MPhil in Quaternary Science
1994-1995       Co-organizer, Working Group on Quaternary History of Greece, Cambridge
1989-1990       President, Graduate Society, Robinson College, Cambridge
1990                Member, Working Party on Research, Robinson College, Cambridge
1988-1989       Organizer, MCR Lectures, Robinson College, Cambridge
1988-1989       Organizer, Quaternary Lunch Club, Cambridge
1984-1985       President, Geological Society, Boston University
1984-1985       Organizer, Distinguished Lecture Series in Geology, Boston University

Publications

Selected publications

Past Interglacial Working Group of PAGES (2016) Interglacials of the last 800,000 years. Reviews of Geophysics , doi: 10.1002/2015RG000482.

Tzedakis, P.C., Emerson, B.E. & Hewitt, G.M. (2013) Cryptic or mystic? Glacial tree refugia in northern Europe. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28, 696-704, doi./10.1016/ j.tree. 2013.09.001.

Tzedakis, P.C., Wolff, E.W., Skinner, L.C., Brovkin, V., Hodell, D.A., McManus, J.F. & Raynaud, D. (2012) Can we predict the duration of an interglacial? Climate of the Past 8, 1473-1485, doi:10.5194/cp-8-1473-2012.

Tzedakis, P.C., Channell, J. E. T., Hodell, D. A., Kleiven, H. F. & Skinner, L. C. (2012) Determining the natural length of the current interglacial. Nature Geoscience 5, 138-141, doi: 10.1038/NGEO1358.

Margari, V., Skinner, L.C., Tzedakis, P.C., Ganopolski, A., Vautravers, M. & Shackleton, N.J. (2010) The nature of millennial-scale climate variability during the past two glacial periods. Nature Geoscience 3, 127-133, doi:10.1038/NGEO740.

Tzedakis, P.C., Raynaud, D.R, McManus, J.F., Berger, A., Brovkin, V. & Kiefer, T. (2009) Interglacial diversity. Nature Geoscience 2, 751-755, doi:10.1038/NGEO660.

Tzedakis, P.C., Hughen, K.A., Cacho, I. & Harvati, K. (2007) Placing late Neanderthals in a climatic context. Nature 449, 206-208, doi:10.1038/nature06117.

Tzedakis, P.C. (2007) Seven ambiguities in the Mediterranean palaeoenvironmental narrative. Quaternary Science Reviews 26, 2042-2066.

Tzedakis, P. C., Roucoux, K. H., de Abreu, L. & Shackleton, N. J. (2004) The duration of forest stages in southern Europe and interglacial climate variability. Science 306, 2231-2235, doi 10.1126/science.1102398.

Tzedakis, P.C., Lawson, I.T., Frogley, M.R., Hewitt, G.M. & Preece, R.C. (2002) Buffered Tree Population Changes in a Quaternary Refugium: Evolutionary Implications. Science 297, 2044-2047.

Frogley, M.R., Tzedakis, P.C. & Heaton, T.H.E. (1999) Climate variability in NW Greece during the last interglacial. Science 285, 1886-1889.

Tzedakis, P.C. (1993) Long-term tree populations in northwest Greece through multiple Quaternary climatic cycles. Nature 364, 437-440.

 

Edited Volumes

Rose, J., Tzedakis, P. & Elderfield, H. (Eds) (2006) Critical Quaternary Stratigraphy. Quaternary Science Reviews Volume 25, Issues 23-24, Pages 3089-3476.

 

Complete list of Journal Papers

Ruddiman, W.F., Fuller, D.Q., Kutzbach, J.E., Tzedakis, P.C., Kaplan, J.O., Ellis, E.C., Vavrus, S.J., Roberts, C.N., Fyfe, R., He, F., Lemmen, C. & Woodbridge, J. (2016) Late Holocene Climate: Natural or Anthropogenic? Reviews of Geophysics, doi: 10.1002/2015RG000503.

Birner, B., Hodell, D.A., Tzedakis, P.C. & Skinner, L.C. (2016) Similar millennial climate variability on the Iberian margin during two early Pleistocene glacials and MIS 3. Paleoceanography, doi: 10.1002/2015PA002868.

Hoogakker, B.A.A., Smith, R.S., Singarayer, J.S., Marchant, R., Prentice, I.C., Allen, J., Anderson, R.S., Bhagwat, S.A., Behling, H., Borisova, O., Bush, M., Correa-Metrio, A., de Vernal, A., Finch, J.M., Frechette, B., Garcia, S.L., Gosling, W.D., Granoszewski, W., Grimm, E.C., Gruger, E., Hanselman, J., Harrison, S.P., Hill, T.R., Huntley, B., Jimenez-Moreno, G., Kershaw, P., Ledru, M.-P., Magri, D., McKenzie, M., Muller, U., Nakagawa, T., Novenko, E., Penny, D., Sadori, L., Scott, L., Stevenson, J., Valdes, P.J., Vandergoes, M., Velichko, A., Whitlock, C. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2016) Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120,000 years and their impact on ocean d13C. Climate of the Past Discussion 11, 1031-1091, doi:10.5194/cpd-11-1031-2015, (accepted)

Past Interglacial Working Group of PAGES (2016) Interglacials of the last 800,000 years. Reviews of Geophysics, doi: 10.1002/2015RG000482.

Tzedakis, P.C., Margari, V. & D.A. Hodell, D.A. Coupled land-ocean millennial-scale changes in the Early Pleistocene. Global and Planetary Change, 83-88 doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.10.008

Govin, A., Capron, E., Tzedakis, P.C., Verheyden, S., Ghaleb, B., Hillaire-Marcel, C., St-Onge, G., Stoner, J., Bassinot, F., Bazin, L., Blunier, T., El Ouahabi, A, Genty, D., Gersonde, R., Jimenez-Amat, P., Landais, A., Martrat, B., Masson-Delmotte, V., Seidenkrantz, M.-S., Veres, D., Waelbroeck, C. & Zahn, R. (2015) Sequence of events from the onset to the demise of the Last Interglacial: evaluating strengths and limitations of chronologies used in climatic archives. Quaternary Science Reviews 129, 1-36, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.09.018.

Wilson, G.P., Reed, J.M., Frogley, M.R., Hughes, P.D. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2015) Reconciling diverse lacustrine and terrestrial system response to penultimate deglacial warming in Southern Europe. Geology 43, 819-822.

Pross, J., Koutsodendris, A., Christanis, K., Fischer, T., Fletcher, W.J., Hardiman, M., Kalaitzidis, S., Knipping, M., Kotthoff, U., Milner, A.M., Müller, U.C., Schmiedl, G., Siavalas, G., Tzedakis, P.C., Wulf, S. The 1.3-Ma-long terrestrial climate archive of Tenaghi Philippon, northeastern Greece: Evolution, exploration and perspectives for future research. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, doi:10.1127/nos/2015/0063.

Giaccio, B., Regattieri, E., Zanchetta, G., Nomade, S., Renne, P.R., Sprain, C.J., Drysdale, R.N., Tzedakis, P.C., Messina, P., Scardia, G., Sposato, A., Bassinot, F. (2015) Duration and dynamics of the best orbital analogue to the present interglacial. Geology 43, 603-606, doi:10.1130/G36677.1.

Litt, T., Pickarski, N., Heumann, G., Stockhecke, M. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2014) A 600,000 year long continental pollen record from Lake Van, eastern Anatolia (Turkey). Quaternary Science Reviews 15, 481-500.

Margari, V., Skinner, L.C., Hodell, D.A., Martrat, B., Toucanne, S., Grimalt, J.O., Gibbard, P.L., Lunkka, J.P. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2014) Land-ocean changes on orbital and millennial timescales and the penultimate glaciation. Geology 42,183-186, doi: 10.1130/G35070.1.

Tzedakis, P.C., Emerson, B.E. & Hewitt, G.M. (2013) Cryptic or mystic? Glacial tree refugia in northern Europe. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28, 696-704, doi. /10.1016/j.tree.2013.09.001

Lawson, I.T., Tzedakis, P.C., Roucoux, K.H. & Galanidou, N. (2013) The anthropogenic influence on wildfire regimes: charcoal records from the Holocene and Last Interglacial at Ioannina, Greece. Journal of Biogeography 40, 2324-2334, doi:10.1111/jbi.12164.

Hodell, D.A., Lourens, L., Stow, D.A.V., Hernández-Molina, J., Alvarez Zarikian, C.A. & the Shackleton Site Project Members (2013) The “Shackleton Site” (IODP Site U1385) on the Iberian Margin. Scientific Drilling 16, 13-19.

Channell, J.E.T., Hodell, D.A, Margari, V., Skinner, L.C., Tzedakis, P.C., & Kesler, M.S. (2013) Biogenic magnetite, detrital hematite, and relative paleointensity in Quaternary sediments from the Southwest Iberian Margin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 376, 99-109.

Hodell, D., Crowhurst, S., Skinner, L., Tzedakis, P.C., Margari, V., Maclaghlan, S. & Rothwell, G. (2013) Response of Iberian Margin sediments to orbital and suborbital forcing over the past 420 kyr. Paleoceanography 28, 1–15, doi:10.1002/palo.20017.

Torres, V., Hooghiemstra, H., Lourens, L. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2013) Astronomical tuning of long pollen records reveals the dynamic history of montane biomes and lake levels in the tropical high Andes during the Quaternary. Quaternary Science Reviews 63, 59-72.

Milner, A.M., Müller, U.C., Roucoux, K.H., Collier, R.E.L., Pross, J., Kalaitzidis, S., Christanis, K., and Tzedakis, P.C. (2013) Environmental variability during the Last Interglacial: a new high-resolution pollen record from Tenaghi Philippon, Greece. Journal of Quaternary Science, 28, 113-117.

Jones, T.D., Lawson, I.T., Reed, J.M., Wilson, G.P., Leng, M.J., Gierga, M., Bernasconi, S.M., Tzedakis, P.C. (2013) Diatom-inferred late Pleistocene and Holocene palaeolimnological changes in the Ioannina basin, northwest Greece. Journal of Paleolimnology 49, 185-204, doi 10.1007/s10933-012-9654-x.

Birks, HH., Giesecke, T., Hewitt, G.M., Tzedakis, P.C., Bakke, J., & Birks, H.J.B. (2012) Comment on ''Glacial Survival of Boreal Trees in Northern Scandinavia'' Science 338, 742, doi:10.1130/G33204.1

Tzedakis, P.C., Wolff, E.W., Skinner, L.C., Brovkin, V., Hodell, D.A., McManus, J.F. & Raynaud, D. (2012) Can we predict the duration of an interglacial? Climate of the Past 8, 1473-1485, doi:10.5194/cp-8-1473-2012.

Milner, A.M., Collier, R.E.L., Roucoux, K.H., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Kalaitzidis, S., Christanis, K. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2012) Enhanced seasonality of precipitation in the Mediterranean during the early part of the Last Interglacial. Geology, 40, 919-922, doi:10.1130/G33204.

Lowe, J., Barton, N., Blockley, S., Ramsey, C.B., Cullen, V.L., Davies, W., Gamble, C., Grant, K., Hardiman, M., Housley, R., Lane, C.S., Lee, S., Lewis, M., MacLeod, A., Menzies, M., Müller, W., Pollard, M., Price, C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Satow, C., Smith, V.C., Stringer, C.B., Tomlinson, E.L., White, D., Albert, P., Arienzo, I., Barker, G., Borić, D., Carandente, A., Civetta, L., Ferrier, C., Guadelli, J.-L., Karkanas, P., Koumouzelis, M., Müller, U.C., Orsi, G., Pross, J., Rosi, M., Shalamanov-Korobar, L., Sirakov, N. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2012) Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109, 13532-13537.

Tzedakis, P.C., Channell, J. E. T., Hodell, D. A., Kleiven, H. F. & Skinner, L. C. (2012) Determining the natural length of the current interglacial.  Nature Geoscience 5, 138-141, doi: 10.1038/NGEO1358.

Roucoux, K.H., Tzedakis, P.C., Lawson, I.T. & Margari, V. (2011) Vegetation history of the penultimate glacial period (Marine Isotope Stage 6) at Ioannina, north-west Greece. Journal of Quaternary Science 26, 616–626.

Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Tzedakis, P.C., Gamble, C., Kotthoff, U., Schmiedl, G., Wulf, S., Christanis, K. (2011) The role of climate in the spread of modern humans into Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 273-279.

Manzi, G., Magri, D., Milli, S., Palombo, M.R., Margari, V., Celiberti, V., Barbieri, M., Barbieri, M., Melis, R.T., Rubini, M., Ruffo, M., Saracino, B., Tzedakis, P.C., Zarattini, A., Biddittu, I. (2010) The new chronology of the Ceprano calvarium (Italy). Journal of Human Evolution 59, 580-585.

Fletcher, W.J., Sánchez Goñi, M.F., Allen, J.R.M., Cheddadi, R., Combourieu-Nebout, N., Huntley, B., Lawson, I., Londeix, L., Magri, D., Margari, V., Müller, U.C., Naughton, F., Novenko, E., Roucoux, K., Tzedakis, P.C. (2010) Millennial-scale variability during the last glacial in vegetation records from Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 2839-2864.

Tzedakis, P.C. (2010) The MIS 11 – MIS 1 analogy, southern European vegetation, atmospheric methane and the “early anthropogenic hypothesis”. Climate of the Past 6, 131-144.

Margari, V., Skinner, L.C., Tzedakis, P.C., Ganopolski, A., Vautravers, M. & Shackleton, N.J. (2010) The nature of millennial-scale climate variability during the past two glacial periods. Nature Geoscience 3, 127-133, doi:10.1038/NGEO740.

Tzedakis, P.C., Raynaud, D.R, McManus, J.F., Berger, A., Brovkin, V. & Kiefer, T. (2009) Interglacial diversity. Nature Geoscience 2, 751-755, doi:10.1038/NGEO660.

Tzedakis, P.C. (2009) Museums and cradles of Mediterranean biodiversity. Journal of Biogeography 36, 1033-1034.

Margari, V., Gibbard, P.L., Bryant, C.L. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2009) Character of vegetational and environmental changes in southern Europe during the last glacial period; evidence from Lesvos Island, Greece. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 1317-1339, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.01.008.

Tzedakis, P.C., Pälike, H., Roucoux, K.H. & de Abreu, L. (2009) Atmospheric methane, southern European vegetation and low-mid latitude links on orbital and millennial timescales. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 277, 307-317.

Roucoux, K.H., Tzedakis, P.C., Frogley, M.R., Lawson, I.T. & R.C. Preece. (2008) Vegetation history of the marine isotope stage 7 interglacial complex at Ioannina, NW Greece. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 1378-1395.

Wilson, G.P., Reed, J.M., Lawson, I.T., Frogley, M.R., Preece, R.C. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2008) Diatom response to the last glacial-interglacial transition in the Ioannina basin, northwest Greece: implications for Mediterranean palaeoclimate reconstruction Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 428-440.

Tzedakis, P.C. (2007) Seven ambiguities in the Mediterranean palaeoenvironmental narrative. Quaternary Science Reviews 26, 2042-2066.

Tzedakis, P.C., Hughen, K.A., Cacho, I. & Harvati, K. (2007) Placing late Neanderthals in a climatic context. Nature 449, 206-208, doi:10.1038/nature06117.

Pross, J., Tzedakis, P., Schmiedl, G., Christanis, K., Hooghiemstra, H., Müller, U.C. (2007) Tenaghi Philippon (Greece) Revisited: Drilling a Continuous Lower-Latitude Terrestrial Climate Archive of the Last 250,000 Years. Scientific Drilling 5, 44-46.

Tzedakis, P.C., Hooghiemstra, H. & Pälike, H. (2006) The last 1.35 million years at Tenaghi Philippon: revised chronostratigraphy and long-term vegetation trends. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 3416-3430.

Roucoux, K.H., Tzedakis, P.C., de Abreu, L. & Shackleton, N.J. (2006) Climate and vegetation changes 180,000 to 345,000 years ago recorded in a deep-sea core off Portugal. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 249, 307-325.

Tzedakis, P.C. (2005) Towards an understanding of the response of southern European vegetation to orbital and suborbital climate variability. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 1585-1599.

de Abreu, L., Abrantes, F. F., Shackleton, N. J, Tzedakis, P. C., McManus, J.F., Oppo, D. W. & Hall, M. A. (2005) Ocean climate variability in the eastern North Atlantic during interglacial marine isotope stage 11: A partial analogue to the Holocene? Paleoceanography 20, PA3009 10.1029/2004PA001091.

Roucoux, K. H., de Abreu, L., Shackleton, N. J & Tzedakis, P. C. (2005) The response of NW Iberian vegetation to North Atlantic climate oscillations during the last 65 kyr. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 1637-1653.

Lawson, I.T., Al-Omari, S., Tzedakis, P.C, Bryant, C. & Christanis, K. (2005) Lateglacial and Holocene vegetation history at Nisi Fen and the Boras mountains, northern Greece. The Holocene 15, 873-887.

Tzedakis, P. C., Roucoux, K. H., de Abreu, L. & Shackleton, N. J. (2004) The duration of forest stages in southern Europe and interglacial climate variability. Science 306, 2231-2235, doi 10.1126/science.1102398.

Lawson, I.T., Frogley, M.R., Tzedakis, P.C., Preece, R.C. & Bryant, C. (2004) Lateglacial and Holocene environmental history of the Ioannina basin, north-west Greece. Quaternary Science Reviews 23, 1599-1625.

Tzedakis, P.C., Frogley, M.R., Lawson, I.T., Preece, R.C., Cacho, I. & de Abreu, L. (2004) Ecological thresholds and patterns of millennial-scale climate variability: The response of vegetation in Greece during the last glacial period. Geology 32, 109-112.

Tzedakis, P.C., McManus, P.C., Hooghiemstra, H., Oppo, D. W. & Wijmstra, T.A. (2003) Comparison of changes in vegetation in northeast Greece with records of climate variability on orbital and suborbital frequencies over the last 450,000 years. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 212, 197-212.

Huntley, B., Alfano, M.J., Allen, J., Pollard, D. Tzedakis, P.C., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Grüger, E. & Watts, W.A. (2003) European vegetation during Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage 3, Quaternary Research 59, 195-212.

Tzedakis, P.C. (2003) Timing and duration of Last Interglacial conditions in Europe: a chronicle of a changing chronology. Quaternary Science Reviews 22, 763-768.

Tzedakis, P.C., Frogley, M.R. & Heaton, T.H.E. (2003) Last interglacial conditions in southern Europe: evidence from Ioannina, northwest Greece. Global and Planetary Change 36, 157-170.

Tzedakis, P.C., Lawson, I.T., Frogley, M.R., Hewitt, G.M. & Preece, R.C. (2003) Reply to comment on "Buffered vegetation changes in a Quaternary refugium: evolutionary implications". Science 299, 825b.

Tzedakis, P.C., Lawson, I.T., Frogley, M.R., Hewitt, G.M. & Preece, R.C. (2002) Buffered Tree Population Changes in a Quaternary Refugium: Evolutionary Implications. Science 297, 2044-2047.

Tzedakis, P.C., Frogley, M.R. & Heaton, T.H.E. (2002) Duration of last interglacial conditions in northwest Greece. Quaternary Research 58, 53-55.

Kukla, G.J., Bender, M.L., de Beaulieu, J.L., Bond, G., Broecker, W.S., Cleveringa, P., Gavin, J.E., Herbert, T.D., Imbrie, J., Jouzel, J., Keigwin, L.D., Knudsen, K-L., McManus, J.F., Merkt, J., Muhs, D.R., Müller, H., Poore, R.Z., Porter, S.C., Seret, G., Shackleton, N.J., Turner, C., Tzedakis, P.C. & Winograd, I.J. (2002) Last Interglacial climates. Quaternary Research 58, 2-13.

Griffiths, S.J., Giffiths, H.I., Altinsacli, S. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2002) Interpreting the Tyrrhenocythere (Ostracoda) signal from palaeolake Kopais, central Greece, Boreas 31, 250-259.

Griffiths, S.J., Street-Perrot, A., Holmes, J.A., Leng, M.J. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2002) Chemical and isotopic composition of modern water bodies in the Lake Kopais Basin, central Greece. Sedimentary Geology 148, 79-103.

Papazisimou, S., Bouzinos, A., Christanis, K., Tzedakis, P.C. & Kalaitzidis, S. (2002) The upland Holocene transitional mires of Elatia forest. Northern Greece, Wetlands 22, 355-365.

Galanidou, P. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2001) New AMS dates from the Upper Palaeolithic Kastritsa. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 67, 271-278.

Roucoux, K.H., Shackleton, N.J., de Abreu, L., Schönfeld, J. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2001) Combined marine proxy and pollen analyses reveal rapid vegetation response to North Atlantic millennial-scale climate oscillations. Quaternary Research 56, 128-132.

de Beaulieu, J.-L., Andrieu, V., Grüger, E., Reille, M. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2001) Correlation between the Velay pollen sequence and the Middle Pleistocene stratigraphy from Central Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 20, 1593-1602.

Tzedakis, P.C., Andrieu, V., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Birks, H.J.B., Crowhurst, S., Follieri, M., Hooghiemstra, H., Magri, D., Reille, M., Sadori, L., Shackleton, N.J. & Wijmstra, T.A. (2001) Establishing a terrestrial chronological framework as a basis for biostratigraphical comparisons. Quaternary Science Reviews 20, 1583-1592.

Bouzinos, A., Papazisimou, S., Christanis, K. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2000) High peat accumulation rate in the tectonic depression of Katouna, western Greece. International Peat Journal 10, 85-95.

Galanidou, P., Tzedakis, P.C., Lawson, I.T. & Frogley, M.R. (2000) A revised chronological and palaeoenvironmental framework for the Kastritsa rockshelter, northwest Greece. Antiquity 74, 349-355.

Magri, D. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2000) Orbital signatures and long-term vegetation patterns in the Mediterranean. Quaternary International 73/74, 69-78.

Tzedakis, P.C. (2000) Vegetation variability in Greece during the Last Interglacial Geologie en Mijnbouw / Netherlands Journal of Geosciences 79(2), 355-367.

Frogley, M.R., Tzedakis, P.C. & Heaton, T.H.E. (1999) Climate variability in NW Greece during the last interglacial. Science 285, 1886-1889.

Tzedakis, P.C. (1999) The last climatic cycle at Kopais, central Greece. Journal of the Geological Society, London 155, 425-434.

Tzedakis, P.C., Andrieu, V., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Crowhurst, S., Follieri, M., Hooghiemstra, H., Magri, D., Reille, M., Sadori, L., Shackleton, N.J. & Wijmstra, T.A. (1997) Comparison of terrestrial and marine records of changing climate of the last 500,000 years. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 150, 171-176.

Maslin, M. & Tzedakis, P.C. (1996) Sultry last interglacial gets sudden chill. Eos Transactions  American Geophysical Union 77, 353-356.

van Andel,  T.H. & Tzedakis, P.C. (1996) Palaeolithic landscapes of Europe and environs 150,000-25,000 years ago: an overview. Quaternary Science Reviews 15, 481-500.

Tzedakis, P.C. & Bennett, K.D. (1995) Interglacial vegetation succession: a view from southern Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 14, 967-982.

Tzedakis, P.C., Bennett, K.D. & Magri, D. (1994) Climate and the pollen record. Nature 370, 513.

Tzedakis, P.C. (1994) Vegetation change through glacial-interglacial cycles: a long pollen sequence perspective. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 345, 403-432.

Tzedakis, P.C. (1994) Hierarchical biostratigraphical classification of long pollen sequences. Journal of Quaternary Science 9, 257-259.

Tzedakis, P.C. (1993) Long-term tree populations in northwest Greece through multiple Quaternary climatic cycles. Nature 364, 437-440.

Tzedakis, P.C. (1992) Effect of soils on the Holocene history of forest communities, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA. Géographie Physique et Quaternaire 46, 113-124.

Bennett, K.D., Tzedakis, P.C. & Willis, K.J. (1991) Cold stage refugia of north European trees. Journal of Biogeography 18, 103-115.

 

Chapters in edited volumes

Luterbacher, J., R. García-Herrera, S. Akcer-On, R. Allan, M. C. Alvarez-Castro, G. Benito, J. Booth, U. Büntgen, N. Cagatay, D. Colombaroli, B. Davis, J. Esper, T. Felis, D. Fleitmann, D. Frank, D. Gallego, E. Garcia-Bustamante, R. Glaser, J. F. González-Rouco, H. Goosse, T. Kiefer, M. G. Macklin, S. Manning, P. Montagna, L. Newman, M. J. Power, V. Rath, P. Ribera, D. Riemann, N. Roberts, M. Sicre, S. Silenzi, W. Tinner, B. Valero-Garces, G. van der Schrier, C. Tzedakis, B. Vannière, S. Vogt, H. Wanner, J. P. Werner, G. Willett, M.H. Williams, E. Xoplaki, C. S. Zerefos, and E. Zorita (2012) A review of 2000 years of paleoclimatic evidence in the Mediterranean. In: Lionello, P. (Ed.), The Climate of the Mediterranean region: from the past to the future. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 87-185.

Tzedakis, P.C. (2009) Cenozoic climate and vegetation change. In: J.C. Woodward (ed.) The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean, pp. 89-137. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Tzedakis, P.C. (2007) Last Interglacial pollen records from Europe. In: Elias, S.A. (ed.) Encyclopaedia of Quaternary Science, pp 2597-2605. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Roucoux, K. H., Tzedakis, P. C., de Abreu, L., and Shackleton, N. J. (2007). Fine tuning land–ocean correlations for the Middle Pleistocene of southern Europe. In: Sirocko, F., Claussen, M., Sanchez Goni, M. F. & Litt, T. (Eds) The Climate of Past Interglacials, pp. 357-373. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Tzedakis, P.C. (2004) The Balkans as prime glacial refugial territory of European temperate trees In: Griffiths, H.I., Krystufek, B & Reed, JM (eds). Balkan Biodiversity. Pattern and process in the European hotspot, 49-68, Kluwer, Dordrecht.

Bouzinos, A., Papazisimou, S., Christanis, K. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2001) The floating mire of Voulkaria Lake (Prefecture of Aitoloakarnania). Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of the Geological Society of Greece, Athens September 2001. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, 415-422.

Papazisimou, S., Bouzinos, A., Christanis, K. & Tzedakis, P.C. (2000) The coastal asphalt fen of Keri, Zakynthos-Hellas. Proceedings of the 11 International Peat Congress, Quebec, Canada, volume 1, 58-69.

van Andel, T.H. & Tzedakis, P.C. (1998) Priority and opportunity: reconstructing the European Middle Palaeolithic climate and Landscape. In: J. Bailey (ed.) Science in Archaeology: An Agenda for the Future, pp. 37-45, English Heritage, London, .

Maslin, M., Sarnthein, M., Knaack, J.-J, Grootes, P. & Tzedakis, P.C. (1998) Intra-interglacial cold events: an Eemian-Holocene comparison. In: A. Cramp, C. J. MacLeod, S. V. Lee & E. J. W. Jones (eds) Geological Evolution of Ocean Basins: Results from the Ocean Drilling Program, Geological Society, London, 131, 91-99.

van Andel, T.H. & Tzedakis, P.C. (1996) European Palaeolithic landscapes 140,000-30,000 years ago - a summary. In: O. Bar-Yosef, L.Cavalli-Sforza, R.J. March, M. Piperno (eds) Proceedings of XIII International Congress of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences, Vol. 5 The Lower and Middle Palaeolithic,  pp. 191-204, ABACO Edizioni, Forlì.

 

Other scientific contributions and reports

Martrat, B., Tzedakis, P.C., Margari, V., Skinner, L.C., Hodell, D.A.  and Grimalt, J.O. (2015) Multi-decadal temperature changes off Iberia over the last two deglaciations and interglacials and their connection with the polar climate. PAGES Magazine 23, 10-11.

Tzedakis, P.C., McManus, J.F., Raynaud, D., Hodell, D.A., Skinner, L.C. & Wolff, E.W. (2012) The 4th PAGES Past Interglacials Workshop. Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, Uk, 2-5 July 2012. PAGES News 21 (1), 42-42.

Rose, J., Tzedakis, C. & Elderfield, H. (2006) Critical Quaternary Stratigraphy. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 3089.

Rose, J., Tzedakis, C. & Elderfield, H. (2006) Endpiece. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 3461-3462.

Tzedakis, C. (2006) Professor Sir Nicholas J. Shackleton, FRS (1937–2006), Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 403.

McManus, J. & Tzedakis, C. (2006) Global climate during Marine Isotope Stage 11 (MIS 11). Past Global Changes Newsletter 14(1), 42-43.

Tzedakis, P.C., Andrieu, V., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Crowhurst, S., Follieri, M., Hooghiemstra, H., Magri, D., Reille, M., Sadori, L., Shackleton, N.J. & Wijmstra, T.A. (1999) 0.5 million-year pollen records from southern Europe. Past Global Changes Newsletter 7(3), 14-15.

Magri, D. & Tzedakis, P.C. (1998) Does vegetation sing an orbital tune? Terra Nostra 98/6, 94-95.

Tzedakis, P.C. (1987) A 10,500-year record of environmental change from Cape Cod, MA. Current Research in the Pleistocene 4, 96-98.

 

Book reviews

Tzedakis, P.C. (1992) Late Quaternary Vegetation of the Near East by W. van Zeist and S. Bottema - review. The Holocene 2, 284.

Popular outlets

Tzedakis, P.C. (2000) Migrations, refugia and extinctions: the eventful history of European forests. National Geographic Magazine, Greece. September Issue, 166-169.

Research

My research centres on understanding the response of vegetation to variations in climatic forcing on orbital and millennial/centennial timescales.  To this end, I have generated some of the longest reference pollen records from terrestrial and marine sequences.  An underlying theme is the linking of terrestrial, marine and ice-core records to assess how land events relate to atmospheric and ocean changes.  Recent research focuses on past interglacials, which are providing a more complete view of the range and underlying physics of natural climate variability and a basis for comparison with the present interglacial and its future evolution.

These research strands have led to the following contributions:

(1)   Establishing the response characteristics of glacial-interglacial vegetation changes in Europe. (EPSL 1997; QSR 2001, 2006)

(2)   An improved understanding of the role of refugia, not only for the long-term survival of species in Europe, but also for the emergence of new ones. (Nature 1993; Science 2002; TREE 2013)

(3)   A novel way of viewing climate and vegetation changes in the Mediterranean, in terms of variations in the hydrological cycle linked to shifts in the mean position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. (QSR 2007; EPSL 2009)

(4)   New insights into the nature of abrupt climate changes and the importance of background climate conditions. (Nature Geoscience 2010; QSR 2005a,b; Geology 2014)

(5)   The climatic signature of critical intervals in human evolution. (Nature 2007; QSR 1996; 2011)

(6)   Insights into the factors controlling the duration of interglacial conditions and implications for the natural length of our current interglacial. (Science 2004; Nature Geoscience 2009, 2012; CP 2012)

Research Funding Awarded: total GBP 1,233,206

2015-2018       Leverhulme Research Project Grant: "Placing the earliest human occupation of Europe in a climate context" £224,363 (PI)

2013-2014       NERC: “IODP Survey of the Shackleton Sites on the SW Iberian Margin” Total award £260,153 [£12,583 to UCL] (Co-I)

2012-2014       NERC: “Marine Isotope Stage 19: analogue for the present interglacial” £205,781 (PI)

2011-2012       NERC: “Terrestrial responses to millennial and sub-millennial climate variability in the Early Glacial and implications for the hydrological cycle” £64,747 (PI)

2010-2014       EU 7th Framework Programme: “Climate change - Learning from the past climate (Past4Future) ” total award €6,647,909; €190,926 to UCL (Co-I)

2009-2011       NERC: “Climate instability during the Last Interglacial” total award £257,143 [£169,837 to UCL] (PI)

2008-2009       NERC: “Revisiting the longest European palaeoenvironmental archive” £53,642 (PI)

2007-2009       Leverhulme Research Project Grant: “The palaeoenvironmental background to early human appearance in S. Europe.” (£70,061) (PI)

2006-2009       NERC QUEST: Regulation of atmospheric carbon dioxide on glacial-interglacial timescales and its coupling to climate change. Total award £927,978 [£52,677.57 to Leeds] (Co-I)

2006-2007       Leverhulme Research Fellowship: “Developing terrestrial chronologies for MIS 11”                         £21,517 (PI)

2005-2006       NERC: “Vegetation response to abrupt climate change during MIS 6: direct land-sea comparisons. £30,879 (PI)

2003-2006       NERC: “Response of vegetation to climate variability on orbital and millennial frequencies during the penultimate climate cycle in W. Greece” £152,424 (PI)

2002-2003       NERC: “Response of vegetation to climate change during the closing stages of interglacials in SW Europe” £31,000 (PI)

2001-2002       Royal Society: “A new archive of climate change” £9990 (PI)

1995-2000       NERC Advanced Fellowship: “Linking high-resolution marine and terrestrial records of Quaternary environmental change” £199,840 (PI)

Impact

From 2004 to 2007, I was co-leader of the INQUA MIS 11 Project, which aimed to co-ordinate research and promote international co-operation on issues relating to the interglacial period ~400,000 years ago, as analogue to our current interglacial.  Since 2008, I coordinate an international collaborative network on ‘Past Interglacials’ (PIGS), under the auspices of PAGES, involving over 50 palaeoclimate scientists from the ice-core, marine, terrestrial and modelling communities.

My work on southern European glacial tree refugia, (Tzedakis, 1993 Nature; Tzedakis et al., 2002 Science; Tzedakis et al., 2013 TREE) is informing the debate on conservation strategies in Europe. My papers on the duration of interglacials (Tzedakis et al., 2004 Science), on the climate background to late Neanderthals (Tzedakis et al., 2007 Nature) and the natural length of the current interglacial (Tzedakis et al., 2012 Nature Geoscience) have generated significant media interest.

A long-standing commitment is to bring the result of my research to large and diverse audiences. I have written in popular outlets, presented my work in major public lectures (e.g. CosmoCaixa Science Museum, Barcelona; Goulandris Museum, Athens), given numerous interviews and was scientific advisor for a 13-part series on Greece and Climate Change for National Greek television (NET).

Teaching

Undergraduate modules

GEOG1005: Environmental Change
GEOG3063: Overseas Fieldclass Greece

Postgraduate modules

GEOGG133: Past Climates
GEOGG135: Biological Indicators of Environmental Change

Previous modules

GEOGGQ03: Pollen Analysis
GEOGGQ07: Palaeoclimate

PhD Students

 

External PhD examining